MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA AUGUST 08, 2012 01. 15 A.M.
But Bihar’s history is much older that the British Indian Empire and even the rule of Afghans and Mughals .
Ancient Bihar (which consisted of Anga, Videha/Mithila, Magadha and Vajji/Vrijji) was a centre of power , learning and culture in ancient and classical India . From Magadha arose India’s first and greatest empire , the Maurya empire as well as one of the world’s most widely adhered-to religions , Buddhism . Magadha empires , notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties , unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule . Its capital Patna , earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important centre of Indian civilization . Nalanda and Vikramshila were centres of learning established in the 5th and 8th century respectively in Bihar , and are counted amongst the oldest and truly international universities , where people from all over the world came to study. Bihar has distinction of giving the world its first democracy through Lichchivi Ganarajya [ modern-day Vaishali district ] during ancient era . Though today , for some , Vaishali is more associated with Aamrapali , than with democracy . But for lovers of history , Vaishali will always be known as the epicentre of the FIRST PARLIAMENT OF THE WORLD .
I am posting few maps , which amply make clear the importance of Bihar and its significant contribution to the cultural ethos of India . From the mythological Magadh of Jarasandh and Anga of Karna of Mahabharata era , to the Maurya period and Chankya era and to the Golden Age of Guptas , Bihar has seen it all .
After the end of this glorious and ancient chapter and after the end of not so significant Afghan and Mughal era , East India Company conquered large parts of northern India and became the de – facto rulers . After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer, and collect revenue or tax) for Bihar, Bengal and Orissa , [ now Odisha ] . The rich resources of fertile land , water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign imperialists , particularly the Dutch and British , in the 18th century . Bihar remained a part the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912 , when the province of Bihar and Orissa [ now Odisha ] was carved out as a separate province . Since 2010, Bihar has celebrated its birthday as Bihar Diwas on 22 March . In 1935 , certain portions of Bihar were reorganised into the separate province of Orissa [ now Odisha ] .
In 2000 , Bihar was divided into two and North part of undivided Bihar became Bihar and the Southern part was carved as a separate province and is now known as Jharkhand .
After partition , present day Bihar is the 12th largest state of India in terms of geographical size and 3rd largest in population . Apart from Hindi , Bihar is the home of some of the dialects of Hindi , like ; Bhojpuri , Magadhi , Maithili , Angika and Vajjika . For administrative purposes Bihar is divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts .
After independence and under the rule of Chief Ministers like ; Krishna Sinha and Anugrah Narayan Sinha , Bihar for some time , basked in the old glory of Patliputra . But it suffered a lot during the rule of Congress in later years . During the 15 year rule of Lalu Prasad Yadav and his wife Rabdi Devi , Bihar reached at its nadir . Lawlessness and anarchy ruled supreme . Day time murders became order of the day . Ransom became a respectable business . Reputation of Chankya’s Bihar and Chandragupta Maurya’s Patliputra was massacred and mutilated by RJD’s Lalu Prasad Yadav . It was further defaced and defiled by his inefficient wife Rabdi Devi .
After all the turmoil and tribulations , Bihar finally rejected RJD of Lalu and elected BJP , JD [ U ] combine in 2005 . Bihar is now marching ahead under the NDA rule . After Gujarat , now it is the second fastest growing state of India .
I am happy that in the centenary year of its existence , Bihar is shedding its infamous and nefarious image and gaining international respectability and appreciation . Bharatiya Janata Party and Janata Dal [ United ] combine deserve kudos for that . Though it is still miles behind of other states but definitely it is moving ahead and moving fast . May this centenary year be the golden year of Bihar .
I am happy because I have my roots in Bihar . My forefathers originally hailed from the state and only later on they migrated to Uttar Pradesh .
[ Some facts and figures of Bihar have been taken from Wikipedia . I express my gratitude . ]
MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA
- Lawless Bihar: The Sicily Of India (ibtimes.com)
- Bihar: Kosi river floods two districts (icrindia.wordpress.com)
- Children sold into ‘slavery’ in India (todayonline.com)
- India: Encephalitis toll rises to 225 in Bihar (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
- India: Encephalitis kills 299 children in Bihar this year (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
- ‘Daughters of the Brothel’ Chronicles the Stories of Former Sex Workers of the Chaturbhuj-sthan Brothel in India (aytacgok.wordpress.com)
- Nitish Kumar, Bihar (democracyforum.blogspot.com)
Filed under: States Of India | Tagged: 100 Years of Bihar, Aamrapali, Acting Trainer, Anga, Angika, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Ashoka The Great, Battle of Buxar, Bengal Bihar & Orissa, Bengal Presidency, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bhojpuri, Bhojpuri language, Bihar, Bihar Diwas, BJP, British Empire, British History, British Indian Empire, British Raj, Buddhism, Chanakya, Chandragupta Maurya, Congress, Diction Trainer, East India Company, Gujarat, Gupta Dynasty, Gupta Empire, Hindi Teacher, History, India, indian civilization, Indian Empire, Janata Dal United, Jarasandh, JDU, Jharkhand, Kalinga, Kamal Nayan Chaturvedi, Karna, Krishna Sinha, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Lichhavi, Magadh, Magadha, Magadha Dynasty, Magadhi, Mahabharata, Maithili, Maurya Empire, Mithila, Mughal Era, Mumbai, MUMBAI - MAHARASHTRA - INDIA, Nalanda, Orissa, Patliputra, Rabdi Devi, Rashtriya Janata Dal, RJD, Selucus Nicator, Sunga Empire, Uttar Pradesh, Vaishali, Vaishali district, Vajji, Vajjika, Videha, Vidur, Vidur Chaturvedi, Vidur on Twitter, Vidur's Blog, Vikramashila, Vrijji | Leave a Comment »