100th Year of Formation of Bihar


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           AUGUST 08, 2012         01. 15 A.M.

This year in 2012 Bihar is celebrating 100 years of its existence as a province of India . Before 1912 Bihar was included in the erstwhile Bengal Presidency of British Indian Empire .

But Bihar’s history is much older that the British Indian Empire and even the rule of Afghans and Mughals .

Ancient Bihar (which consisted of Anga, Videha/Mithila, Magadha and Vajji/Vrijji) was a centre of power , learning and culture in ancient and classical India . From Magadha arose India’s first and greatest empire , the Maurya empire as well as one of the world’s most widely adhered-to religions , Buddhism . Magadha empires , notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties , unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule . Its capital Patna , earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important centre of Indian civilization . Nalanda and Vikramshila were centres of learning established in the 5th and 8th century respectively in Bihar , and are counted amongst the oldest and truly international universities , where people from all over the world came to study. Bihar has distinction of giving the world its first democracy through Lichchivi Ganarajya [ modern-day Vaishali district ] during ancient era . Though today , for some , Vaishali is more associated with Aamrapali , than with democracy . But for lovers of history , Vaishali will always be known as the epicentre of the FIRST PARLIAMENT OF THE WORLD .

I am posting few maps , which amply make clear the importance of Bihar and its significant contribution to the cultural ethos of India . From the mythological Magadh of Jarasandh and Anga of Karna of Mahabharata era , to the Maurya period and Chankya era and to the Golden Age of Guptas , Bihar has seen it all .

The approximate extent of the Magadha Empire i...

The approximate extent of the Magadha Empire in the 5th century BC. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The ‘16 Great Nations’; Anga is the easternmos...

The ‘16 Great Nations’; Anga is the easternmost, south of Vrijji and east of Magadha (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Nanda Empire at its greatest extent under ...

The Nanda Empire at its greatest extent under Dhana Nanda circa 323 BC. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Chandragupta's empire when he founded it c. 32...

Chandragupta’s empire when he founded it c. 320 BCE, by the time he was about 20 years old. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Chandragupta Maurya's empire in 305 BC after h...

Chandragupta Maurya’s empire in 305 BC after his conflict with Seleucus Nicator. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Maurya Empire after Bindusara's death 269.

The Maurya Empire after Bindusara’s death 269. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ashoka the Great subdued Kalinga, during the K...

Ashoka the Great subdued Kalinga, during the Kalinga War circa 265 BC, and the southern kingdoms. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: A map of the Maurya Dynasty, showing ...

English: A map of the Maurya Dynasty, showing major cities, early Buddhist sites, Ashokan Edicts, etc. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pataliputra as a capital of Gupta Empire. Appr...

Pataliputra as a capital of Gupta Empire. Approximate greatest extent of the Gupta Empire. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Patliputra as a capital of Sunga Empire. Appro...

Patliputra as a capital of Sunga Empire. Approximate greatest extent of the Sunga Empire (circa 185 BCE). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

After the end of this glorious and ancient chapter and after the end of not so significant Afghan and Mughal era , East India Company conquered large parts of northern India and became the de – facto rulers . After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer, and collect revenue or tax) for Bihar, Bengal and Orissa , [ now Odisha ] . The rich resources of fertile land , water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign imperialists , particularly the Dutch and British , in the 18th century . Bihar remained a part the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912 , when the province of Bihar and Orissa [ now Odisha ] was carved out as a separate province . Since 2010, Bihar has celebrated its birthday as Bihar Diwas on 22 March . In 1935 , certain portions of Bihar were reorganised into the separate province of Orissa [ now Odisha ] .

Map of United Bihar

Map of United Bihar

In 2000 , Bihar was divided into two and North part of undivided Bihar became Bihar and the Southern part was carved as a separate province and is now known as Jharkhand .

Bihar of Present Day

Bihar of Present Day

After partition , present day Bihar is the 12th largest state of India in terms of geographical size and 3rd largest in population . Apart from Hindi , Bihar is the home of some of the dialects of Hindi , like ; Bhojpuri , Magadhi , Maithili , Angika and Vajjika . For administrative purposes Bihar is divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts .

Location of Bihar in India

Location of Bihar in India

After independence and under the rule of Chief Ministers like ; Krishna Sinha and Anugrah Narayan Sinha , Bihar for some time , basked in the old glory of Patliputra . But it suffered a lot during the rule of Congress in later years . During the 15 year rule of Lalu Prasad Yadav and his wife Rabdi Devi , Bihar reached at its nadir . Lawlessness and anarchy ruled supreme . Day time murders became order of the day . Ransom became a respectable business . Reputation of Chankya’s Bihar and Chandragupta Maurya’s Patliputra was massacred and mutilated by RJD’s Lalu Prasad Yadav . It was further defaced and defiled by his inefficient wife Rabdi Devi .

After all the turmoil and tribulations , Bihar finally rejected RJD of Lalu and elected BJP , JD [ U ] combine in 2005 . Bihar is now marching ahead under the NDA rule . After Gujarat , now it is the second fastest growing state of India .

I am happy that in the centenary year of its existence , Bihar is shedding its infamous and nefarious image and gaining international respectability and appreciation . Bharatiya Janata Party and Janata Dal [ United ] combine deserve kudos for that . Though it is still miles behind of other states but definitely it is moving ahead and moving fast . May this centenary year be the golden year of Bihar .

I am happy because I have my roots in Bihar . My forefathers originally hailed from the state and only later on they migrated to Uttar Pradesh .

[ Some facts and figures of Bihar have been taken from Wikipedia . I express my gratitude . ]

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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Vidur’s Travel Diary – 13 : Varanasi


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           JULY 03 , 2012           01.15 A.M.

Varanasi or Benaras or Kasi or Kashi , this old and perennial city of India , which symbolises Hindu ethos and its timeless tradition , is a new metropolis , yet it existed and started its journey several millennium ago . As per tradition and folklore it is 5000 years old city . Its mythical and cultural name is Kashi . Rigveda mentions this city as Kasi or Kashi . During British era the name was changed and the city came to be known as Benaras . After independence the city was rechristened as Varanasi . Varuna and Assi are two rivers , which caress the city from two sides , hence the city was rechristened as Varanasi .

Varanasi predates history . It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of the world and the oldest city in India . As per Hindu mythology this city rests on the trident of Bhagwan Shiva . This city is closely associated with the legendary Raja Harishchandra , an ancestor of Bhagwan Ram . Harishchandra ghat still exists and bears his name and reminds us of his supreme sacrifices in pursuit of truth . Along with AYODHYA , MATHURA , MAYA [ HARIDWAR ] , KANCHI , AVANTIKA [ UJJAIN ] and DWARKA , Varanasi , for the Hindus , is the 7th Holiest Cities of India . I consider myself lucky and fortunate that I have chance to visit all the above mentioned seven cities .

I have been to Varanasi several times . I first visited this city with my parents and other siblings , while I was a toddler . It was for the MUNDAN [ Tonsure Ceremony ] of my younger brother . I still remember my first journey to Varanasi by train . I was a kid and I used to converse with my parents only in Bhojpuri . My father insisted that while in Varanasi , we all must converse in Hindi . I was finding it difficult and avoided speaking throughout the journey .

I have visited this city numerous times since then . Every year when I visit my native place Deoria , I have to make a halt either at Varanasi or Lucknow . This year in June , I took a morning flight from Mumbai on June 16 , 2012 and along with my wife , landed there in the afternoon . Varanasi now has a swanky and sprawling airport . Old airport was not worthy of the reputation of this ancient city . This new Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is truly impressive .

Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport - Varanasi

Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport – Varanasi

Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport - Varanasi

Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport – Varanasi

I took a cab and drove to Hotel Gautam Grand near Varanasi Cant station .

Hotel Gautam Grand - Varanasi

Hotel Gautam Grand – Varanasi

When in Varanasi , you have to enjoy the crowded lanes and by-lanes of this mythical yet  modern metropolis . Godaulia is the nerve – centre of the city .

Godaulia - Varanasi

Godaulia – Varanasi

The world-famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the 12 JYOTIRLINGAS of Bhagwan Shiva in India . You dare not afford to miss this shrine . The old temple , built by Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century , was destroyed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb , who built a mosque on the ruins of this temple , which , today , is known as Gyanvapi mosque . The present Kashi Vishwanath temple was built by Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore in 1717 . This temple was adorned by Maharaja Ranjit Singh , who donated 820 k.g. gold in 1889 .

Kashi Vishwanath Temple - Entrance

Kashi Vishwanath Temple – Entrance

World Famous Lane of Vishwanath Temple

World Famous Lane of Vishwanath Temple

World Famous Lane of Vishwanath Temple

World Famous Lane of Vishwanath Temple

 

Gyanvapi, the original holy well between the t...

Gyanvapi, the original holy well between the temple and mosque (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

After darshan of Kashi Vishwanath temple , you proceed to Dashashwamedha Ghat , where Ganga Aarti is performed in the evening . Dashashwamedha Ghat was built by Maharaja Savai Jai Singh II in 1693 . It is one of the 100 ghats of Varanasi . Originally Ganga Aarti was started in Haridwar by Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya . Few years back it was started in Varanasi also and today it is major tourist attraction .

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Ganga Arti - Varanasi

Ganga Arti – Varanasi

Apart from Dashashwamedha ghat , Kedar ghat and Harishchandra ghat are other two major ghats of Varanasi .

Kedar Ghat - Varanasi

Kedar Ghat – Varanasi

Harishchandra Ghat - Varanasi

Harishchandra Ghat – Varanasi

Godaulia - Varanasi at Night

Godaulia – Varanasi at Night

A British Era Church at Godaulia

A British Era Church at Godaulia

Sankat Mochan temple is the another famous temple of Varanasi . According to the folklore , Sant Tulsidas worshipped here and Bhagwan Hanuman gave him darshan . After Kashi Vishwanath temple , it is the 2nd most revered temple of Varanasi for Hindus .

Sankat Mochan Temple

Sankat Mochan Temple

Varanasi is famous for Sants like Tulsi Das , Kabir Das , Ravi Das , Tailang Swami and Keena Ram . Tailang Swami and his disciple Keena Ram Baba followed AGHOR PANTH . Keena Ram Baba is most famous exponent of AGHOR PANTH . I visited his Ashram also . This was my first visit . I visited it twice . First visit was in the afternoon of June 16th and the second one was next day , on June 17 , 2012 .

The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba - Main Entrance

The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba – Main Entrance

At The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba

At The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba

The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba

The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba

The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba  - Residence

The Ashram of Keena Ram Baba – Residence

At Keena Ram Baba Ashram

At Keena Ram Baba Ashram

My Wife at The Ashram of Sant Keena Ram

My Wife at The Ashram of Sant Keena Ram

I left Varanasi on June 17 , 2012 in the morning . While proceeding towards Sarnath and Aundihar , I started remembering several luminaries of Indian history , who were born in Varanasi and spent their lives in this city .

Notable residents of Varanasi

Temple of Markandeya Mahadev in Aundihar is another famous shrine of Bhagwan Shiv , which I visited with my wife , while on my way to Deoria .

At Markandeya Mahadev Temple - Aundihar

At Markandeya Mahadev Temple – Aundihar

My Wife at Markandeya Mahadev Temple - Aundihar

My Wife at Markandeya Mahadev Temple – Aundihar

Varanasi is not a remote place for me . It is in between Mumbai and Deoria . I can and will visit it as long as I am alive . But then being alive is the big , unknown and unanswered question . Who knows it is my last visit or not ? Who knows whether I would be able to visit it again or not ?

I started for Deoria with heavy heart . Though I do hope to visit Varanasi again in winters for Allahabad Kumbh mela . Lines of Agyeya come running in my mind :

पार्श्व गिरि का नम्र चीड़ों में , डगर चढ़ती उमंगों सी ;

बिछी पैरों में नदी ज्यों दर्द की रेखा , विहग शिशु मौन नीड़ों में ; 

मैंने आँख भर देखा , दिया मन को दिलासा ; 
पुनः आऊँगा , भले ही बरस दिन , अनगिन युगों के बाद ;

क्षितिज ने पलक सी खोली , दमक कर दामिनी बोली ;
” अरे यायावर ! रहेगा याद ? “
………………………………………………..अज्ञेय 
[ Tenderness of mighty mountains reflected in pine trees ,
Upward moving pathways symbolizing my enthusiasm ,
River , flowing deep down like a line of pain ,
Tiny tots of birds sitting silently in their nest ,
I saw everything with contentment ,
Consoled myself , I would come again ,
After a year or may be after ages ……….
Horizon opened its eyes , lightning dazzled in the sky ,
As if saying ………………
O Wanderer ! Would you ever even remember ? ]

Vidur’s Blog Translated in Hindi Language


भोजपुरी भाषा – 1 [उत्पत्ति एवं इतिहास]

Posted on December 30, 2010 by Vidur [ Kamal Nayan Chaturvedi ] विदुर [कमल नयन चतुर्वेदी] द्वारा 30 दिसंबर, 2010 पर पोस्ट
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Bhojpuri is a language spoken in parts of north-central and eastern India . भोजपुरी उत्तर मध्य और पूर्वी भागों में बोली जाने वाली भाषा है भारत . It is spoken in the western part of state of Bihar , the northwestern part of Jharkhand , and the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh (UP), as well as adjoining parts of the Nepal Terai . के राज्य के पश्चिमी भाग में बोली जाती है के पश्चिमोत्तर भाग झारखंड , बिहार , और पूर्वांचल की उत्तर प्रदेश (उत्तर प्रदेश), के रूप में अच्छी तरह के आसपास के भागों नेपाल के तराई क्षेत्र . Bhojpuri is also spoken in Guyana , Suriname , Fiji , Trinidad and Tobago and Mauritius . भोजपुरी भी गुयाना , सूरीनाम , फिजी , त्रिनिडाड और टोबैगो और मॉरीशस में बोली जाती है . The variant of Bhojpuri of the Surinamese Hindustanis is also referred to as Sarnami Hindi or just Sarnami and has experienced considerable Creole and Dutch lexical influence. सूरीनाम Hindustanis की भोजपुरी के संस्करण के रूप में भी संदर्भित किया जाता है Sarnami हिन्दी या बस Sarnami के और काफी अनुभवी क्रियोल और डच कोष प्रभाव. More Indians in Suriname know Bhojpuri compared to Guyana and Trinidad where the language is largely forgotten. सूरीनाम में भारतीयों गुयाना और त्रिनिदाद जहां भाषा काफी हद तक भूल गया है की तुलना में भोजपुरी जानते हैं.

Distribution of Hindi languages.Image via Wikipedia – Hindi Speaking Regions छवि विकिपीडिया के माध्यम से हिन्दी भाषी क्षेत्रों

Bhojpuri is part of the Eastern-Hindi or Bengali continuum of languages which once extended from Assam and Bengal to Benaras. भोजपुरी का हिस्सा है हिंदी – पूर्वी या बंगाली भाषा है जो एक बार से बढ़ा सातत्य असम और बंगाल बनारस है. While the rest of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh slowly adopted the new Hindi standard (Khadi Boli), the language remained strong in the areas between Patna and Benaras . हालांकि बिहार और उत्तर प्रदेश की बाकी धीरे – धीरे नई हिन्दी मानक (खादी बोली) को अपनाया, भाषा के बीच क्षेत्रों में मजबूत बनी पटना और बनारस .

Hindi proper, as outlined in this description.Image via Wikipedia – Basic Hindi Speaking Regions विकिपीडिया के माध्यम से छवि – मूल हिन्दी भाषी क्षेत्रों

Bhojpuri and several closely related languages, including Maithili and Magadhi , are together known as the Bihari languages . भोजपुरी और एक साथ सहित कई निकट से संबंधित भाषा, मैथिली और Magadhi , बिहारी भाषाओं के रूप में जाना जाता है . They are part of the Eastern Zone group of Indo-Aryan languages which includes Bengali and Oriya . वे के पूर्वी क्षेत्र समूह का हिस्सा हैं जो भारत – आर्य भाषाओं शामिल हैं बंगाली और उड़िया .

Genealogically, Bengali belongs to the group o...Image via Wikipedia – Regions of Indo-Aryan Languages विकिपीडिया के माध्यम से छवि इंडो – आर्यन भाषाओं के क्षेत्र

The scholar, polymath and polyglot Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan wrote some works in Bhojpuri . विद्वान, बहुज्ञ (व्यक्ति) और बहुभाषिक ग्रंथ Mahapandit राहुल संकृत्यायन में कुछ काम करता है लिखा है भोजपुरी . Other eminent writers include Viveki Rai . अन्य प्रख्यात लेखकों में शामिल हैं Viveki राय . The number of Bhojpuri writers is small compared to the number of speakers. भोजपुरी लेखकों की संख्या बोलने वालों की संख्या की तुलना में छोटा है. Some other notable Bhojpuri personalities are legendary freedom fighter Swami Sahajanand Saraswati , first president of India Rajendra Prasad , Manoj Bajpai , and former Indian prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri , Chandra Shekhar . Bihar Kokila Padma Shri Sharda Sinha is a famous Bhojpuri folk singer. कुछ अन्य उल्लेखनीय भोजपुरी व्यक्तित्व महान स्वतंत्रता सेनानी स्वामी सहजानंद सरस्वती , भारत के पहले राष्ट्रपति राजेंद्र प्रसाद , मनोज बाजपेयी , और पूर्व भारतीय प्रधानमंत्री लाल बहादुर शास्त्री , चंद्रशेखर बिहार. कोकिला पद्मश्री शारदा सिन्हा एक प्रसिद्ध भोजपुरी लोक गायक है.

Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan (Greatest Indian...Image via Wikipedia – Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan विकिपीडिया के माध्यम से छवि Mahapandit राहुल संकृत्यायन

Number of speakers बोलने वालों की संख्या

Map of South AmericaImage via Wikipedia – Map of South America विकिपीडिया के माध्यम से छवि – दक्षिण अमेरिका के मानचित्र

According to an article published in Times of India , a total of 150 million people in India speak Bhojpuri. टाइम्स ऑफ इंडिया में प्रकाशित एक लेख के अनुसार , भारत में 150 मिलियन लोगों की कुल भोजपुरी बोलते हैं. An estimated 70 million people in Uttar Pradesh and 80 million people in Bihar speak Bhojpuri as their first or second language. अपनी पहली या दूसरी भाषा के रूप में एक अनुमान के अनुसार 70 लाख लोग उत्तर प्रदेश में 80 लाख लोगों को बिहार में भोजपुरी बोलते हैं. There are 6 million Bhojpuri speakers living outside of Bihar and Purvanchal. 6 मिलियन भोजपुरी वक्ताओं बिहार और पूर्वांचल के बाहर रहने वाले हैं. These areas include Nepal, especially Birgunj , Mauritius , Fiji , Suriname , Guyana , Uganda , Singapore , Trinidad & Tobago , Saint Vincent and the Grenadines , Great Britain , Canada and the United States . इन क्षेत्रों में नेपाल, विशेष रूप से शामिल Birgunj , मॉरीशस , फिजी , सूरीनाम , गुयाना , युगांडा , सिंगापुर , त्रिनिदाद एवं टोबैगो , सेंट विन्सेंट और ग्रेनेजियन्स , ग्रेट ब्रिटेन , कनाडा और संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका . This makes the total Bhojpuri speaking population in the world close to 90 million. यह दुनिया में 90 लाख के करीब कुल भोजपुरी बोल जनसंख्या बनाता है. However, the official figures of the 2001 Indian Census are much lower, showing 33 million speakers of the Bhojpuri dialect under the Hindi language sub-family. हालांकि, 2001 की भारतीय जनगणना के सरकारी आंकड़े बहुत कम हैं, उप परिवार के अंतर्गत हिंदी भाषा भोजपुरी बोली के 33 मिलियन वक्ताओं दिखा.

A map showing the distribution of Indo-Aryan l...Image via Wikipedia – Map of Indo-Aryan Languages इंडो – आर्यन भाषाओं का नक्शा – विकिपीडिया के द्वारा छवि

Bhojpuri dialects, varieties, and creoles are also spoken in various parts of the world, including Brazil , Fiji , Guyana , Mauritius , South Africa , Suriname , and Trinidad and Tobago . भोजपुरी बोलियों, किस्मों, और क्रेओलेस भी दुनिया के विभिन्न भागों में बात कर रहे हैं सहित, ब्राजील , फिजी , गुयाना , मॉरिशस , दक्षिण अफ्रीका , सूरीनाम , और त्रिनिदाद और टोबैगो . During the late 19th century and early 20th century, many colonizers faced labor shortages and were unable to obtain slaves from Africa due to the abolition of slavery; thus, they imported many Indians as indentured servants to labor on plantations. देर से 19 वीं सदी और जल्दी 20 वीं सदी के दौरान, कई उपनिवेशवादियों श्रम की कमी का सामना करना पड़ा और अफ्रीका से गुलामी की समाप्ति के कारण दास को प्राप्त करने में असमर्थ थे, इस प्रकार, वे कई भारतीयों आयात के रूप में वृक्षारोपण पर श्रम सेवकों अनुबंधित. Today, many Indians in the West Indies , Oceania , and South America still speak Bhojpuri as a native or second language. आज, कई भारतीय वेस्टइंडीज , ओशिनिया , और दक्षिण अमेरिका अभी भी एक देशी या दूसरी भाषा के रूप में भोजपुरी बोलते हैं.

Map of Central America, see https://www.cia.go...Image via Wikipedia – Map of Central America विकिपीडिया के माध्यम से छवि – मध्य अमेरिका के मानचित्र

The Bhojpuri language has been heavily influenced by other languages in many parts of the world. भोजपुरी भाषा भारी दुनिया के कई भागों में अन्य भाषाओं से प्रभावित किया गया है. Mauritian Bhojpuri includes many Creole and English words, while the language spoken in Trinidad and Tobago includes Caribbean and English words. मॉरीशस भोजपुरी कई Creole और अंग्रेजी शब्द शामिल हैं, जबकि त्रिनिदाद और टोबैगो में बोली जाने वाली भाषा कैरिबियन और अंग्रेजी शब्द शामिल है.

The Sunday Indian, Bhojpuri Association of India and Global Bhojpuri Movement has launched a worldwide movement for the Recognition, Promotion and Preservation of Bhojpuri Language, Art, Culture, Literature and society. रविवार भारतीय, भारत की भोजपुरी एसोसिएशन और विश्व भोजपुरी आंदोलन संवर्धन, मान्यता और भोजपुरी भाषा, कला, संस्कृति, साहित्य और समाज के संरक्षण के लिए दुनिया भर में एक आंदोलन शुरू किया है.

http://www.bhojpurimovement.ning.com http://www.bhojpuriindia.org. http://www.bhojpurimovement.ning.com http://www.bhojpuriindia.org. http://www.thesundayindian.com http://www.thesundayindian.com

[ This not my original writing. [यह मूल लेखन नहीं मेरी. Major portions of this blog are taken from various sources on the internet. इस ब्लॉग के प्रमुख अंश इंटरनेट पर विभिन्न स्रोतों से लिया जाता है. I am indebted and express my gratitude. मैं आभारी हूँ और मेरे आभार व्यक्त. This cut – paste was done for the readers , who are not net-savvy but they want to know about Bhojpuri and also for the future reference of myself. यह कट – पेस्ट पाठकों, जो शुद्ध सामान्य बुद्धि नहीं कर रहे हैं, लेकिन वे भी भोजपुरी के बारे में और खुद के भविष्य के संदर्भ के लिए जानना चाहता हूँ के लिए किया गया था. ] ]

Vidur विदुर

Mumbai – Maharashtra – India मुंबई – महाराष्ट्र – भारत

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My Column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” in Bhojpuri City – [ 9 ]


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           MARCH 08 , 2012           01.15 A.M.

This is the 9th article of my Hindi column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” in Bhojpuri City . It is a Bhojpuri trade magazine being published from Mumbai every fortnight .

This article deals with the difficulties being  faced by the Bhojpuri film industry and the root causes of the Bhojpuri Film Industry‘s current woeful situation .

It is sad that Bhojpuri is spoken by almost 22 / 24 crore people living in various parts of the world still Bhojpuri film industry is yet to get its due respect .

 

English: Countries where Bhojpuri is spoken.

Countries Where Bhojpuri is Spoken

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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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My Column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” in Bhojpuri City – [ 8 ]


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           FEBRUARY 04 , 2012           00.15  A.M.

This is my 8th article for the fortnightly Hindi column , which I write in ” Bhojpuri City ” , a magazine being published from Mumbai .

This is a trade magazine , dedicated to the Bhojpuri film industry .

I was not able to write regularly but last time I promised to myself that I would be regular in future . So my 8th article comes close to my 7th article .

7th article came into the December 2nd issue of 2011 . 8th article is published in the latest , that is , February 1st issue of 2012 . There was one issue of January 2012 in between but the editor decided not to publish my article in that issue because of the crunch of space . So my promise to be regular stands fulfilled .

This article deals with the sad state of affair in the Bhojpuri film industry , which is plagued with mediocrity .

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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My Column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” in Bhojpuri City – [ 7 ]


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           DECEMBER 29 , 2011           12.30 P.M.

This is the 7th article in Bhojpuri City , a fortnightly Bhojpuri trade magazine , which carries my column .

My 6th article was published in the September 1st issue of the said magazine . That was delayed by two and half months .

I promised that in future I would be regular . But again I went for the pilgrimage of South India and this article comes after almost three months . It’s definitely not a good sign for a budding columnist .

English: Political Map of South India, with ca...

Position of 5 South Indian States in The Map of India

This is  very short article about the topics on which current Bhojpuri films are being made . Films of various other Indian languages are moving ahead . They are experimenting with technique and format but Bhojpuri films are stuck in the same clichéd groove . This article concentrates on that .

I promise that I would be regular in future . If a fortnightly column come after 2 / 3 months , it definitely diminishes the purpose . There are various Bhojpuri speaking nations in the world . Bhojpuri speaking people are almost 24 crores in numbers . Through this column I want to reach Bhojpuri speaking diaspora . So I have to be regular .

English: Countries where Bhojpuri is spoken.

Map of Bhojpuri Speaking Nations

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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My Column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” in Bhojpuri City – [ 6 ]


 

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA            SEPTEMBER 10, 2011                 11 . 55 P. M.

This is the 6th article of my Hindi column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” . It comes in Bhojpuri City , a fortnightly Bhojpuri film trade magazine published from Mumbai .

Though I intend to write one article for my column every fortnight but this time there was a gap of almost two and half months. My last , 5th article was published in the May 1st issue of Bhojpuri City and now this 6th article comes in the September 1st issue. This , regretfully , happened because of my incessant travels and recent illness of my wife.

This article is about the pitiable and woefully pathetic condition of the various famous and legendary film studios of Mumbai.

I am reproducing here the cover page of the current issue of Bhojpuri City and 3 pages of the article. This is my longest article till date .

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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In Search Of My Roots In Bihar


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA                 JUNE 17 , 2011                      11.55 P. M.

This blog is personal in nature , definitely very personal . People who generally visit my blog space , are not going to find it very interesting. But I am writing it for the posterity , for the future generations of my family. Youngsters of my family should know about our roots and traditions and should get familiar with the family history and the place of our ancestors, even if it is through the photos.

Map of Sultanpur District of U.P.showing Amethi

Map of Sultanpur District of U.P.showing Amethi

We originally hail from Amethi, Sultanpur , a district in Uttar Pradesh. then known as United Provinces of Agra & Awadh. We were Raj Guru of a particular clan of Thakur chieftains of Amethi, known as Amethiya Rajputs. Few centuries ago during British era , a branch of Amethiya Rajputs , in search of greener pastures , left their native place Amethi and came and settled in Sohagara village in the erstwhile Saran district of Bihar. This district is now known as Siwan and is situated on the banks of Ghaghara river a.k.a. Chhoti Gandak.

Map of Siwan District of Bihar showing Sohagara Village

Map of Siwan District of Bihar showing Guthani Block of Sohagara Village

[ On the South-Western corner of the map is Guthani Block. Sohagara and Bishunpura villages come under the jurisdiction of Guthani Block  and are situated on the banks of Ghaghara ( Chhoti Gandak ) , where borders of Bihar end and borders of Uttar Pradesh begin. ]

Amethiya Rajputs bought land in Sohagara and settled there. Later on , a branch of their Raj Gurus also followed them and came and settled in Sohagara. They also bought large swath of land and properties and made Sohagara their home , completely forgetting Amethi of Sultanpur district.

Main Road of Sohagara

Main Road of Sohagara Village , still pristine

Another Road of Sohagara Village

Another Road of Sohagara Village

[ I clicked these two photographs when I visited Sohagara recently .  These two village roads are still pristine and primitive .]

Chhoti Gandak River- Sohagara is on the right of the river

Chhoti Gandak River- Sohagara is on the right of the river

[ My wife is partly seen in this photo in yellow sari , taking water from the river before worshipping our family deity ]

I don’t know how many centuries had gone since my forefathers came and settled in Sohagara. How many wet monsoons came and drenched them , how many thunder and lightning frightened them in dark nights, how many grey , dreary and dull winters came , tormented them and then went away , how many scorching summer greeted my forefathers with all the furies …. I don’t know but I know for sure that they survived in their new adopted land. Far away from Amethi , my ancestors made Sohagara their home and gradually prospered.

This Brich House is being made , Where my Ancestral House used to be before1875

This Brick House is being made , Where my Ancestral House used to be before1873

This Brich House is being made , Where my Ancestral House used to be before1875

This Brick House is being made , Where my Ancestral House used to be before 1873

[ Two photographs , which are given here , show a house under construction . This house is being constructed on the plot of land , where my ancestral house stood once. My forefathers lived in that house , which was made of mud and tiles. ]

We trace our known family history from Ram Charitra Chaturvedi. He was my great-great-grandfather. He was the person who left Sohagara with his two grown up sons, Shrikrishna Chaturvedi and Raghunandan Chaturvedi , came to Sonbarasa in the erstwhile Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh and settled there. This part of Gorakhpur district is now known as Deoria. Of his two sons , the elder one , Shrikrishna Chaturvedi was my great-grandfather.

This incident of leaving Sohagara happened in 1873. So once again my family came to Uttar Pradesh. From Amethi of Uttar Pradesh to Sohagara of Bihar and then again to Deoria of Uttar Pradesh, it was like completing a full circle. But leaving one’s place is not an easy thing for anyone. So what was the cause of this migration ?

Our family tradition says that Sohagara was frequently attacked and plundered by some nomadic tribes. Those aggressive and barbarous nomads used to burn crops and loot the valuables. My forefathers , to eliminate the tyranny once and forever, fought them once and in the ensuing battle which was fought with lathis , spears and trident , a pregnant tribal woman got killed. Before her death, she cursed our forefathers that the clan of Chaturvedis would never prosper in Sohagara. After that fight and their subsequent defeat , nomadic tribes left Sohagara . They never returned. But King of Majhauli , who was the tax-collector and owner of the village , wanted to punish my forefathers for the killing of the tribal woman. So my great-great-grandfather , after consulting his well-wishers and after giving due consideration to all the pros and cons, left Sohagara in 1875 for good and made Sonbarasa his new home in Deoria district.

Map of Deoria District of U.P. showing Salempur where our Village Sonbarsa is located

Map of Deoria District of U.P. showing Salempur where our Village Sonbarsa is located

Thought they left the Sohagara village and started living in Sonbarsa, they still kept their agricultural land in Sohagara and even bought agricultural land in another nearby village Bishunpura. Our family members used to go there and used to manage the agricultural property. This happened till my time , precisely till 1989 , before I left Deoria and came and settled in Mumbai. There after my visits dwindled.

My land in Bishunpura Village of Bihar , village is being seen in the foreground

My land in Bishunpura Village of Bihar , village is being seen in the foreground

My land in Bishunpura village in Bihar, village is seen in the foreground

My land in Bishunpura village in Bihar, village is seen in the foreground

I visited Sohagara this year , in June 2011 after a gap of almost 15 years. Vast swath of agricultural land , which was maintained and held by us till 2000 , have been sold. Sohagara and Bishunpura , both the villages , were managed by my family even after Ran Charitra Chaturvedi’s migration from the village in 1873 , But alas ! everything was disposed off during my tenure . I am not blaming anyone . I was also part of the sin and crime. We started selling the property at the time of my younger sister Neelima’s marriage in 1993 and within 7 years everything was sold off.

Ancestral property is like heritage and we are supposed to be only the trustees and not the owners of that property. As our forefathers bequeathed the property to us , it is one’s pious duty to maintain that property and bequeath it to their progeny. From 1873 to 2000 , these villages were maintained for almost 127 years and now they are gone and gone forever. My great-grandfather Shrikrishna Chaturvedi , my grandfather Kunj Bihari Chaturvedi and my father Lakshmi Kant Chatuevedi took every care to maintain these villages. But today , after 138 years of the migration of my great-great-grandfather, as I write this blog after visiting Sohagara , I am sorry to say that I was unable to maintain and take care of this heritage. I betrayed my ancestor’s trust and faith . I don’t know what would I say to them when I will face them after my death ? How would I face them , when I will meet them after my death ?

The house in the photo , is the residence of Ram Nageena Singh , a burly scion of Amethiya Rajputs who came and settled here. For four generations of my ancestors this house served as the residence cum administrative headquarters. After almost a century , it still stands there calmly and bears silent testimony of my forefather’s toil , strife and difficulties , which they faced while maintaining these lands. I have spent many days and nights in this house , when I used to visit these villages during Summer. Some times my stay was for a week or even for a fortnight at a stretch.

House of Ram Nageena Singh at Sohagara , Purab Patti

House of Ram Nageena Singh at Sohagara , Purab Patti

Sohagara is a beautiful village. It is still quite primitive and pristine . It has grand Shiva temple , believed to have been built by demon king Banasur.

Shiva Temple of Sohagara built by Demon King Banasur

Shiva Temple of Sohagara built by Demon King Banasur

The Lingam in Sanctum Sanctorum , My Wife & Sister paying Obeisance

The Lingam in Sanctum Sanctorum , My Wife & Sister paying Obeisance

Apart from this Shiva temple , Sohagara also has a ramshackle temple of my family deity. Family tradition says that a lady of my family committed Sati after the death of her husband. Later on in her memory a temple was built on the same spot where funeral pyre was lit . I don’t know who will visit these temples after my death. May be my family deity will wait endlessly and that too in vain for my future generations to come and pay obeisance. Who knows what will happen ? May be her temple will be forgotten in future . May be none from my family will visit her . May be this dilapidated place will succumb to the vagaries of nature’s fury and in some distant future will completely vanish from the earth. Or may be rampaging waters of Ghaghara will change its course and engulf the place during some monsoons and there will be no trace of even the very place. No one knows .

Loss of Sohagara is painful . It is not only loss of property but it is loss of a whole tradition , loss of our clan’s history and family folklore .

Ramshackle Temple of my Family Deity , My Wife & Sister at the left

Ramshackle Temple of my Family Deity , My Wife & Sister at the left

Ramshackle Temple of my Family Deity Kul Devi , my wife is inside

Ramshackle Temple of my Family Deity Kul Devi , my wife is inside

Me & My Wife in front of Ramshackle Temple of my Family Deity , Kul Devi

Me & My Wife in front of Ramshackle Temple of my Family Deity , Kul Devi

I started writing this blog after my Sohagara visit , when I was still in Deoria. I could not complete it because of my hectic schedules. Then I returned to Mumbai. As I was returning to Mumbai after 15 days , my schedules went haywire and I couldn’t complete the blog . I am finally completing it today and posting it on my blog space.

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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My Column ” Kal Aur Aaj ” in Bhojpuri City – [ 5 ]


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA                  MAY 05 , 2011                      11.45 P.M.

That I write a fortnightly Hindi column is now known to all my readers. It is being published in a magazine called Bhojpuri City “. It is a Bhojpuri film trade magazine being published from Mumbai. This is my 5th column and it is focussed on the tradition of Item Girls in Hindi and Bhojpuri films.

I am reproducing here the cover page of the current edition of the said magazine and the 2 page article, which is 5th in the series.

Cover of Bhojpuri City - May 1st , 2011

Cover of Bhojpuri City - May 1st , 2011

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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9 Newcomers of ” Aber ” , My Bhojpuri Film


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA              APRIL 25, 2011               07.15 P. M.

While preparing for the pre – production of ” ABER ” , my Bhojpuri film , I laid down few rules for myself.

1 – I decided that my actors should be genuine struggling actors and not some wannabes, who are well settled in their respective lives and have this everlasting wishful thinking of becoming actors.

2 – I decided that I would give work to the maximum number of my students. And why not ? If I am imparting training and churning out vast number of talented artistes, why should I rummage through the trash bins of some other trainers and sign their discarded and defective museum pieces for my films?

3 – I also decided that I would give chance to maximum numbers of newcomers. Generally people do not understand the process of film – making. They feel that only talent counts. Outsider’s opinion of film industry is based on sweet dreams and some fallacies. Film – making depends on the will and power of financiers and distributors. You wont get money for a non – star cast film. And finally even if you get the money and any how complete the film , you wont be able to sell it to the distributors. So casting newcomers was the most difficult decision, which I took. Though I was adamant and today I am satisfied that there are 9 new comers in ” Aber ” , my Bhojpuri film. I did talk to Rani Chatterjee , Viraj Bhatt , Swati Varma and Aksshey Varma for my film, because they are big stars and I can sell my film on their name. But here also I fulfilled my first commitment. Swati and Aksshey are my students. So out of 4 stablished stars , 2 are my students. And out of  9  new comers , 7 are my students and remaining 2 are new comers but not my students.

1 – Ashutosh Singh : He is the music director of my film and has done just one film. But that film is not released yet. Apart from that film he has not done anything. And since the film he has done is yet to get released , he is as new and fresh as any new comer. Needless to say that he has done fantastic job.

Ashutosh Singh

Ashutosh Singh

2 – PRIYA SHARMA : She is the romantic lead of my film and she has not done any film as main lead. She has worked as second lead in a film but it is yet to get released.

3 – PRIYAMVADA PANDEY : She has done a serial for Mahua channel but not a film. After Rani Chatterjee and Swati Varma, who are big stars in Bhojpuri film industry, she is playing the most important character in the film and it was a big and risky decision as per the norm of film industry. But I am firm on my decision and have confidence that she will always be known and shall always be remembered for this role.

She is our student and was in Batch No. 27 of KEATING CHARAKTERS.

Priyamvada Pandey

 4 – PRIYA JOSHI : She is a Marathi girl and has not done any thing either in Hindi or in Marathi. Her role is smaller compared to all the above mentioned female characters but this role is catalyst and it is the pivotal role of the movie. When I informed her about my decision, she went into disbelief. At that time her batch was yet to be completed and even her batch-mates thought that I am not serious. But I had seen the sparks and was adamant  that only she could essay the role.

She is our student and was in the Batch No. 46 of KREATING CHARAKTERS.

Priya Joshi

5 – Sandip Yadav : Again a rank new comer , he has done nothing ; neither stage , nor TV or film. He is from Uttar Pradesh and basically a Bhojpuri speaking person.

He is our student and was in the Batch No. 41 of KREATING CHARAKTERS.

Sandip Yadav

Sandip Yadav

6 – Rajnish Gore : Like Sandip , he is also a rank new comer. Totally without experience, he has done nothing. He is Bhojpuri speaking boy .

He is our student and was in the Batch No. 38 of KREATING CHARAKTERS .

Rajnish Gore

Rajnish Gore

7 – Riddhi Bansal : He is very old student of mine and is basically a dubbing artiste. He is from Rajasthan and is playing a police officer in the film. He has done just one film , which has not been released yet.

Riddhi Bansal

Riddhi Bansal

8 – RATAN LAL : He is from Ranchi , Jharkhand and he is a black belt holder. He has done few episode of a serial ” Left Right Left “. Apart from that he has done one Bhojpuri film, which is yet to be released. In my film he is playing the role of a Marine commando.

He is working at KREATING CHARAKTERS as action trainer.

Ratan Lal

9 – Raunak Chaturvedi : He is my son and student too. He has done acting workshop with Nadira Zaheer Babbar. After completing that workshop, he started learning dance from Krishna Sir and is still doing that. Earlier he was with Shiamak Davar’s academy also.

Before admitting him in KREATING CHARAKTERS,  I advised him to work as assistant director so that he should know all the aspects of film making. He has assisted 4 directors. He started with clap boy and graduated to become the 1st assistant director. His last job as assistant was for ” Daddy Cool ” , a Inder Kumar film.

He is our student and was in the Batch No. 46 of KREATING CHARAKTERS.

Raunak Chaturvedi

Raunak Chaturvedi


Poster of " Aber " - A Bhojpuri Film With Difference

Poster of " Aber " - A Bhojpuri Film With Difference

1st Publicity Design of " Aber "

1st Publicity Design of " Aber "

2nd Publicity Design of " Aber "

2nd Publicity Design of " Aber "

3rd Publicity Design of " Aber "

3rd Publicity Design of " Aber "

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

www.twitter.com/VidurChaturvedi

www.jaibhojpuri.com/profile/VidurChaturvedi


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