Chronicle of Communal Riots in India


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA             APRIL 28, 2011                  07.30 P.M.
To begin with , I must emphasize that this not an original blog written by me. I am just reproducing few relevant tweets from the twitter handle of Mr. Pawan Durani , who is a Kashmiri Pandit and is fighting for the Homeland of Kashmiri Pandits in Kashmir valley.
Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Gujarat riots, though an old story now, refuses to die a natural death, or is not being permitted to die by few interested parties and some vested interests , who claim to be liberal and secular. Communal riots are bad and no one in his senses will ever support it. But fact of the matter is that riots happened in every province of India and under every regime. Even during the time of Mahatma Gandhi there were many riots including the notorious riots of Noakhali. Mahatma Gandhi tried his best to bring harmony and peace but almost failed. If Mahatma Gandhi with the moral authority , which he commanded, failed to eliminate communal virus from India, what one expects from Narendra Modi or any other leader ? Instead of helping to heal the wounds and applying balm to the grieving families, these vested interests are hellbent on keeping this festering wound of Gujarat riots open.
Narendra Modi - Chief Minister of Gujarat

Narendra Modi - Chief Minister of Gujarat

The day a junior police officer claimed that he was present in the meeting , which Narendra Modi held at his official home, and heard him saying that Hindus should be allowed to vent their anger so that Muslims should be taught a lesson. Media as usual went agog with glee and Modi bashing started. No one asked this police officer that why was he silent all these years and even if Modi ordered what is being claimed by this particular police officer, why he obeyed this illegal order? isn’t it dereliction of duty?
On that very day Mr. Pawan Durani started tweeting about many communal violences , which occurred from time to time. It was interesting data and I saved it for my future research and decided to chronicle it in the form of a blog so that posterity can use it if they find it relevent.
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1990 | Communal riots in #patna #Bihar | 18 killed | Ruling Party CONGress | CM _ Jagan Mishra | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1989 -90 | #Bhagalpur #Bihar communal violence | 896 killed | Ruling Party CONGress | CM _ Jagan Mishra | Non calls it communal | #sickular
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Oct 1990 | Communal violence in #Beawar < #Maharshtra | Ruling party -CONGress | CM _ Sharad Pawar | Non calls it communal |#Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1990 | Communal Violence in #HailaKandi #Assam | 37 killed | Ruling party AGP | CM-Prafulla mahanta | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1990 | Communal violence in #Delhi #ChandniChowk | 100+ Killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
APR_MAY 1990 | Communal violence in #KANPUR | 30 killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | CM – Mulayam yadav | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Novemeber 1990 | Communal violence in #Agra | 33 killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | CM – Mulayam yadav | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Oct 1990 | Communal violence in Lucknow < UP | 33 Killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | CM _Mulay yadav | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1990 _1991 | #Gujarat riots } Around 270 killed | Ruling party Janta Dal & Cong | CM -Chiman Patel | Non calls it Communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
March 1989 | Communal violence in #Bhadrak , #Orissa | Ruling party CONGress | CM -JB Patnaik | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1989 | Communal violence in #Kota , #Rajasthan | Ruling party CONGress | CM- SC Mathur | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCt 1989 | Communal violence in #Indore | 27 killed | Ruling party CONG | CM-ML Vohra | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Apr-May 1987 | Communal violence in Meerut , UP | 81 killed | Ruling party CONG | CM – VB Singh | Non calls it communal |#Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
July 1986 | Communal violence in #Ahmedabad | 59 Killed | Ruling party CONG > | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
April 1985 | Communal riots in #Ahmedabad | 300 Killed | Ruling party CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1984 | Communal riots in #Delhi | 2733 Killed | Ruling party CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
May1984 | Communal riots in #Bhiwandi | 146 Killed , 611 Inj | Ruling party CONGress | CM- Vasandada Patil | Non calls it communal #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1983 | Communal riots in #Hyderabad | 45 killed | Ruling party TDP | Chief Min – NTR | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
October 1983 | Communal violence in #HazariBagh | Ruling party CONGress | CM- Chandrashekhar Singh | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
June 1983 |Communal riots again in #Malegoan #Maharshtra | Ruling party CONGress | CM- Vasantdada patil | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
May 1983 | Communal riots in #Malur #Karnataka | Ruling party Janta | CM _ Mr hegde | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Dec 1982 | Communal riots in #Baroda | Ruling party Congress | CHief Min Mr Solanki | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1982 | Communal riots in #Meerut , UP | Ruling party Congress , CM Sripaty Mishra | Non calls it Communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
April 1981 | Communal riots in BiharSharif #Bihar | Around 80 Killed | Ruling party CONGress | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Auguest 1980 | #Moradabad Communal riots | Approx 2000 Killed | Ruling Party Congress | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
April 1979 | Communal riots in #Jamshedpur , West Bengal | More than 125 killed | Ruling party CPIM | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1978 | Communal riots in #Hyderabad | 19 Killed | Ruling party CONg | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Oct 1978 | Communal violence in #Aligarh , UP | 30 Killed | Ruling party Janta Party | Non called it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
March 1978 | Communal riots in #Sambhal , UP | 25 killed | Ruling party Janta party | Non calls it communal |Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1977 | Varanasi Riots | Ruling party Janta | Non called it communal |#Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
May 1970 | Mahad #Maharshtra communal riots | Ruling party CONG | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1970 | Communal riots in #Jalgoan #Maharshtra | 43 killed | Ruling party was CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1970 | #Bhiwandi communal riots in #Maharashtra | Around 80 killed | Ruling party CONg | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1969 | Communal riots in #Ahmedabad | More than 512 Killed | Ruling party happened to be CONG | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
March 1968 | around 100 killed in KarimGanj Assam | Ruling party again CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
August 1967 | 200 Killed | Communal riots in Ranchi | Party ruling again CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1964 Communal riots in Rourkela & Jamshedpur | 2000 Killed | Ruling party CONG . | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1947 Communal riots in #Bengal | 5000 Killed | Ruling party happened to be CONG . | Non calls it communal #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1984 witnesses anti #Sikh riots in #Delhi , Capital of #India , 2700 Killed | Ruling party happened to be CONgress | Non calls it communal
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1992 -93 witnessed communal riots in Maharshtra | The chief ministers were Congressmen | They remain secular | #sickularism
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
@shabirgilkar I think millions of muslims do live in #Gujarat and many them admire #Modi
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
#Modi has walked this #Agnipath many times ; CONgress can go to any level to stop his march to become next PM of #India
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
And who has faith in you ,Mr Bhatt ? “@ibnlive: IPS officer Sanjiv Bhatt: No faith in SIT appointed to probe Gujarat riots”
It is unfortunate that all these years communal violence was not prevented and it occurred with impunity under all regimes in all tha provinces of India. It is shameful and we should strive for a riot free India. I don’t think keeping alive the unfortunate memory of a decade old Gujarat riots are going to serve any purpose. But unfortunately Gujarat riots have become the source of income for some people and also a convenient tool to proclaim their secular credentials .
Gujarat riots are unfortunate and milking it by some self – proclaimed secular people for their own agenda is criminal.

Homage To Sathya Sai Baba


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA               APRIL 25, 2011                        09.00P.M.  

Let me state that I am neither a devotee nor a disciple of Sathya Sai Baba of Puttaparthi. I do respect him as a devout Hindu and I am deeply pained to hear about his sad demise.

According to Hindu tradition, a saint never dies. His soul simply leaves this world and gets NIRVANA. He attains MOKSHA and becomes one with the supreme power whom we call God. So Poojaneeya Sathya Sai Baba is not dead. He left us and this ephemeral world for his eternal journey. He completed his assigned duties in this world and finally attained NIRVANA. On this occasion I am reminded of a line written as epitaph on the samadhi of OSHO ; ” NEVER BORN , NEVER DEAD ; JUST VISITED THIS PLANET EARTH “. It was true about OSHO and it is true about Sathya Sai Baba also.

Entrance to Puttaparthi : The Birth Place of Sai Baba

Entrance to Puttaparthi : The Birth Place of Sai Baba

Everyone knows that he was born in 1926 as Sathyanarayana Raju in the Puttaparthi village of Andhra Pradesh , India. In his childhood he showed exceptional talent in drama, music, dance and writing. At the age of 14, he proclaimed himself to be a reincarnation of Sai Baba of Shirdi. He retained first half of his name Sathya and the illustrious journey of Sathya Sai Baba began. It is to be known that Sai Baba of Shirdi had died 8 years before the birth of Sathya Sai Baba.

In 1963 he suffered 4 severe heart attacks but survived and claimed that he will live till 2022 and then will take rebirth again after 8 years in 2030 in Mysore as Prema Sai Baba.

In 1972 he stablished Sri Sathya Sai Central Trust [ SSSCT ] to run schools and other institutions. Today SSSCT owns assets worth Rs. 45.000 crore and several social works are being carried out in 166 countries of the world.

On March 28, 2011 he was admitted to the super – speciality hospital in Puttaparthi and on April 24, 2011 passed away at 07.40 A.M. Today on April 27, 2011 he was buried as per the ascetic traditions of Hinduism.

Puttaparthi and Prashanti Nilayam ; His Abode

Puttaparthi and Prashanthi Nilayam ; His Abode

I was deeply pained when Sathya Sai Baba was in the hospital and doctors were fighting a losing battle to save him, some known intellectuals, atheists and TV anchors were making fun of him. It was said that if he was capable of so many miracles, why can’t he save his own life? Some one pointed out that Sathya Sai Baba announced that he will live untill the year 2022, so how can he be on deathbed? Indian atheists, intellectuals and rationalists never question faiths and believes of other religions but when it comes to Hinduism , they start questioning. If they keep mum on other religions then they have no right to question Hindu believes also.

These rationalists did not stop even after the demise of Sathya Sai Baba. You can visit twitter accounts of following people to know how venomous these atheists could be :

1 – Sumon K Chakrabarti @SumonCNNIBN

2 – Taslima Nasreen @taslimanasreen

Taslima Nasreen, writer from Bangladesh.

Taslima Nasreen, writer from Bangladesh.

3 – Aditya Raj Kaul @AdityaRajKaul

4 – Joy D @ Joydas

These people are entitled not to believe in miracles but at least show respect to a departed saint. He didn’t only perform miracles. He did some extremely praiseworthy social works also. What would you say about this hospital ?

Sathya Sai Super Speciality Hospital in Bangaluru

Sathya Sai Super Speciality Hospital in Bengaluru

And what about the university of such magnitude ?

Sri Sathya Sai University, Puttaparthi, A.P. India

Sri Sathya Sai University, Puttaparthi, A.P. India

And what about such sports stadiums ?

Sathya Sai Sports Stadium

Sathya Sai Sports Stadium

What will these atheists say about water project , which provides drinking water to 1.2 million people in about 750 villages in the drought – prone Rayalaseema region in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh?

In his life also Sathya Sai Baba was challenged by many atheists and so – called rationalists who doubted his miracles. Abraham Kovoor of Sri Lanka, H. Narasimhaiah of Bengaluru, Basava Premanand of Tamil Nadu and magician P. C. Sorcar Jr. of West Bengal challenged Sathya Sai Baba but to no avail. Baba rightly said that the scientific approach that ” nothing could be created out of nothing ” is appropriate to the limited field and dimension of science . It doesn’t apply to the transcendental field and dimensions of spirituality.

Any of the above mentioned rationalists and atheists , as per my limited knowledge, have no record of any social work. Can magician P. C. Sorcar Jr. tell us about any work he has done in public domain? Sathya Sai Baba performed miracles , so does Jesus Christ and other saints. Even if you don’t believe in miracles , please remember that they were noble souls and they should be respected for that.

Atheists , you have right to remain an atheist. We don’t want to convert you. But for Gos sake don’t try to convert believers also. India has long tradition of tolerance. Known atheist CHARVAKA of ancient India used to criticize Hinduism while standing on the staircase of the famous Mahakaleshwar temple of Ujjain. None harmed him. He is known as RISHI CHARVAKA even today. So we appreciate your views and accept your right to air them. But accept our rights also. We have every right to be a believer and believe in Sathya Sai Baba.

I pay my humble obeisance to the noble soul , whom we know and revere as Sathya Sai Baba. It is very unfortunate that I could not go fto Puttaparthi or his Darshan.

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

www.twitter.com/VidurChaturvedi

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9 Newcomers of ” Aber ” , My Bhojpuri Film


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA              APRIL 25, 2011               07.15 P. M.

While preparing for the pre – production of ” ABER ” , my Bhojpuri film , I laid down few rules for myself.

1 – I decided that my actors should be genuine struggling actors and not some wannabes, who are well settled in their respective lives and have this everlasting wishful thinking of becoming actors.

2 – I decided that I would give work to the maximum number of my students. And why not ? If I am imparting training and churning out vast number of talented artistes, why should I rummage through the trash bins of some other trainers and sign their discarded and defective museum pieces for my films?

3 – I also decided that I would give chance to maximum numbers of newcomers. Generally people do not understand the process of film – making. They feel that only talent counts. Outsider’s opinion of film industry is based on sweet dreams and some fallacies. Film – making depends on the will and power of financiers and distributors. You wont get money for a non – star cast film. And finally even if you get the money and any how complete the film , you wont be able to sell it to the distributors. So casting newcomers was the most difficult decision, which I took. Though I was adamant and today I am satisfied that there are 9 new comers in ” Aber ” , my Bhojpuri film. I did talk to Rani Chatterjee , Viraj Bhatt , Swati Varma and Aksshey Varma for my film, because they are big stars and I can sell my film on their name. But here also I fulfilled my first commitment. Swati and Aksshey are my students. So out of 4 stablished stars , 2 are my students. And out of  9  new comers , 7 are my students and remaining 2 are new comers but not my students.

1 – Ashutosh Singh : He is the music director of my film and has done just one film. But that film is not released yet. Apart from that film he has not done anything. And since the film he has done is yet to get released , he is as new and fresh as any new comer. Needless to say that he has done fantastic job.

Ashutosh Singh

Ashutosh Singh

2 – PRIYA SHARMA : She is the romantic lead of my film and she has not done any film as main lead. She has worked as second lead in a film but it is yet to get released.

3 – PRIYAMVADA PANDEY : She has done a serial for Mahua channel but not a film. After Rani Chatterjee and Swati Varma, who are big stars in Bhojpuri film industry, she is playing the most important character in the film and it was a big and risky decision as per the norm of film industry. But I am firm on my decision and have confidence that she will always be known and shall always be remembered for this role.

She is our student and was in Batch No. 27 of KEATING CHARAKTERS.

Priyamvada Pandey

 4 – PRIYA JOSHI : She is a Marathi girl and has not done any thing either in Hindi or in Marathi. Her role is smaller compared to all the above mentioned female characters but this role is catalyst and it is the pivotal role of the movie. When I informed her about my decision, she went into disbelief. At that time her batch was yet to be completed and even her batch-mates thought that I am not serious. But I had seen the sparks and was adamant  that only she could essay the role.

She is our student and was in the Batch No. 46 of KREATING CHARAKTERS.

Priya Joshi

5 – Sandip Yadav : Again a rank new comer , he has done nothing ; neither stage , nor TV or film. He is from Uttar Pradesh and basically a Bhojpuri speaking person.

He is our student and was in the Batch No. 41 of KREATING CHARAKTERS.

Sandip Yadav

Sandip Yadav

6 – Rajnish Gore : Like Sandip , he is also a rank new comer. Totally without experience, he has done nothing. He is Bhojpuri speaking boy .

He is our student and was in the Batch No. 38 of KREATING CHARAKTERS .

Rajnish Gore

Rajnish Gore

7 – Riddhi Bansal : He is very old student of mine and is basically a dubbing artiste. He is from Rajasthan and is playing a police officer in the film. He has done just one film , which has not been released yet.

Riddhi Bansal

Riddhi Bansal

8 – RATAN LAL : He is from Ranchi , Jharkhand and he is a black belt holder. He has done few episode of a serial ” Left Right Left “. Apart from that he has done one Bhojpuri film, which is yet to be released. In my film he is playing the role of a Marine commando.

He is working at KREATING CHARAKTERS as action trainer.

Ratan Lal

9 – Raunak Chaturvedi : He is my son and student too. He has done acting workshop with Nadira Zaheer Babbar. After completing that workshop, he started learning dance from Krishna Sir and is still doing that. Earlier he was with Shiamak Davar’s academy also.

Before admitting him in KREATING CHARAKTERS,  I advised him to work as assistant director so that he should know all the aspects of film making. He has assisted 4 directors. He started with clap boy and graduated to become the 1st assistant director. His last job as assistant was for ” Daddy Cool ” , a Inder Kumar film.

He is our student and was in the Batch No. 46 of KREATING CHARAKTERS.

Raunak Chaturvedi

Raunak Chaturvedi


Poster of " Aber " - A Bhojpuri Film With Difference

Poster of " Aber " - A Bhojpuri Film With Difference

1st Publicity Design of " Aber "

1st Publicity Design of " Aber "

2nd Publicity Design of " Aber "

2nd Publicity Design of " Aber "

3rd Publicity Design of " Aber "

3rd Publicity Design of " Aber "

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

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Farewell Sachin Bhowmick !


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA              APRIL 16, 2011                    11.55 P.M.

Life is cruel. Sometimes it is very cruel. It was illustrated once more this time. Hindi film industry’s most prolific and one of the most successful and versatile writer, Sachin Bhowmick breathed his last in Mumbai on April 12, 2011 at the age of 80.

In this film world , where it is difficult to survive even for few years, Sachin da , as he was fondly called , survived for more than 50 years and that too successfully. From Nargis , Asha Parekh and Saira Banu to Aishwarya Rai Bachchan , Kajol and Priyanka Chopra and from Balraj Sahni , Shammi Kapoor and Rishi Kapoor to Shah Rukh Khan ,  Hritik Roshan ,and Akshay Kumar ,  he had written story and screenplay for almost everyone. He was virtually a writer of three generations.

He began as a travel writer in 1959 and slowly and gradually stablished himself as a successful story and screenplay writer in Hindi films. He started with Nargis and Balraj Sahni starrer ” Lajwanti ” [ 1958 ]. Who can forget the immortal Asha Bhosle gem ; ……. koi aaya dhadkan kahti hai………..

Balraj Sahni

Balraj Sahni

After this he wrote another memorable hit like ; ” Anuradha ” [ 1961 ] . This Hrishikesh Mukherjee directed film won President’s Gold Medal.

After this it was literally an avalanche of hits and super hit films. ” Ziddi ” [ 1964 ] , ” Ayee Milan Ki Bela ” [ 1964 ] , ” Majboor ” [ 1964 ] , ” Jaanwar ” [ 1965 ] , ” Love In Tokyo ” [ 1966 ] , ” Aaye Din Bahar Ke ” [ 1966 ] , ” An Evening In Paris ” [ 1967 ]  , ” Brahmchari ” [ 1968 ] , ” Aaya Sawan Jhoom Ke ” [ 1969 ] , ” Aradhana ” [ 1969 ] , ” Aan Milo Sajna ” [ 1970 ] , ” Carvan ” [ 1971 ] , ” Dost ” [ 1974 ] , ” Khel Khel Men ” [ 1975 ] , ” Hum Kisi Se Kam Nahin ” [ 1977 ] , ” Golmaal ” [ 1979 ] , ” Karz ” [ 1980 ] , ” Do Aur Do Paanch ” [ 1980 ] , ” Bemisal ” [ 1982 ] , ” Nastik ” [ 1983 ] , ” Sahab ” [ 1985 ] , ” Karma ” [ 1986 ] , ” Khalnaayak ” [ 1993 ] , ” Main Khiladi Tu Anari ” [ 1994 ] , ” Yeh Dillagi ” [ 1994 ] , ” Karan Arjun ” [ 1995 ] , ” Koyla ” [ 1997 ] , ” Dushman ” [ 1998 ] , ” Soldier ” [ 1998 ] , ” Aa Ab Laut Chalen ” [ 1999 ] , ” Taal ” [ 1999 ] , ” Koi….. Mil Gaya ” [ 2003 ] , ” Kisna ” [ 2006 ] and ” Krrish ” [  2006 ] .

180 px

Image via Wikipedia

Aa Ab Laut Chalen

Image via Wikipedia

Main Khiladi Tu Anari

Image via Wikipedia

He directed, apart from scripting , Rajesh Khanna and Sharmila Tagore starrer ” Raja Rani ” [ 1973 ]. In total he wrote story and screenplay of moer than 100 films.

180 px

Image via Wikipedia

He worked with Hrishikesh Mukherjee , Shakti Samanta , Pramod Chakraborty , Bhappi Soni , J . Om Prakash , Nasir Hussain , Subhash Ghai and Rakesh Roshan. Such was his calibre that he was repeated by all the above mentioned film makers several times.

Life is ephemeral. One , however high and mighty, has to go. So Sachin da can’t be an exception. He left us for his final journey. Pen has stopped. Ink has been dry. Nib is broken by the cruel fate. But saga continues. The mortal body of Sachin Bhowmick is gone forever but the immortal films and scripts live on.

Farewell Sachin da ! I was fortunate that I could see you several times when I was training Hritik Roshan and you visited his apartment for story sessions.

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

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Vidur’s Blog Translated in Hindi Language


भोजपुरी भाषा – 2 [लोग, साहित्य और स्क्रिप्ट]

विदुर द्वारा 31 दिसंबर, 2010 पर पोस्ट
1 Votes

भोजपुरी के लोग

भोजपुरी भाषी क्षेत्र, स्वतंत्रता की वजह इमारत पद के लिए नेताओं को बनाने की परंपरा को अपनी समृद्धभारत ऐसे राष्ट्रपति के रूप में पहले डॉ. राजेंद्र प्रसाद उपाध्याय देव पीछा द्वारा कई प्रख्यात कृष्णा डॉ. नेताओं और humanitarians की तरह, कभी नहीं था साहित्य इसके विहीन के बौद्धिक में स्पष्ट है जो शोहरत. इसके अलावा हमारे पहले राष्ट्रपति राजेंद्र प्रसाद, हमारे दो प्रधानमंत्रियों में से एक से: लाल बहादुर शास्त्री और चंद्रशेखर भी थे मूल रूप से भोजपुरी भाषी लोगों को. कुल क्रांति और प्रख्यात समाजवादी लोक नायक जय प्रकाश नारायण के पिता एक भोजपुरी बोलने वाले व्यक्ति भी था.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, 1st President of India.विकिपीडिया के द्वारा छवि – डॉ. राजेन्द्र प्रसाद

Lal Bahadur Shastriलाल बहादुर शास्त्री – विकिपीडिया के द्वारा छवि

भोजपुरी साहित्य

Bharatendu Harishchandra (1850-1885) Issued by...भारतेन्दु हरिश्चंद्र – विकिपीडिया के द्वारा छवि

भोजपुरी स्वतंत्र हुआ की आधिकारिक भाषा के विकास के आधार में से एक भारत ,हिन्दी सदी पूर्व में. Bhartendu हरिशचंद्र , जो साहित्यिक का पिता माना जाता है हिन्दी , था बहुत प्रभावित क्षेत्र निवासी उसके द्वारा में भोजपुरी की शैली और स्वर . विकास के आगे हिन्दी के रूप में पुरस्कार विजेताओं द्वारा लिया गया था प्रमुख महावीर प्रसाद द्विवेदी और मुंशी प्रेमचंद क्षेत्र से भोजपुरी भाषी भोजपुरी.भिखारी ठाकुर के रूप में शेक्सपियर जाना जाता है, है भी Bidesiya का दिया क्लासिक्स सहित निभाता है थिएटर. पायनियर डॉ. कृष्ण देव उपाध्याय जिले से बलिया लोकगीत भोजपुरी सूचीबद्ध करने के लिए समर्पित 60 साल के लिए और शोध डा.. एच एस उपाध्याय) ऑनलाइन समीक्षा (1996 भोजपुरी में लिखादर्शाया के रूप में किताब रिश्ते की हिंदू परिवार. साथ में वे, उत्तर प्रदेश पूर्वांचल ऑनलाइन समीक्षा, पहेलियों और कहावत से भोजपुरी है हजारों सूचीबद्ध की बिहार , झारखंड और जिलों के निकट बंगाल Nagpuri Chotta.

Premchandमुंशी प्रेमचंद – विकिपीडिया के द्वारा छवि

भोजपुरी साहित्य हमेशा समकालीन बनी हुई है. यह लोक संगीत के साथ लोकगीत के एक शरीर का अधिक था और कविताओं प्रचलित. लिखित रूप में साहित्य जल्दी 20 वीं सदी में शुरू हुई. के दौरान ब्रिटिश युग, तब“भाषा के रूप में जाना” उत्तरी सीमांत प्रांत, भोजपुरी लहजा अपनाया एक देशभक्ति और आजादी के बाद यह समुदाय में बदल गया. भोजपुरी भाषी क्षेत्र के कम आर्थिक विकास के बाद बाद में समय, में, साहित्यिक काम और अधिक मानवीय भावनाओं की ओर skewed है और जीवन के संघर्ष.

हाल के एक प्रकाशन (2009) ‘भोजपुरी लोक साहित्य-: लोक Geeton की सामाजिक Sanskritik Sandarbh Evam Prishthbhumi “(भोजपुरी लोक साहित्य: सामाजिक और लोक गीतों का सांस्कृतिक लैंडस्केप) डॉ. द्वारा Dharmveer सिंह (प्रकाशक: Chaukhamba संस्कृत भवन, पीओ 1160 बॉक्स, चौक, वाराणसी-221001, भारत) विवरण भाषा में सबसे बड़ी इस शोध पर ऐतिहासिक और विस्तृत होता है एक सामाजिक विकास के अस्थायी मूल और पृष्ठभूमि की. इस किताब को अपने दृष्टिकोण में व्यापक है और किसी के लिए एक मणि, जो भोजपुरी में एक भाषा के रूप में दिलचस्पी है. पुस्तक का सबसे प्रभावशाली पहलू लोक गीतों का संग्रह है कि लेखक विभिन्न स्रोतों से gleaned है. आधुनिक प्रौद्योगिकी और सिनेमा के प्रभाव के आगमन के साथ, इन लोक गीतों में विलुप्त हो रहे हैं. इस किताब को न केवल एक लिखित रूप में गाने को बरकरार रखता है, लेकिन यह भी संदर्भ में वे और देखा जाना चाहिए की सराहना करता है.

  • भोजपुरी राइटर्स – Viveki राय लेखक है एक मशहूर भोजपुरी. भिखारी ठाकुर, महेन्द्र Misir और मोती बीए अन्य उल्लेखनीय नाटककारों और कवि हैं. राहुल संकृत्यायन Mahapandit भी भोजपुरी में कुछ किताबें लिखी थी.

पटकथा लेखन

समय के पाठ्यक्रम पर भोजपुरी विभिन्न लोगों द्वारा किया गया है विभिन्न लिपियों में लिखा है. भोजपुरी सदी तक देर से 19 में लिखा गया था आमतौर पर कैथी लिपि के रूप में भी Nasta’liq फ़ारसी) लिपि (.

साहित्य भोजपुरी मेंशन की Bidesia उसकी अति प्राचीन और ठाकुर नहीं किया जा सकता पूरा बिनाभिखारी. हालांकि, यह दुर्भाग्यपूर्ण है कि कोई भी जागरूक करने का प्रयास करने के लिए अपने साहित्य जो विभिन्न लोकगीत में मुख्य रूप से है संरक्षित किया जा रहा है.

हाल के प्रकाशन भोजपुरी ‘- एक लोक साहित्य: सामाजिक Sanskritik Sandarbh Evam Prishthbhumi “(भोजपुरी लोक साहित्य न्यूज) द्वारा की: समाज के लोक और सांस्कृतिक लैंडस्केप डा.Geeton लोक Dharmveer सिंह (प्रकाशक: Chaukhamba संस्कृत भवन, पीओ 1160 बॉक्स, चौक, वाराणसी-221001, भारत) विवरण भाषा में सबसे बड़ी इस शोध पर ऐतिहासिक और विस्तृत होता है एक सामाजिक विकास के अस्थायी मूल और पृष्ठभूमि की. इस किताब को अपने दृष्टिकोण में व्यापक है और किसी के लिए एक मणि, जो भोजपुरी में एक भाषा के रूप में दिलचस्पी है. पुस्तक का सबसे प्रभावशाली पहलू लोक गीतों का संग्रह है कि लेखक विभिन्न स्रोतों से gleaned है. आधुनिक प्रौद्योगिकी और सिनेमा के प्रभाव के आगमन के साथ, इन लोक गीतों में विलुप्त हो रहे हैं. इस किताब को न केवल एक लिखित रूप में गाने को बरकरार रखता है, लेकिन यह भी संदर्भ में वे और देखा जाना चाहिए की सराहना करता है.

कैथी

कैथी लिपि युग मुगल के लिए इस्तेमाल किया गया था प्रशासनिक प्रयोजनों में 20 वीं सदी के बांग्ला, उर्दू, मगही और हिंदी से कम से कम 16 लिखने के लिए भोजपुरी, मैथिली के पहले दशक में सदी तक की. Gazetteers सरकार की रिपोर्ट है कि कुछ एक जिलों कैथी में प्रयोग किया जाता था the1960s.It के माध्यम से बिहार भारत संभव है कि उत्तर कैथी की है क्षमता में बहुत सीमित आज भी इस्तेमाल में ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में और इन जिलोंकैथी महत्व का. बढ़ी जब बंगाल प्रेसीडेंसी (अंग्रेजों की सरकारों की जो बिहार और कुछ दक्षिणी जिलों की नेपाल क्षेत्र था) और पश्चिमोत्तर प्रांत और अवध (इसके बाद, NWP एंड ओ) शिक्षा प्रशासन और में उपयोग के लिए चयनित स्क्रिप्ट स्क्रिप्ट पहले प्रोत्साहन की. लिखित आदत डाल के मानकीकरण किया गया विकास के उद्देश्य के लिए NWP एंड ओ की 1875 से में कैथी सरकार औपचारिक शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में इस्तेमाल के लिए. दूसरे जिलों in1880.Thereafter सरकार द्वारा कैथी चयन की थी बिहार कार्यालयों के प्रशासनिक बिहार के रूप में अदालतों और अधिकारी की लिपि, कैथी प्रतिस्थापित फ़ारसी लिपि बिहार में अदालतों के न्यायिक रिकॉर्ड लेखन प्रणाली के रूप में. इसके अतिरिक्त, कैथी में साक्षरता की दर के कारण, बिहार और NWP एंड ओ की सरकारें अपनी प्राथमिक विद्यालयों में लिखा शिक्षा के माध्यम के रूप में कैथी की वकालत की.

[भोजपुरी लिपि कैथी में कहानी लिखी, 1898 में बाबू राम Smaran लाल ने लिखा]

Nasta’liq (पर्शियन)

1880 से पहले बिहार में सभी प्रशासनिक काम करता है इस फ़ारसी लिपि में किया गया था और संभवतः सभी भोजपुरी भाषी क्षेत्र में शिक्षित मुसलमानों Nasta’liq लिपि में अनौपचारिक काम करता है लिखा था.

[एक 1825 में स्क्रिप्ट पटना में Nasta’liq में अदालत को पत्र लिखा नागरिक]

देवनागरी

1894 तक, सरकारी काम करता है बाहर दोनों कैथी और देवनागरी बिहार में जो शायद कैथी की देवनागरी द्वारा पूरी तरह से बदलने के लिए रास्ता देने शुरू में किए गए. वर्तमान में लगभग सभी काम करता है भोजपुरी देवनागरी में विदेशी द्वीपों जहां भोजपुरी बोली जाती है में भी किया जाता है.

भोजपुरी मीडिया

  • असम में कई भोजपुरी पत्रिका और बंगाल कागजात और प्रकाशित से उत्तर प्रदेश, बिहार पश्चिम.भारतीय रविवार, भोजपुरी पांडे दुनिया है है केवल समाचार पत्रिका में राष्ट्रीय नियमित Onkareshwar द्वारा भोजपुरी प्रकाशित द्वारा संपादित और Planman मीडिया, स्वामित्व चौधरी अरिंदम द्वारा प्रो. Sanesh यह है पत्रिका से उत्तर पूर्व त्रैमासिक पहले गुवाहाटी . भोजपुरी लोक लखनऊ
  • Mahuaa टीवी और Hamar टीवी चैनल कर रहे हैं भोजपुरी.
  • भोजपुरी सिनेमा समाचार और फिल्मों trailers और रिहाई पर उपलब्ध हैhttp://www.bhojpuriyacinema.com

भाषा भोजपुरी [ब्लॉग के बारे में पिछले की तरह मेरी, यह एक लेखन है भी नहीं मेरे मूल. इस ब्लॉग के मुख्य अंश इंटरनेट पर विभिन्न स्रोतों से कर रहे हैं लिया. मैं आभारी हूँ और मेरा आभार व्यक्त. इस कॉपी पेस्ट सामान्य बुद्धि शुद्ध किया गया था के लिए नहीं कर रहे हैं पाठकों, जो अपने आप चाहते हैं लेकिन वे भोजपुरी के बारे में पता करने के लिए भाषा के संदर्भ के लिए भविष्य भी. ]

विदुर

मुंबई – महाराष्ट्र – भारत

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

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www.jaibhojpuri.com / प्रोफ़ाइल VidurChaturved /

28 Years & Two Cricket World Cups


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA                 APRIL 05 , 2011                    01.15 A. M.

It happened 28 years ago. It was in 1983 and I was in my home town Deoria in Uttar Pradesh. It was era of Black & White T V  and we were watching Cricket World Cup being played at Lord’s in London. I still remember the time when Kapil Dev lifted the Worl Cup at the Lord’s , the Mecca of cricket . That World Cup of 1983 and the image of Indian team is still etched in my memory. In those days Sunil Gavaskar was the cricket icon of India but when Kapil Dev lifted the cup , overnight he became the new icon of Indian cricket.

Lords Cricket Ground - London, England

Lords Cricket Ground - London, England

I must and should admit it here that I have no great knowledge of cricket . But I vividly remember the night of 1983 when I was watching the game in my Deoria house along with my family and I saw Kapil Dev emerging in the balcony of Lord’s holding the cup in his hand. A sense of national pride engulfed me.

Wankhede Cricket Stadium, Mumbai , India

Wankhede Cricket Stadium, Mumbai , India

If we look at the history of World Cup and its 9 matches till date, it is quite fascinating. In 1975  West Indies won the cup and defeated Australia by 17 runs. In 1979 West Indies again won the cup by defeating England by 92 runs. Legendary Clive Lloyd , the West Indies captain , was hoping for a hat trick in 1983 but his dreams were shattered by resurgent Indian team , led by Kapil Dev. Madan Lal , Mohinder Amarnath , Balwinder Sandhu and Roger Binny bowled well and were successful in defending a tiny total of 183. Not only West Indies but  no one believed that mighty and two-time winner West Indies could be dismissed for 140. But they were defeated and India won the cup in 1983 and made history.

After this , in 1987 Australia won the cup by defeating England by 7 runs. In 1992 Pakistan became World champion by defeating England by 22 runs. In 1996 Sri Lanka vanquished Australia by 7 wickets and won the cup. She became the third Asian Nation to won the World Cup after India and Pakistan.

But after this victory it was a 3 successive  and epic victories for Australia. She won in 1999 by defeating Pakistan by 8 wickets. Again in 2003 by defeating India by 125 runs. Then again in 2007 she defeated Sri Lanka by 53 runs.

Australia has unique distinction of winning the cup 4 times. Once defeating her arch rival England in 1987 , and then defeating all the previous Asian winners Pakistan , India and Sri Lanka in 1999 , 2003 and 2007 respectively.

Australia won the cup 4 times. West Indies and India 2 times each and Pakistan and Sri Lanks once each. It is still a long wait for England and South Africa.

So in a way it was a long , tiring and heart breaking wait for us too. And after 28 long years we won the cup again by the team led by Mahender Singh Dhoni.

Its time for joyous celebrations. Its time to savour this moment and its time to bask in the glory and I am precisely doing that. So what , if I don’t know the intricacies and nuances of the game enough.

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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Adieu Elizabeth Taylor ; My Childhood Icon


Cropped screenshot of Elizabeth Taylor from th...

Elizabeth Taylor in Cleopatra

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA               APRIL 02 , 2011                      06.45 P. M.

News of the sad demise of Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor , better known as Elizabeth Taylor , a.k.a. Liz Taylor came as a rude shock. She was my childhood icon, my first Hollywood celebrity, who made me familiar with Hollywood film industry. My admiration for her grew when I heard that she demanded and got one million dollars and a hefty percentage of the profit as her remuneration for ” Cleopatra ” [ 1963 ] . I was awestruck and became a huge fan. Her husband Richard Burton was also an icon , whom I used to adore.

Cropped screenshot of Richard Burton and Eliza...

Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor in Cleopatra

Cover of

Cover of Cleopatra

When I went to Allahabad for higher studies in 1969, I started watching Hollywood movies regularly. I used to watch her movies religiously. In those days , when I knew nothing about acting , I was particularly enamoured by her voice and dialogue delivery. Her chiseled face , razor’s edge voice and violet eyes had lasting impression on me and it refuses to subside even after so many years and shall remain a part of me even after her death.

Cropped screenshot of Elizabeth Taylor from th...

Elizabeth Taylor in Father of the Bride

I am unable to say much about her as I don’t know her personally. But few facts of her career are well-known to the world. She was born in London and moved to United States of America during her childhood. There she started working in Hollywood movies as child artiste. Her first movie as child artiste was ” THERE’S ONE BORN IN EVERY MINUTE ” [ 1942 ] . ” LASSIE COME HOME ” [ 1943 ], ” WHITE CLIFFS OF DOVER ” [ 1944 ] and ” NATIONAL VELVET ” [ 1944 ] were some of her hit films as child actor. The last mentioned ” NATIONAL VELVET ” [ 1944 ] was her biggest hit as child actor. She was 12 years old when she worked in this film. During the filming , she fell from the horse and this was the beginning of her lifelong chronic back problem.

Her first adult role was ” CONSPIRATORS ” [ 1949 ]. She got success with her second film ” FATHER OF THE BRIDE ” [ 1950 ] and much critical acclaim with her third film ” A PLACE IN THE SUN ” [ 1951 ] . After this film she was nominated for Oscars 4 times for her following films consecutively  : ” RAINTREE COUNTRY ” [ 1957 ] , ” CAT ON A HOT TIN ROOF ” [ 1958 ] , ” SUDDENLY LAST SUMMER ” [ 1959 ] , ” and BUTTERFIELD 8 ” [ 1960 ]. She got her first Oscar for ” BUTTERFIELD 8 ” [ 1960 ]. Such staggering successes sealed her box office position and she became numero uno in the Hollywood industry. She got her second oscar again for ” WHO IS AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOLF ” [ 1960 ] . In this film she starred opposite her husband and mighty star Richard Burton. Together they starred in 6 more films including ” DR. FAUSTUS ” [ 1967 ] based on the play of Christopher Marlowe. I have seen the film and it is still one of my all time favourites. I was mesmerized by her beauty in some other films like ” REFLECTIONS IN A GOLDEN EYE ” [ 1967 ] , her starrer with Marlon Brando, another favourite of mine.

Her private life was no-less momentous. Her 8 marriages to 7 husbands was talk of the gossip – mongers. I used to read about her charity works in various papers and was always fascinated by her life. But after the above mentioned film with Marlon Brando , I couldn’t follow her films regularly.

It is sad that she is gone . Life is ephemeral . In her later years Elizabeth Taylor was wheel-chair bound. But her zest for life was unparalleled.

I deeply mourn the death of my childhood icon. There shall never be another Elizabeth Taylor in my life again.

Adieu Ms. Taylor ! You shall always be fondly remembered .

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

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