55th Anniversary of Tibet Uprising


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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           MARCH 12 , 2014           11.55 P.M.

Map of Greater Tibet with Amdo & Kham , the Cultural & Historical Provinces of Tibet

Map of Greater Tibet with Amdo & Kham , the Cultural & Historical Provinces of Tibet

It was  Tibetan Uprising Day  on March 10 . To commemorate the historic 1959 Tibetan uprising against the presence of the Han rulers of  People’s Republic of China in Tibet ,  Students for a Free Tibet and other Tibetan groups observe Tibetan Uprising Day on March 10 every year . I am posting this blog two days later . I took this deliberate step because I did not want my views to get submerged in the plethora of articles , protests and other activities in support of Tibet . So to make my point clear , to make my voice heard and to tell everyone that in the struggle for freedom , I stand with my Tibetan brothers , sisters , friends and well-wishers , I am posting this blog today , 2 days later .

Protesting Tibetans

Protesting Tibetans

The 1959 Tibetan uprising , or 1959 Tibetan Rebellion began on 10 March 1959 , when a revolt erupted in Lhasa , the capital of Tibet , which had been under the control of the Communist Party of China since the Seventeen Point Agreement in 1951 . Although the 14th Dalai Lama‘s flight from Tibet occurred in 1959 , armed conflict between Tibetan and the Chinese army started in 1956 in the Kham and Amdo regions , which were subjected to socialist reform . The guerrilla warfare later spread to other areas of Tibet and lasted through 1962 .

To know the chronology of events of those epoch-making days , we have to re – visit the pages of the history books of Tibet . All the students of Tibetan history and persons sympathetic to Tibet’s cause know it in detail . On 1 March 1959 , an unusual invitation was extended to the 14th Dalai Lama to attend a theatrical performance at the Chinese military headquarters outside Lhasa . The date was set for 10th March . The Chinese Army officers insisted that the Dalai Lama would not be accompanied by his traditional armed escort , and that no public ceremony for the Dalai Lama’s procession from the palace to the camp should take place . Chinese Army officers insisted that they would handle the Dalai Lama’s security .

According to historian Tsering Shakya, some Tibetan government officials feared that plans were being laid for the abduction of the Dalai Lama by the Chinese , and spread word amongst the inhabitants of Lhasa . On 10 March 1959 , thousand of Tibetans surrounded the Dalai Lama’s Potala Palace to prevent him from leaving or being removed.

This marked the beginning of the uprising , which is known to the world as 1959 Tibetan uprising .

Potala Palace of Dalai Lama in Lhasa

Potala Palace of Dalai Lama in Lhasa

On 12 March, protesters appeared in the streets of Lhasa declaring Tibet’s independence. Barricades went up on the streets of Lhasa, and Chinese and Tibetan rebel forces began to fortify positions within and around Lhasa in preparation for conflict. Chinese and Tibetan troops continued moving into position over the next several days, with Chinese artillery pieces being deployed within range of the Dalai Lama’s summer palace, the Norbulingka.

On 15 March , preparations for the Dalai Lama’s evacuation from the city were set in motion , with Tibetan troops being employed to secure an escape route from Lhasa. On 17 March, two artillery shells landed near the Dalai Lama’s palace , triggering his flight into exile.

Potala Palace of Dalai Lama in Lhasa

On 19 March the Chinese started to shell the Norbulingka , prompting the full force of the Uprising . Combat lasted only about two days, with poorly armed Tibetan forces being badly outnumbered . The failure of the armed rebellion ultimately resulted in a violent crackdown on Tibetan independence movements, and the flight of the 14th Dalai Lama ,  Tenzin Gyatso into exile.

It is unfortunate that while Tibet was subjugated , the world looked the other way . My own country maintained stoic silence . World leaders , who cry vociferously for Palestine and other suppressed regions of the world , remained passive spectators . U. N. O. [ United Nations Organization ] did nothing . In fact they rewarded China with the permanent membership of the Security Council of the U.N.O.

It is wrong to say that China occupies only Tibet . Chinese hegemonic behaviour and her greed for expansion is apparent to every one . Tibet with Amdo and Kham , East Turkestan [ re – named as Xinxiang ] , Inner Mongolia and Manchuria , all the so-called Autonomous regions of China were once independent countries and have been captured by Chinese hegemonic , expansionist communist government . But these regions remained adamant and refused to shed their nationalistic feelings and even after decades of occupation and subjugation , they are still restive and struggling for independence .

Map of Free Tibet

If you remove these areas from People’s Republic of China , you will be shocked to see the remaining China . The map posted below is the map of real China and I firmly believe that it will definitely happen one day . I pray to God that it should happen sooner than later . I want to see it in my life time .

 The Map of Red China with Annexed Tibet , East Turkestan & Inner Mongolia

The Map of Red China with Annexed Tibet , East Turkestan & Inner Mongolia

On the occasion of the 55th  Tibetan Uprising Day , I pray for the independence of Tibet and end of the suffering of my Tibetan brothers , sisters , friends and well – wishers .

Vidur Acting Institute Logo

FACEBOOK main

On behalf of all the students and staff of VIDUR Acting Institute , I express my solidarity with my brothers and sisters of Tibet .

VIDUR Editing Studio , VIDUR Club and VIDUR Theatre would also like to wish them victory in their struggle for freedom from oppression and tyranny .

[ As usual , I have culled some facts about the uprising , relevant dates and name of the personalities related to the uprising from the Wikipedia . I express my gratitude . ]

VIDUR

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Tibet Burns & World Sleeps


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           NOVEMBER 08 , 2012           11.40 P.M.

I wrote about Tibet and the struggle of Tibetan people during Losar and then on August 15 , 2012 . I never thought that Tibet will keep on burning like this and Tibetan people will be left at the mercy of Government of China , leaders of the People’s Republic of China and the ruthless Red Army . Tibet went from one self – immolation to another without a word of sympathy from the world community . Our own political leaders , pseudo – secular intellectuals and leftist – liberal opinion – makers are feigning ignorance or following an ostrich policy .

English: A simple map of the three traditional...

A simple map of the three traditional provinces of Tibet overlaid on a map of modern provincial boundaries of the People’s Republic of China. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Areas in which concentrations of ethnic Tibeta...

Areas in which concentrations of ethnic Tibetans live within China. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

An SVG map of China with the Tibet autonomous ...

SVG map of China with the Tibet autonomous region highlighted Legend: Image:China map legend.png (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I am posting a letter , which I got today via e-mail . It tells the tragic tales of Tibet and unabated self – immolation .

8 November 2012

Dear Friends,

I am sorry to write again so soon but it is impossible not to share with you the deeply distressing news that in the last 24 hours at least five, probably six, Tibetans have self-immolated in Tibet. Confirmed reports say that on 7 November a 23-year old nomad mother Tamdin Tso (right) set light to herself and died in Rebkong, Amdo, whilst in Ngaba three teenage monks did the same; 15-year old Dorjee died and the fate of two 16-year olds, Samdup and Dorjee Kyabone remains uncertain. There are further reports that a Tibetan man staged a self-immolation protest in Driru, Central Tibet, yesterday but no details are available. And just this morning there was another such protest and death, again in Rebkong, by a young man named Kalsang Jinpa.

It’s clear that this overwhelming surge in self-immolation protests is directly linked to the opening of China’s Communist Party Congress today, at the end of which Xi Jinping and his fellow Politburo Standing Committee members will be named. Hard on the heels of the US Presidential election, this is a very different political process. As Willy Lam, noted academic and China commentator wrote in Foreign Policy, “Sorry, folks: The votes are in, and the ballots have already been counted.”

Xi Jinping 习近平

Xi Jinping 习近平 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Let’s make no mistake, the only people to blame for this self-immolation crisis are China’s leaders, who have been responsible for imposing decades of failed policies in Tibet, and creating a situation where ever-increasing numbers of Tibetans feel they have no other recourse than to take such drastic action in protest. China’s leadership could stop this crisis if it was to genuinely address Tibetan grievances; and our governments could be doing much, much more to focus the attention of China’s government on the severity of the situation in Tibet.

I was sitting in the office of my Acting Institute , when I got the mail . I was saddened . I was numb . I felt helpless . I feel that I am impotent and can do nothing in this regard .

But yes , I can condemn this apathy of the world . I can denounce the silence of the world community . I am appalled at the behaviour of the eminent world leaders .

I , along with the students and staff of Vidur’s Kreating Charakters , unequivocally condemn the People’s Republic of China and her brutal leaders .

VIDUR

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An Appeal for Independent Tibet On Our Independence Day


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           AUGUST 15, 2012           10.30 P.M.

[ This is not my blog . I got this mail today from Mr. Alison Reynolds , the Executive Director , International Tibet Network Secretariat . It is a moving appeal for the cause of Tibet and I am posting it on my blog space so that my friends and followers of the blog can know the true picture of today’s Tibet and can take a decision to support INDEPENDENT TIBET . ]

English: A simple map of the three traditional...

A simple map of the three traditional provinces of Tibet overlaid on a map of modern provincial boundaries of the People’s Republic of China. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Areas in which concentrations of ethnic Tibeta...

Areas in which concentrations of ethnic Tibetans live within China. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Tibet Flag

Tibet Flag (Photo credit: DickStock)

Tibetan people in traditional clothes with a T...

Tibetan people in traditional clothes with a Tibetan flag parade proudly for World Peace, near Verizon Center where Kalachakra is being given by His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Washington D.C., USA (Photo credit: Wonderlane)

English: The expression

The expression “Free Tibet” in four different Tibetan script styles traditionally and commonly used by Tibetans. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This is a crucial moment. Please help us to double support for Stand Up for Tibet.

One year ago 29-year old monk Tsewang Norbu set light to himself and died in Tawu, eastern Tibet. Although not the first self-immolation in Tibet – Tapey, in February 2009 was followed two years later by Phuntsok in March 2011 – this was our first realization that those fiery protests were not isolated incidents, and that what we were witnessing unfold in Tibet was a tragedy of enormous proportions.

Unbelievably, there have now been almost 50 confirmed self-immolations in Tibet; a staggering 36 since 1 January 2012 and five in the past 10 days alone. At least 39 of all these protestors have died from their burns.

Something different is happening in Tibet. Over 60 years of occupation, periods of Tibetan resistance have been crushed by China’s military forces. But trying to stop individuals who are determined to set light to themselves must be akin to trying to stop grains of sand running through their fingers. And more than that, China is also now discovering that its military might is unable to prevent mass gatherings of Tibetans, whether they are praying for those self-immolating or engaging in more challenging acts of protest.

On Monday several Tibetans were brutally beaten, one possibly fatally, after a protest erupted in the immediate aftermath of the twin self-immolations by Tashi and Lungtok in Ngaba, Amdo. And as I write this message, a mass demonstration is taking place in Rebkong, Amdo, with several hundred Tibetans gathered outside the police station to protest against the unprovoked beating of four Tibetans by drunken police.

I’m writing to ask that you continue to stand with Tibet. Although we feel heartbroken by the news of each passing self-immolation, the Tibetan people need our support now more than ever. We mustn’t lose focus. Now is the time to double our efforts, in raising awareness and pressing for political action, because we’re making an impact. 

Tibetans in Tibet are not alone. They have your support and your pledge to Stand Up for Tibet. And the Tibet movement has made important progress towards our main objectives.

* Tibet Groups around the world have delivered your pledge and worked hard to press governments to publicly express concern. Many of the world’s most influential governments have spoken out, including at sessions of the United Nations Human Rights Council. In early September, as the United Nations General Assembly and Human Rights Council prepare to meet, we’ll be calling for an International Advocacy Day and will send you more details soon.

* Our demand for governments to act together for Tibet is gradually gaining traction. We were delighted to see that US Congressmen Frank Wolf and James McGovern wrote to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton this week, calling for “stronger, more coordinated, visible international diplomatic steps with regard to the People’s Republic of China’s policies and practices towards Tibetans.” Read the full letter here.

* A number of key governments have strongly pressed China allow access to the region, including the European Union and Australia. China has agreed that the UN Human Rights Commissioner can visit Tibet as part of a wider visit to China, but no dates have been agreed. Online advocacy group Avaaz joined this campaign and nearly 700,000 people signed an appeal for governments to demand urgent access to Tibet.

* Tibet Groups have generated significant media coverage of the self-immolations, and made a huge effort to raise public awareness, staging coordinated actions and protests around the globe on a regular basis over the last 12 months.

On this anniversary of Tsewang Norbu’s self-immolation, I am writing to ask each and every one of you to undertake to get one more person to sign the Stand Up for Tibet pledge, and help us to double the support for Tibetans in Tibet to more than 100,000 people. Let’s respond to this rapid increase in self-immolations in Tibet with a huge increase in those pledging to take action, to help Tibetans realise their dreams for freedom and for the return of His Holiness to Tibet.

Many, many thanks for your support,

Alison Reynolds
Executive Director, International Tibet Network Secretariat

[ My friends , look at the face of this Tibetan girl . She needs her country back from the tyrannical rule of China . Please let her not grow under oppression and slavery .]

Tibet Girl

Tibet Girl (Photo credit: Kenno_mcdonnell)

[ I am posting this appeal on the 66th Independence day of our country . Tibet also needs her independence like us . Think and spare some time for this cause . ]

 

English: We are all Palestinian - Tibetans

China and Tibetans (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

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Don’t Have Heart to Say Happy Losar My Tibetan Friends !


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           FEBRUARY 22 , 2012           02.45 A.M.

Today , it is the Tibetan New Year ; known as Losar . This , the most important festival of Tibet , is celebrated in Tibetan diaspora with great fervour and festivity .

The Gompa being performed in Lachung during th...

Gompa Dance on the Occasion of Losar

Basically a pre – Buddhist tradition of Bon era , Losar later on became the most important Buddhist festival during the reign of the 9th king of Tibet . Celebrated in Tibet for 15 days , Losar is also celebrated in various parts of India and Nepal , where Buddhist population is concentrated .

It is natural to wish our Tibetan friends on this auspicious occasion . But till date 26 Tibetans have died for the cause of independent Tibet . Some of these martyrs are even teenagers . When almost everyday news is tickling out of OCCUPIED TIBET that young boys and girls are self – immolating themselves and world is watching with stoic silence , how can you celebrate New Year ? Even if you would like to wish Tibetan brothers and sisters on the occasion of Losar , how on earth you would wish them , when a teenager self – immolated himself just 2/3 days ago ? How there could be a happy Losar when Potala Palace is without HH Dalai Lama  and Tibet has become a virtual prison ?

Potala Palace of Dalai Lama in Lhasa

At least I don’t have heart to say Happy Losar my Tibetan friends . I am ashamed that I live in a world where no one cares for young , teenager Tibetan monk‘s lives . I am anguished that my country and most of my countrymen are either silent or ignorant of the happenings in Tibet .

I think it my duty to educate my countrymen about the Tibetan cause . In spite of being a non – entity , I would strive to ignite a flame among the ignorant youngsters of India for the independence of Tibet . I wish to state through this blog that , though I would love to visit Kailash and Mansarovar Lake for pilgrimage but I don’t wish to visit these two holy places as long as Tibet ia under illegal occupation of Peoples Republic of China . I wish to visit Kailash and Mansarovar Lake on Tibetan visa . It seems implausible at present but 25 years back no one even thought that USSR [ Union of Soviet Socialist Republic ] would be dissolved and instead of one monolithic state there will be 15 independent , sovereign countries .

Mount Kailas

Mount Kailash

Lake Manasarovar

If USSR could dissolve , if Eastern Europe could be free from the communism , so could be Peoples Republic of China . My friends , Independent , sovereign Tibet will be reality very soon .

Map of Cultural & Historical Tibet with Amdo & Kham

My friends , I have no heart to wish you on this New Year . I have only prayers for Independent , Sovereign and Unified Greater Tibet .

VIDUR

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Bleeding Tibet , Silent India & Indifferent World


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           FEBRUARY 08 , 2012           02.15 A.M.

Tibet is in turmoil again . In the month of February 3 more monks immolated themselves . It brings total number of self – immolated monks to 19 . I am greatly pained by the news of self – immolation of monks . My grief propelled me more to write this blog , when I went through the following post :

The Tibet Post International

[ Dharamshala: A Tibetan woman died on Monday after setting herself on fire in Ngaba county of eastern Tibet.

Ven. Kanyak Tsering, of Kirti monastery’s ‘mirror’ institution in Dharamsala, India, told the Tibet Post, “Tenzin Wangmo, a 20-year-old Buddhist nun from Dechen Choekor Ling Nunnery in Jakorma, Ngaba county, staged a self-immolation protest at the Sumdo bridge below the nunnery, about 3 km from the county town.

” She shouted ‘Let His Holiness the Dalai Lama return to Tibet!’, and ‘We Want Religious freedom in Tibet!,’ then set herself on fire and marched for about eight minutes.”
Wangmo is the first Tibetan woman from the region to self-immolate in protest against Chinese atrocities against the Tibetan people.

Witnesses say other nuns from Dechen Choekor Ling refused to hand over Wangmo’s body to the Chinese authorities.

“Since no armed military forces and police personnel were present at the protest site,” said Ven. Tsering, “her body was taken back by nuns.”

“Local Chinese authorities demanded that the nun’s body either be handed over or buried the same day,” he continued, “but we have not been able to learn what happened after that.

” Shortly afterwards, soldiers and police deployed, and sealed off the nunnery and surrounding villages.”

Dechen Choekor Ling nunnery, also known as Mama nunnery, is situated around 4km northwest of Ngaba county town. It belongs to the Gelug sect of Tibetan Buddhism and is the largest nunnery in Ngaba, with a community of 350 nuns.

Prior to Wangmo’s death, the last self-immolation attempt took place on Saturday when a 19-year-old man set himself alight in the central market in Ngaba town.

According to sources inside Tibet, another Tibetan man who committed a self-immolation protest on October 15 has been removed from Ngaba county, but details of his present whereabouts and state of health are unknown.

Tibetan shops and restaurants in the county remained closed on October 16 in solidarity with the protest.

In a separate incident on Sunday, two Tibetans, Gonga and Druklo, were shot and wounded by security forces during a peaceful protest outside a police station at Tseshul in Serthar, Karze, eastern Tibet.

During the protest, five other Tibetans were arrested: Rindhoe (age 26), Choega (23) Bori (19) Rigzoe (18) and Tsewang Kyi (19).

The Chinese government has now deployed heavy-armed forces in Tseshul.

A total of nine Tibetans have self-immolated within Tibet in protest against Chinese rule and continued repression in the Himalayan region.

Several events, including mass prayers, rallies and candlelight vigils, organised by Tibetans and supporters around the world, have highlighted the situation. ]

Protesting Tibetans

Last couple of months were really traumatic for Tibet . China’s brutal reign in occupied Tibet continues unabated and her tyranny goes on un – challenged . World community remain mute spectator . Liberals of the world make noises about even obscure countries of the world but when it comes to Tibet and Chinese brutal regime there , they look elsewhere or feign ignorance .

Flag of Tibet

Flag of Tibet

Most of the people in India and the world , who though sympathise with Tibet , do not know that current map of Tibet is incomplete . Amdo and Kham are not shown in the current map of so – called Tibetan Autonomous Region . Tibet is not complete and can never be complete without Amdo and Kham regions , which were annexed by China and are now merged with the other provinces of China . When I talk about Tibet , it is not only about the current Tibet , which is known to Tibetan people as U – Tsang . When I talk about Tibet , it includes U – Tsang , Amdo and Kham , all the three provinces of Tibet .

An SVG map of China with the Tibet autonomous ...

Map of Present Day Tibet Without Amdo & Kham

Truncated Tibet in The Map of China - Without Amdo & Kham

If you read the history , you will come to know that U-Tsang , Amdo and Kham are the three regions , which constitute cultural and historical Tibet. These days only U-Tsang is known as Tibet or the so – called Tibetan Autonomous Region [ TAR ] of China . Amdo , the North – Eastern part of cultural Tibet , is ethnically and culturally a Tibetan area . In 1928 Amdo was incorporated into the Chinese rule and thus became part of Qinghai province of the Republic of China of the Nationalists . In 1952 Amdo became part of the Peoples Republic of China of Communists . And the tyranny of Communists started and still continues unabated .

English: A simple map of the three traditional...

Map of Tibet with Amdo & Kham

Map of Cultural & Historical Tibet with Amdo & Kham

Kham , also a part of cultural Tibet , officially became a Chinese province in 1939 . It is now divided between present – day Tibetan Autonomous Region [ TAR ] , Sichuan , Yunnan and Qinghai provinces of China .

Tibet , the highest region on earth , first emerged as an empire in the 7th century .Though as per the myth , humans inhabited Tibetan plateau 21,000 years ago . In 7th century Songtsan Gampo , the first historical king of Tibet , unified all the provinces of Tibet and founded Tibetan Empire . His first wife was Princess of Nepal and the second one was Princess of China , niece of powerful Tang emperor . If Tibet was always a part of China , as claimed by the Communist rulers of China , how come the Tibetan king married a Chinese princess ? How come powerful Tang King of China agreed to this union ?

In fact Tibetan empire was so vast that it included several Chinese provinces also . In 821 / 822 CE China signed a peace treaty with Tibet and thus acknowledged the sovereignty of Tibet . This treaty clearly defines the border of two nations . From Tang Dynasty to Yuan Dynasty , Tibet remained a sovereign and independent nation .

During the time of Phagmodrupa Dynasty in 1578 , Sonam Gyatso was named as Dalai Lama . Dalai is the Mongolian translation of Gyatso , meaning ocean .

Trouble started during Qing Dynasty . They annexed Amdo and Kham regions of Tibet and merged them into Chinese Empire and sent their Resident Commissioner to Lhasa . But supremacy of H.H. Dalai Lama continued even during Qing rule over Tibet . Tibet was not a province of China even during Qing Dynasty .

Qing Dynasty tried to annex Tibet completely only in 1910 during the reign of 13th Dalai Lama . He took shelter in British India . When Qing Dynasty was overthrown and Chinese troops were driven out of Tibet , 13th Dalai Lama proclaimed himself Ruler of Tibet and refused to accept any Chinese suzerainty . 13 th Dalai Lama ruled Tibet for 36 years .

After defeating Kuomintang government and after taking control of China , Communist rulers started flexing their muscles again . In 1950 Peoples Republic of China incorporated Tibet and negotiated 17 Point Agreement with the 14th Dalai Lama [ Present HH Dalai Lama ] .

In 1959 HH Dalai Lama took refuge in India and stablished Tibetan Government – In – Exile .

Since then , Chinese oppression continues in Tibet . Almost 20,0000 Tibetans got killed during Great Leap Forward and about 6,000 monasteries were destroyed during Cultural Revolution .

Communist China tried hard to convince the world community of its noble intentions in Tibet . But spate of self – immolation show the true situation of Tibet and her tyrannical rule in Tibet . Following map shows the annexed countries and world community should try to liberate these countries from the illegal rule of China .

The Map of Red China with Annexed Tibet , East Turkestan & Inner Mongolia

Tibet’s liberation and freedom of other annexed countries would be beneficial for the world and the true Han China , as shown in the following map , will be very conducive for the world peace .

Original Han China

I pray for liberation of Tibet and wish to see independent Tibet in my life time .

Map of Free Tibet

These are very basic information , which are known to every Tibetan . I wrote this for the Indian people , who though , support the cause of independent Tibet , don’t know the facts and history of Tibet .

[ For this blog I have taken some information from WIKIPEDIA and other internet postings . Some News Paper reporting were also of much help .  I have re – produced a posting of  ” The Tibet Post International ” . I express my gratitude . ]

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H.H. DALAI LAMA is 75


I have no class today. I am working with only two of my private students , who are coming to me for the preparation of their forthcoming films. One is the daughter of a matinée idol and the other is the son of a very successful director and soon he is going to be launched by Mr. Karan Johar. After finishing their class , as I was sitting in my office on this soggy and dull evening, I suddenly remembered that this month on July 07, 2010, His Holiness Dalai Lama turned 75. I wanted to write about the event on the same day but I missed the opportunity because of my hectic and busy schedule. Barkha Dutt of NDTV 24×7 went to Dharamsala that day and interviewed His Holiness. I missed the telecast also because of my schedule. On this particular day, I suddenly remembered the event and decided to express my views immediately.

Ever since I started reading books, I was very fascinated by history. History of India and her neighbouring countries always fascinated me. While still in High School, I started studying Ancient Indian History. I was mesmerized by our culture and its all-powerful, all-encompassing  and enduring sway on the various parts of the world. Mystic Tibet and the influence of Buddhism on her culture and history,fascinated me the most. During my childhood I had gone to Mussoorie, a hill station of Uttar Pradesh (now Uttarakhand ) with my family. My father told me that H.H. Dalai Lama lives near by and we should go and meet him. I asked my father about H.H. and then he told me about the Chinese occupation of Tibet and the struggle going on there for the independent Tibet.We couldn’t go to meet H.H. but I started reading about the history of Tibet and her relationship with India.

The present Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the 14th Dalai Lama. Tibet is an ancient nation and enjoyed sovereignty till the communist government , headed by Mao Zedong, established its regime in China. After defeating and easing out Kuomintang government of Chiang Kai Shek , out of mainland China and after firmly establishing himself, Mao Zedong, started spreading his tentacles to Tibet and slowly started claiming that historically Tibet is part of Greater China and that she was never a sovereign nation. In 1950 China attacked Tibet. Peoples Liberation Army invaded Tibetan area of Chamdo. Forced by this brutal attack, Tibet signed 17 point agreement with China and accepted Chinese sovereignty over Tibet in 1951.

After this infamous 17 point agreement, China separated Tibetan region of eastern Kham and put it under direct control in Sichuan province. Western Kham was also separated and put under Chamdo Military Committee. Though , in 1956 there was unrest in Eastern and Western Kham but it was brutally suppressed by Chinese army. Freedom struggle by Tibetan continued unabated and finally in 1959 Peoples Liberation Army started its infamous crackdown in Kham. This finally fuelled Lhasa Uprising and full-scale war was started in Tibet. Chinese forces struck with all its might and war was crushed. Fearing Dalai Lama’s arrest, Tibetan government decided that he should take shelter in India. Protected by few loyal followers, H. H. Dalai Lama left Lhasa and after arduous and risky journey ,took refuge in India. Along with H.H., India accepted more than 1 Lakh refugees and Tibetan government-in-exile was stablished in Dharamsala.

Potala Palace of Dalai Lama in Lhasa

Potala Palace of Dalai Lama in Lhasa

After Dalai Lama’s escape , China stablished her iron-like grip over Tibet and gradually started destroying Tibetan culture. Between 1959 and 1961 more than 6000 monasteries of Tibet were destroyed. Tibetan culture and traditions was systematically undermined and Hans from China were encouraged to settle in Tibet in large numbers. In 1965 the area under Dalai Lama’s control was renamed Tibet Autonomous Region. By proclamation , Tibet became an autonomous region, but the actual power was always held by the First Secretory of Tibetan Autonomous Region committee of Chinese Communist Party, who has never been a Tibetan. A Han of Chinese origin always held the position.

This is brief and very basic history of Tibet and Tibet’s subjugation and oppression by China. There is mute support by  world community for the independence of Tibet but it is half-hearted. Though Dalai Lama got Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 and then there were widespread protests against Chinese rule in 2008, but because of the lack of political will of world leaders and world community, Tibet’s voice is crushed and she remains under Chinese occupation and shackles.

H. H. Dalai Lama is now 75 and this is occasion for celebration. This is also true that he is the only hope of Tibet and  130,000 Tibetan exiles in India. Crushed and tortured Tibetans, living in Tibet also look to him for guidance and inspiration. China is cunningly waiting  and eyeing for the post !4th Dalai Lama era. Time is running out . World community has to act soon and fast. India has special interest in Tibet because our holy places like Mount Kailash and holy Manasarovar Lake, are  situated in Tibet.

Lake Manasarovar

Mount Kailas

Mount Kailash

Tibet’s liberation is need of the hour and on this happy occasion of Dalai Lama’s 75th birth day, we should take this pledge that we will always aspire and pray for the liberation of Tibet.

Long live Independent Tibet !!

vidur

Mumbai

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51st Anniversary Of Tibetan Uprising


Today ( March 10 ) is the 51st anniversary of Tibetan uprising. On the same day 51 years ago, Chinese forces occupied Tibet forcibly and started their brutal and unholy rule and HH Dalai Lama had to leave his country with his followers and took shelter in India. Potala Palace remains vacant ever since, silently waiting for HH 14th Dalai Lama’s return.

Though I was only a toddler at the time of Tibetan uprising, but the event stayed in my psyche forever. It happened in 1959. Then I was just a 7-year-old boy. But I always heard my father talking about it. So the brutal suppression of Tibetan people became a part of me and my personality. And an independent Tibet became my goal and aspiration.

Let me dwell a bit on the history of Tibet for the present generation. Tibet was always an independent nation. She had close and warm relationship with India. Before her unholy subjugation, India used to manage Post & Telegraph department in Tibet. We had centuries old cultural relationship and ties. Kailash and Mansarovar, two very holy places of Hindu religion, are there in Tibet. After red star rose in China and after Mao took over reigns of China and became unquestioned leader of the country, Communists started claiming that Tibet is a part of China. Slowly but very steadily they started moving ahead in that direction. After making provocative noises and statements in every international forums, Chinese Peoples Liberation Army moved into Tibet and took control. Suppression and subjugation of Tibetan people started and Chinese government started controlling every aspect and spheres of Tibetan population. Strangely the international community kept quiet. HH Dalai Lama left Tibet along with his chosen followers and came to India. Ever since he is here in Dharamshala and runs Tibetan government in exile. It is brief and layman’s information about Tibet.

51 years have passed since then. Han Chinese are being brought in hordes and are being settled in Tibet. Ethnic Tibetan culture is forbidden and their tradition is ridiculed and curbed. Communist China is hoping that one day ethnic Tibetans will be in minority and they could subjugate Tibet forever and perpetuate their hegemony. The introduction of railway is a sinister step in that direction.

World is still silent and watching hopelessly. Younger generation is almost oblivious of the trials and travails of Tibetan nation. Are we not going to see independent Tibet in our life ? I firmly believe, I will. I am 57-year-old, but I believe and firmly believe that before my death I will see an independent Tibet. Tibet’s cause is not lost. Millions of Indians believe like me.

Long live HH Dalai Lama !!

Long live independent Tibet !!

Vidur

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