Longest Serving Chief Ministers of India


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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           DECEMBER 30 , 2012           11.57 P.M.

After Narendra Modi‘s emphatic and 3rd consecutive electoral victory in 2012 Gujarat assembly elections , I came across a very startling fact through news papers . Times of India reported that including Narendra Modi , at present we have 6 serving Chief Ministers in various states of India , who have won 3 consecutive terms .

Corrected few errors.

Map of India (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here is the list of 6 serving Chief Ministers , who have won 3 consecutive terms .

1 – Sheila Dikshit = Delhi – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1998 – to date ]

2 – Manik Sarkar = Tripura – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1998 – to date ]

3 – Naveen Patnaik = Odisha – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2000 – to date ]

4 – Tarun Gogoi = Assam – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2001 – to date ]

5 – Okram Ibobi Singh = Manipur – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2002 – to date ]

&

6 – Narendra Modi = Gujarat – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2002 – to date ]

It is very interesting to note that out of these 6 Chief Ministers ; 3 belong to Congress [ Indian National Congress ] , and 1 each to CPM [ Communist Party of India – Marxist ] , BJD [ Biju Janata Dal ] & BJP [ Bharatiya Janata Party ] .

Till date , there are only 13 Chief Ministers , who could win 3 or more than 3 terms consecutively . Here is the list :

1 – Jyoti Basu = West Bengal – 5 Consecutive Terms [ 1977 – 2000 ]

2 – Mohanlal Sukhadia = Rajasthan – 4 Consecutive Terms [ 1954 – 1971 ]

3 – Gegong Apang = Arunachal Pradesh – 4 Consecutive Terms [ 1980 – 1999 ]

4 – B. C. Roy = West Bengal – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1948 – 1962 ]

5 – K. Kamaraj = Tamil Nadu – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1954 – 1963 ]

6 – Vasantrao Naik = Maharashtra – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1963 – 1975 ]

7 – M.G. Ramachandran = Tamil Nadu – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1977 – 1987 ]

8 – Sheila Dikshit = Delhi – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1998 – to date ]

9 – Manik Sarkar = Tripura – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 1998 – to date ]

10 – Naveen Patnaik = Odisha – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2000 – to date ]

11 – Tarun Gogoi = Assam – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2001 – to date ]

12 – Okram Ibobi Singh = Manipur – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2002 – to date ]

&

13 – Narendra Modi = Gujarat – 3 Consecutive Terms [ 2002 – to date ]

If you dissect the list further , out of these 13 Chief Ministers ; 8 belong to Congress [ Indian National Congress ] , 2 belong to CPM [ Communist Party of India – Marxist ] and 1 each to AIADMK [ All India Anna Dravid Munnetra Kazhagam ] , BJD [ Biju Janata Dal ] and BJP [ Bharatiya Janata Party ] .

I think in next assembly elections due in 2013 , this scenario is definitely going to change . 2 more BJP Chief Ministers are poised to win their 3rd consecutive term . They are , Shivraj Singh Chauhan and Raman Singh , the Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh respectively .

2013 assembly elections are going to unfold interesting chapter in the history of India .

It would be an interesting political story to share with my acting students of my acting institute  Vidur’s Kreating Charakters .

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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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New Startling Facts About Maharashtra !!


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA             AUGUST 05 , 2011          05 . 00 P. M.

Did we know..

Once the country’s premier state ~ Maharashtra is fast slipping into a vicious debt trap, according to latest report of Comptroller and Auditor General for the year ended 31 March 2010. Financially the state is in utter mess on account of indiscipline and mismanagement.

What alarms the CAG is mounting debts over years had not deter the state to stay away from profligacy. Words like “injudicious” occur often in the report. To cite how worse the state’s finances are, the CAG says just to clear 19 per cent of its mounting debts and service charges on it, Maharashtra would be raising more funds and debts until March 2017 as the state’s commitments on repayments of debts and loans will be Rs.14,764 crore between 2013-15 and further Rs 15,086 crore in 2015-17.

The CAG has severely criticized financial indiscipline and wasteful expenditures by the state year after year. The report makes separate mention of how erstwhile chief minister Mr Ashok Chavan heaped largesse on the Nanded district central cooperative bank violating Reserve Bank of India‘s guidelines and strong indictment by NABARD (National bank of agriculture and development) in its special inspection report. Nanded is Mr Chavan’s home district. The bank with negative net worth was given Rs 118.50 crore by then CM. The funds had gone down the drain.

[ This article , written by Mr. Avinash Mishra on August 04 , 2011 , is reproduced here verbatim . I express my profound gratitude . ]

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Left is Left Out in West Bengal


DEORIA – UTTAR PRADESH – INDIA                   JUNE 03 , 2011                    02. 00 P. M.

On May 13 , 2011 when I was following election results of Assam , West Bengal , Tamil Nadu , Kerala and Puducherry , I was particularly curious to know West Bengal results. Tamil Nadu and Kerala have habit of voting against the incumbents and bringing in the opposition in every election. So I was pretty sure about the outcome. Though I was curious to know the fate of Assam and Union Territory of Puducherry also ,  but West Bengal was unique.

States Where Assembly elections were Held in 2011

States Where Assembly elections were Held in 2011

Communists were ruling West Bengal since 1977  and it was an uphill task for Trinamool Congress or any other party or dispensation to dislodge them. monolithic organization of Communists was invincible and impregnable for 34 years and even Mamata Banerjee failed several times to dislodge them.World’s first ever democratically elected Communist government was headed by E. M. Shankaran Namboodiripad in Kerala in 1957. It was dismissed in 1959 by Congress in autocratic way. So Communist Party of India [ CPI ] has this unique and dubious distinction of being the first democratically elected Communist government of the world and the first one too , to get dismissed by centre under article 356 of the constitution.

In 1967 , in the days of governments of Samyukta Vidhayak Dal [ SVD ] , a SVD government was formed in West Bengal with Communist Party of India [ CPI ]  as junior partner. Ajoy Mukherjee of Bangla Congress was the Chief Minister and CPI leader Jyoti Basu was his deputy. This one was the first ever non-Congress government of the state. E. M. Shankaran Namboodiripad again became the Chief Minister of Kerala during that period. This SVD government of West Bengal was short-lived as it was again dismissed by Congress government of centre. Left lost the 1972 assembly election, which was alleged to be heavily rigged by Congress. Siddharth Shankar Ray formed the illegal , immoral and last government of the Indian National Congress. Then came infamous emergency. In the 1977 election Congress lost power in centre as well as in West Bengal and many other northern states. Communist Party of India – Marxist [ CPI – M ] , an off-shoot of old Communist Party of India [ CPI ] came to power. It , along with its allies : CPI , All India Forward Bloc [ AIFB ] and Revolutionary Socialist Party [ RSP ] formed Left Front and ruled West Bengal since then. Jyoti Basu began his 23 – year-long stint as Chief Minister of West Bengal. He left office in 2000 and Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee took from him and ruled till now.

Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee

Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee

Apart from the rise and fall of Left Front, this 2011 election also signifies struggle and dogged fight of Mamata Banerjee. Born on January 05 , 1955 , she is M. A. in Islamic History from Calcutta University. She has a degree in education as well as a law degree. She joined Congress in 1970 and in 1984 became one of India’s youngest parliamentarian ever. She defeated Somnath Chatterjee from Jadavpur , who was considered invincible till then. Same year she became general-secretary of All India Youth Congress. In 1991 she became minister of state HRD in Narsimha Rao government. She quit Congress in 1997 and floated All India Trinamool Congress. In 1999 she joined Atal Bihari Vajpayee led NDA government and became railway minister. Later on she quit NDA government and fought 2001 assembly election with Congress and lost. In the assembly election of 2006 Trinamool was mauled badly. Then came Singur agitation against Tata car factory , which catapulted her to political stardom. Single-handedly she drove Tata out of Singur and for the first time Left Front was forced to backtrack and was compelled to renege the decision. Her struggle paid rich dividends in 2009 Parliament polls and she became railway minister again. In 2010 she won West Bengal civic poll and finally in 2011 trounced Left Front.

On May  20 , 2011 as she was appointed Chief Minister of West Bengal , she became the 11th Chief Minister of West Bengal and the first woman CM of the state and 14th woman CM of India. Only 13 women were Chief Ministers before. Sucheta Kripalani was the first woman Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and first Indian woman to hold this post. Sucheta Kripalani of Uttar Pradesh was followed by Nandini Satpathy in Odisha, Shashikala Kakodkar in Goa, Syeda Anowara Taimur in Assam, Janaki Ramachandran in Tamil Nadu, J. Jayalalithaa in Tamil Nadu, Mayawati in Uttar Pradesh, Rajinder Kaur Bhattal in Punjab, Rabri Devi in Bihar, Sushma Swaraj in Delhi, Sheila Dikshit in Delhi, Uma Bharti in Madhya Pradesh and Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan. Now Mamata Banerjee becomes 14th woman Chief Minister in India and the 1st one in West Bengal.

Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee

Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee

It is not an ordinary victory. In my opinion it is beginning of the end of Left Front . Mamta Banerjee rightly called it as a second independence day. This sentiment was echoed throughout West Bengal. Industry was neglected during Left Front rule. Contrary to popular belief, 34 year Left Front  rule had ruined West Bengal. Statistics reflect the real picture. Flight of the industry from the state is a familiar story. West Bengal is a laggard in every aspect. By 2007 – 2008 the share of manufacturing in the state’s net domestic product has fallen to 7.4% compared to 13.6% in neighbouring Odisha. After flight of capital , flight of educated youngsters started and they left in drove. A deplorable policy of doing away of English as medium of education for several years also added to the woes of bright youngsters and degeneration of education began. Plight of education and health were more glaring , though as per popular perception Communists were supposed to have maximum effect on these two fronts. The number of hospital beds per one lakh people in rural Bengal is 3.8 as compared to an all-India average of 17.5 . In education , the drop out rate of students is over 75% compared to an all-India average of 60% . Left Front repeatedly won the election on the promise of land reforms. Operation Barga was quite successful and paid them rich dividends. But to attract industry , Left Front alienated same vote bank of theirs by planning industrial projects on agricultural lands and that too without working out adequate compensation. Singur and Nandigram became their nemisis. Mamata gained ground by championing their cause.

Election Symbol of Trinamool Congress

Election Symbol of Trinamool Congress

On the day of counting , when results were pouring in and victory of Mamata Banerjee became almost certain , I was reminded of two incidents of her life. On August 16 , 1990 she was brutally assaulted by Lalu Alam, a goon supported by CPI – M. She suffered severe head injuries but was saved. Again in 1992, when trying to meet Jyoti Basu , the then Chief Minister, she was dragged by the hair along the corridors of Writers’ Building and was taken to Lalbazar. She returned to Writers’ Building only after winning the elections. Life has come to full circle for her. Maa , Maati , Maanush have won and with this victory ends the dream of Communists to paint India red.

A dream never fulfilled

A dream never fulfilled

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DEORIA – UTTAR PRADESH  – INDIA

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Chronicle of Communal Riots in India


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA             APRIL 28, 2011                  07.30 P.M.
To begin with , I must emphasize that this not an original blog written by me. I am just reproducing few relevant tweets from the twitter handle of Mr. Pawan Durani , who is a Kashmiri Pandit and is fighting for the Homeland of Kashmiri Pandits in Kashmir valley.
Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Gujarat riots, though an old story now, refuses to die a natural death, or is not being permitted to die by few interested parties and some vested interests , who claim to be liberal and secular. Communal riots are bad and no one in his senses will ever support it. But fact of the matter is that riots happened in every province of India and under every regime. Even during the time of Mahatma Gandhi there were many riots including the notorious riots of Noakhali. Mahatma Gandhi tried his best to bring harmony and peace but almost failed. If Mahatma Gandhi with the moral authority , which he commanded, failed to eliminate communal virus from India, what one expects from Narendra Modi or any other leader ? Instead of helping to heal the wounds and applying balm to the grieving families, these vested interests are hellbent on keeping this festering wound of Gujarat riots open.
Narendra Modi - Chief Minister of Gujarat

Narendra Modi - Chief Minister of Gujarat

The day a junior police officer claimed that he was present in the meeting , which Narendra Modi held at his official home, and heard him saying that Hindus should be allowed to vent their anger so that Muslims should be taught a lesson. Media as usual went agog with glee and Modi bashing started. No one asked this police officer that why was he silent all these years and even if Modi ordered what is being claimed by this particular police officer, why he obeyed this illegal order? isn’t it dereliction of duty?
On that very day Mr. Pawan Durani started tweeting about many communal violences , which occurred from time to time. It was interesting data and I saved it for my future research and decided to chronicle it in the form of a blog so that posterity can use it if they find it relevent.
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1990 | Communal riots in #patna #Bihar | 18 killed | Ruling Party CONGress | CM _ Jagan Mishra | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1989 -90 | #Bhagalpur #Bihar communal violence | 896 killed | Ruling Party CONGress | CM _ Jagan Mishra | Non calls it communal | #sickular
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Oct 1990 | Communal violence in #Beawar < #Maharshtra | Ruling party -CONGress | CM _ Sharad Pawar | Non calls it communal |#Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1990 | Communal Violence in #HailaKandi #Assam | 37 killed | Ruling party AGP | CM-Prafulla mahanta | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1990 | Communal violence in #Delhi #ChandniChowk | 100+ Killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
APR_MAY 1990 | Communal violence in #KANPUR | 30 killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | CM – Mulayam yadav | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Novemeber 1990 | Communal violence in #Agra | 33 killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | CM – Mulayam yadav | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Oct 1990 | Communal violence in Lucknow < UP | 33 Killed | Ruling party Janta Dal | CM _Mulay yadav | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1990 _1991 | #Gujarat riots } Around 270 killed | Ruling party Janta Dal & Cong | CM -Chiman Patel | Non calls it Communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
March 1989 | Communal violence in #Bhadrak , #Orissa | Ruling party CONGress | CM -JB Patnaik | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1989 | Communal violence in #Kota , #Rajasthan | Ruling party CONGress | CM- SC Mathur | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCt 1989 | Communal violence in #Indore | 27 killed | Ruling party CONG | CM-ML Vohra | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Apr-May 1987 | Communal violence in Meerut , UP | 81 killed | Ruling party CONG | CM – VB Singh | Non calls it communal |#Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
July 1986 | Communal violence in #Ahmedabad | 59 Killed | Ruling party CONG > | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
April 1985 | Communal riots in #Ahmedabad | 300 Killed | Ruling party CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
OCT 1984 | Communal riots in #Delhi | 2733 Killed | Ruling party CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
May1984 | Communal riots in #Bhiwandi | 146 Killed , 611 Inj | Ruling party CONGress | CM- Vasandada Patil | Non calls it communal #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1983 | Communal riots in #Hyderabad | 45 killed | Ruling party TDP | Chief Min – NTR | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
October 1983 | Communal violence in #HazariBagh | Ruling party CONGress | CM- Chandrashekhar Singh | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
June 1983 |Communal riots again in #Malegoan #Maharshtra | Ruling party CONGress | CM- Vasantdada patil | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
May 1983 | Communal riots in #Malur #Karnataka | Ruling party Janta | CM _ Mr hegde | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Dec 1982 | Communal riots in #Baroda | Ruling party Congress | CHief Min Mr Solanki | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1982 | Communal riots in #Meerut , UP | Ruling party Congress , CM Sripaty Mishra | Non calls it Communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
April 1981 | Communal riots in BiharSharif #Bihar | Around 80 Killed | Ruling party CONGress | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Auguest 1980 | #Moradabad Communal riots | Approx 2000 Killed | Ruling Party Congress | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
April 1979 | Communal riots in #Jamshedpur , West Bengal | More than 125 killed | Ruling party CPIM | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Sept 1978 | Communal riots in #Hyderabad | 19 Killed | Ruling party CONg | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
Oct 1978 | Communal violence in #Aligarh , UP | 30 Killed | Ruling party Janta Party | Non called it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
March 1978 | Communal riots in #Sambhal , UP | 25 killed | Ruling party Janta party | Non calls it communal |Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1977 | Varanasi Riots | Ruling party Janta | Non called it communal |#Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
May 1970 | Mahad #Maharshtra communal riots | Ruling party CONG | Non calls it communal | #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1970 | Communal riots in #Jalgoan #Maharshtra | 43 killed | Ruling party was CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1970 | #Bhiwandi communal riots in #Maharashtra | Around 80 killed | Ruling party CONg | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1969 | Communal riots in #Ahmedabad | More than 512 Killed | Ruling party happened to be CONG | Non calls it communal |#sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
March 1968 | around 100 killed in KarimGanj Assam | Ruling party again CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
August 1967 | 200 Killed | Communal riots in Ranchi | Party ruling again CONG | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1964 Communal riots in Rourkela & Jamshedpur | 2000 Killed | Ruling party CONG . | Non calls it communal | #Sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1947 Communal riots in #Bengal | 5000 Killed | Ruling party happened to be CONG . | Non calls it communal #sickular
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1984 witnesses anti #Sikh riots in #Delhi , Capital of #India , 2700 Killed | Ruling party happened to be CONgress | Non calls it communal
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
1992 -93 witnessed communal riots in Maharshtra | The chief ministers were Congressmen | They remain secular | #sickularism
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
@shabirgilkar I think millions of muslims do live in #Gujarat and many them admire #Modi
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
#Modi has walked this #Agnipath many times ; CONgress can go to any level to stop his march to become next PM of #India
Pawan Durani
pawandurani Pawan Durani
And who has faith in you ,Mr Bhatt ? “@ibnlive: IPS officer Sanjiv Bhatt: No faith in SIT appointed to probe Gujarat riots”
It is unfortunate that all these years communal violence was not prevented and it occurred with impunity under all regimes in all tha provinces of India. It is shameful and we should strive for a riot free India. I don’t think keeping alive the unfortunate memory of a decade old Gujarat riots are going to serve any purpose. But unfortunately Gujarat riots have become the source of income for some people and also a convenient tool to proclaim their secular credentials .
Gujarat riots are unfortunate and milking it by some self – proclaimed secular people for their own agenda is criminal.
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