MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA DECEMBER 29 , 2011 02.55 A.M.
Mao's Photo at Tiananmen Gate
On December 27, 2011 , Communist China celebrated 118th birth anniversary of Chairman Mao Ze Dong . There were celebrations throughout China . Mao Ze Dong , who was Mao Tse Tung in my childhood days , is the creator of modern Communist China . So the festivity was expected . China is eager to preserve the legacy of Chairman Mao . May I ask what is the legacy ? Is there anything in his legacy to crow about ? The map given below is the current map of China . East Turkestan , Tibet , Inner Mongolia and Manchuria are annexed and disputed territories . If there areas become independent , what is left ?
Map of China
True , he was founding father of the People’s Republic of China , stablished in 1949 . He was in control of China and The Communist Party of China till his death in 1976 .
Mao rose to power after Long March . This Long March catapulted Mao Tse Tung , as he was called then , to the forefront . He travelled 12,500 kilometers in 370 days . The Long march started from Jianxi in October 16 , 1934 and culminated in Shaanxi in October 19 , 1935 . In 1949 Mao Ze Dong announced the establishment of Communist China and became the Chairman .
Mao Proclaiming establishment of Communist China
Chairman Mao is revered bu his countrymen . But history is harsh and history is the ultimate judge of the people and his legacy . When I look back objectively , I am forced to say that the legacy of Mao Ze Dong is blood – drenched . Just like the Red Flag of his party his persona is full of blood stains .
Flag of Communist China
Let us visit pages of his life one by one . His life and so – called legacy is a book of deceit and deception .
Kuomintang and Chiang Kai Shek : Before becoming a national figure , Mao formed Second United Front with Kuomintang of Generalissimo Chiang Kai – shek during Second Sino – Japanese War . But later he deceived Generalissimo and fought a Civil War and defeated Kuomintang of Generalissimo Chiang Kai – shek . Chinag Kai – shek went and stablished his regime in Taiwan . Is deceiving an ally be called a legacy ?
Generalissimo Chiang Kai - shek
Map of Taiwan
Mao never accepted the aspirations of Taiwanese people and wanted to annex it by force . International media calls rest of the China as Mainland China . Mao simply drove Kuomintang from the Mainland and usurped the power . So the true and legitimate ruler left China and took shelter in Taiwan . In my opinion Taiwan is the real China and there is no Main Land China . If a person throws me out of my house and I am forced to live in some other place , my house wont belong to the usurper . It will remain my house . So China belongs to the Taiwanese Nationalist people , who are currently staying in Taiwan .
Tibet and HH Dalai Lama : After failing in Taiwan and after gaining control of major portions of China , Mao sent his Red Army in Tibet and annexed the sovereign nation of Tibet in 1950 . HH Dalai Lama took shelter in India and Tibetan people are forced to live in subjugation of Communist China . I am giving the original map of Tibet , which Mao refused to accept . Amdo and Kham have been truncated from Tibet . He first promised autonomy to the truncated Tibet and said that he only wanted Tibet to accept sovereignty of China and she can remain autonomous in every aspect . But later on reneged and took full control of Tibet . Tibetan culture is under threat and millions have died . Subjugation of Tibet continues unabated . During The Great Leap Forward between 2 Lakh and 10 Lakh Tibetans died . Around the time of Cultural Revolution 6,000 monasteries were destroyed .
Original Cultural & Historical Map of Tibet
Truncated Tibet in The Map of China
East Turkestan : China and Russia have disputes over East Turkestan , which is named Xingjiang by China . Land of Uyghur was annexed by China . On October 1 , 1955 , Mao Ze Dong designated Xingjiang as Uyghur Autonomous region and encouraged settlers from other parts of China to change its demographic entity .
Inner Mangolia :
Map of East Turkestan [ Xingjiang
Mongolia is a sovereign nation . Mongols are different from Han Chinese . So where is the question of Inner Mongolia being part of China . Mongolia Autonomous Region was stablished in 1949 and it is the third largest sub – division of China . It is now a Han majority region and Mongols are in minority . The empire of mighty Genghis Khan is now divided into two parts . There were revolts in Inner Mongolia but it was suppressed by Mao and Inner Mongolia was divided into many provinces . In 1969 much of Inner Mongolia was distributed among surrounding provinces and thus the region lost its ethnic Mongol culture .Mongols are now only 20% of the population . Their percentage tells the true story of mao’s legacy .
Inner Mongolia in The Map of China
Manchria : Another disturbed region of China tells some other story . In 1969 Mao fought with USSR , China’s only supporting country , over the question of Manchuria . He finally got Manchuria and made it another Autonomous region .
Map of Manchuria in China
If all these annexed regions are freed from the Chinese yoke , what would remain is interesting to see . I am giving a map . And remember this map still includes Amdo and Kham regions of Cultural Tibet and Manchuria . If you separate East Turkestan , Tibet [ along with Amdo and Kham ] , Inner Mongolia and Machuria from China , the much smaller China will be a treat to see .Just go through the map .
The Map of China with Restive Parts
Apart from this brutal story of annexation , let us examine what happened during various movements of Mao . Under direct orders from Mao in 1948 Peoples Liberation Army starved the Kuomintang forces . Apart from the army , at least 1,60,000 civilians were also got killed . His two most famous movements , the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution were catastrophic failures . As per one estimate 40 to 70 million people died during his rule . Lakhs committed suicide because of political persecution and Anti – Rightist Movements . Officers were purged and they simply vanished without trace . Agricultural lands were confiscated and the landlords were tortured and were killed . Public execution of opponents became order of the day . 8,00,000 were killed in counter-revolutionary campaigns . 4 to 6 million people were sent to reform through labour camps . Majority of them died . During three – anti / five – anti campaigns , some more million lives were lost . Majority of them committed suicide . Because of this reign of terror workers denounced their bosses , wives their husbands and children their parents . Imagine a life where you are spied by your own subordinate , your spouse and even your kids . This is Mao’s true legacy .
During Hundred Flower Campaign Mao allowed people to voice dissent and they were encouraged to have different opinion . But later on campaign was stopped and all the dissenters , 5,00,000 in total , were ruthlessly executed .
During Great Chinese Famine , between 1959 to 1962 , almost 30 million Chinese peasants died .
After Stalin’s death , Mao denounced USSR and branded them as revisionists . His was not faithful even to USSR [ Union of Soviet Socialist Republic ] , which supported him blindly and was the only country to help him to consolidate power during his formative years .
This is very brief history of bloodshed and cruelty . Chinese people and the government may revere him , and they do . That’s why his portrait adorns Tiananmen Square .
Portrait of Mao at Tianmen Gate
But as for his legacy is concerned , it is gory and blood – drenched . This brutal dictator lies in peace in his grand mausoleum . His personal doctor wrote that he never brushed his teeth , never took bath and used to come out of bed very rarely . His doctor wrote that he used to wear formal clothes only when he was supposed to go out .
In his grand Mausoleum , now he is enjoying those awful luxuries . And he will keep on enjoying those luxuries till eternity . Amen !!
Beijing :: Mausoleum of Mao Zedong
MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA
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