MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA APRIL 27 , 2012 09.30 P.M.
Gwalior travelogue is really getting longer . This is the third one .
But I clicked lots of photos and apart from that , Jai Vilas Palace and Gwalior fort are really historic and have many anecdotes worth telling , so I can not shorten the travelogue even if I wish to .
If I am remembering correctly , I visited Gwalior for the first time in 1977 / 78 . I went to visit Jai Vilas Palace and Gwalior fort for the first time on that visit . Since then I have visited these two places 3 / 4 times . But this time I went with renewed vigour and with different understanding and outlook .
I always knew that Gwalior is associated with legendary singer Tansen and Maharani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi also . But I was unable to visit their memorials on my previous visits . This time I made it a point to include these memorials in my itinerary .
So after finishing visit of Gwalior fort , I went to see Tansen Mausoleum . I was excited as it was my first visit . Passing through the lanes and by – lanes of old Gwalior , my car stopped in front of an unimpressive iron gate . But as soon as I entered in the compound I was shocked to see a grand mausoleum .
This grand mausoleum belongs to Muhammad Ghaus , a venerable Sufi saint of those times and the mentor of Tansen . Tansen [ born 1493 or 1506 - died 1586 or 1589 ] was born as Ramtanu in a Hindu Gaur Brahman family . His musical talent came to prominence at the age of 5 . Initially he learnt music from Swami Haridas of Vrindavan . He rose to national prominence in the court of legendary Man Singh Tomar , the 10th Tomar King of Gwalior . In Man Singh Tomar’s court he became exponent of Dhrupad and made this form of Hindustani Classical music world-famous . Man Singh Tomar gave him title of ” Tansen ” . He , later on , joined the court of Ramchandra Baghela of Reva . Mughal emperor Akbar heard about him and invited him to his court . Tansen went there , joined his court and thus rose to prominence and immortality .
Later on he embraced Islam and married Akbar’s daughter Meherunnissa .
From Tansen’s mausoleum , I drove to Maharani Lakshmi Bai memorial at Kotah Ki Serai near Phool Bagh . This world-famous queen of Jhansi [ November 19 , 1835 - June 17 , 1858 ] valiantly fought the British during 1st War of Independence of 1857 . She lost Jhansi fort due to treachery of her own people , came to Gwalior to seek help of Scindias but was not able to get their help . Scindia’s unflinching loyalty to their British masters and their non – cooperation to the freedom struggle drove Maharani Lakshmi Bai away from Gwalior and while crossing a nullah , which is still there , she was martyred by British army . She was only 23 years old at the time of her death .
After paying my obeisance at the memorial of Maharani Lakshmi Bai , I was engulfed with emotions . It is sad to get martyred at the tender age of 23 . It is sad to not have a family life , which she definitely deserved . She died for the country at such a tender age but her memorial is not well – kept at all . Few months back I visited Rajiv Gandhi’s memorial at Sriperumbudur . It was so well maintained and beautifully kept , that I was amazed . I am not saying that Rajiv Gandhi’s memorial should not be maintained properly . But the memorial of Maharani Lakshmi Bai also deserves same treatment , if not better .
I am saddened by the neglect .
Evening started descending on the Gwalior city . It was time to leave . Same never-ending feeling engulfed me again and completely.
I remembered Agyeya’s famous lines and left Gwalior . Hope I would visit Gwalior again and really soon .
पार्श्व गिरि का नम्र चीड़ों में , डगर चढ़ती उमंगों सी ;
MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA
Filed under: Travel Diaries | Tagged: 10th Tomar King, 1857, Acting Trainer, Agyeya, Akbar, Dhrupad, Diction Trainer, Gwalior, Gwalior Fort, Hindi Teacher, Hindustani Classical Music, India, India's 1st War of Independence, Jai Vilas Palace, Jhansi, Kamal Nayan Chaturvedi, Kotah Ki Serai, Maharani Lakshmi Bai, Maharani Lakshmi Bai Memorial, Man Singh Tomar, Mian Tansen, Mughal Emperor, Mughal Emperor Akbar, Muhammad Ghaus, MUMBAI - MAHARASHTRA - INDIA, Phool Bagh, Rajiv Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi's Memorial, Rani Jhansi, Scindia, Singh Tomar, Sriperumbudur, Sufism, Swami Haridas, Swami Haridas of Vrindavan, Tansen, Tansen Mausoleum, Tomar King, Travel Diary, Travelogue, Travelogue of Gwalior, Vidur, Vidur Chaturvedi, Vidur on Twitter, Vidur's Blog, Vidur's Travel Diary | Leave a Comment »