150th Birthday of ROSOGOLLA


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           December 31, 2018           05.45 P.M. 

 

It is 150th year of Mahatma Gandhi.

But few people know that it is 150th year of a Bengali sweet known and called ” ROSOGOLLA ” also.

 

Rosogolla

 

But here lies the controversy. Rosogolla is always known as a Bengali sweet. But all of a sudden Odisha started claiming that Rosogolla is Odia.

I was perplex. For all my life I always knew and believed that Rosogolla is a Bengali sweet . Nobin Chandra Das , the famous Bengali , is credited to invent this sweet in 1868 . He , along with his family , used to live in the Baghbazar locality of northern Calcutta [ now known as Kolkata ] .

 

Columbus of Rosogolla – Nobin Chandra Das

 

Despite these known facts , some Odia zealots started claiming that Rosogoll has Odia origins. Watch the photos and realize that Bengalis have not only invented this sweet but they have become connoisseurs and gave several variations to Rosogolla, which is not common in Odisha .

Rosogolla

 

Nolen Gurer Rosogolla

 

Khejur Gurer Rosogolla

 

Dry Rosogolla

 

Coloured Rosogolla

 

Creamy Baked Rosogolla

 

Chocolate Rosogolla

 

Payesh Rosogolla

 

This brazen and bizarre claim of Odisha was not supposed to be taken lightly in West Bengal . Matter was fiercely debated in Bengal and finally West Bengal government reached GI [ Geographical Indication ] . After a 26-month legal tussle, West Bengal government won the case on November 14, 2017 .

In 2018 Rosogolla became 150 years old and to commemorate the auspicious event West Bengal government issued a special stamp . It was launched at the inaugural function of ” Baghbazar-O-Rosogolla Utsab ” .

Earlier this year, the State government observed November 14 as Rosogolla Day to mark one year of obtaining the GI tag.

My tryst with Rosogolla in particular and other Bengali sweet in general started very early in my life . In my Deoria house , there was a shop of Bengali sweets , known as Jalojog . I tasted Rosogolla once and became a life-long fan and now I can proudly claim that I am a Rosogolla connoisseur . So I refused to believe that Rosogolla is in any way related to Odisha .

I am happy that finally this unnecessary controversy will be put to rest. Odisha has many good things to offer but Rosogolla is quintessential Bengali and it should remain so.

 

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I have taken some facts and figures from Sunday edition of DNA – Daily News & Analysis , a popular news paper. Pictures of various Rosogollas have been taken from Wikipedia .

I express gratitude on behalf of all the students & staff of VIDUR Acting Institute , VIDUR Editing Studio , VIDUR Club and VIDUR Merchandise .

 

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Mahamana Malaviya – A Giant Among Dwarfs


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DEORIA – UTTAR PRADESH – INDIA           SEPTEMBER 20, 2014           11.55 P.M.

MAHAMANA MADAN MOHAN MALAVIYA

MAHAMANA PANDIT MADAN MOHAN MALAVIYA

 

 Born December 25 , 1861 , Allahabad , India

Died November 12 , 1946 , Allahabad , India

The President of the Indian National Congress on four occasions [ 1909 / 1918 / 1930 / 1932 ]

The founding member of the Hindu Mahasabha [ 1906 ]

The President of Hindu Mahasabha [ 1923 ]

The founder of Banaras Hindu University , the largest residential university in Asia and one of the largest in the world , at Varanasi in 1916

The Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University [ 1919 – 1938 ]

One of the founders of Scouting in India [ 1918 ]

The founder of English-newspaper , The Leader, published from Allahabad [ 1909 ]

The Chairman of Hindustan Times  [ 1924 to 1946 ]

Instrumental in the launch of Hindustan , the Hindi edition [ 1936 ]

Member of the Imperial Legislative Council [ 1912 – 1919 ]

Member of the Central Legislative Assembly [ 1919 – 1926 ]

Above mentioned facts about Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya are known to all because these are continuously highlighted . You can find some more information about his Congress background on various internet postings . But his views on Hinduism and his pain and anguish on the sufferings of Hindus are not widely mentioned or chronicled . That , apart from being the president of Indian National Congress on 4 occasions , he was one of the founders of Hindu Mahasabha and was the president of Hindu Mahasabha in 1923 , is now almost forgotten .

It is widely known and well chronicled that in 1886, Mahamana Malaviya attended the 2nd session of Indian National Congress in Calcutta [ now Kolkata ] and he became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932 . But it is forgotten that as a leader of Indian National Congress he opposed the separate electorates for Muslims under the Lucknow Pact of 1916 . In protest against the Communal Award , which sought to provide separate electorates for minorities ,  Mahamana Malaviya along with Madhav Shrihari Aney left the Congress and started the Congress Nationalist Party . The party contested 1934 central legislature elections and won 12 seats . Some so – called secular historians try to hide this facet of Mahamana’s life .

Mahamana was fiercely opposed to the politics of appeasement of Muslims and other minorities and the participation of Congress in the Khilafat Movement . Again this fact is not so widely mentioned in his biographies .

The effort is on to obfuscate nationalist views of Mahamana and to hide his pro Hindu views from the youngsters . Therefore I thought it proper to write about his views on the issues which are surprisingly relevant even today . In the Gaya session of Hindu Mahasabha in 1923 , he expressed his views on untouchability , Hindu – Muslim problems and re – conversions of non – Hindus . When I read his presidential address , I was shocked . He had mentioned about the communal riots of Muzaffarnagar in 1923 . And you all know , even after 91 years , Muzaffarnagar is still burning .

To illuminate the nationalist image of Mahamana , I am quoting from the presidential address , which he delivered at the Gaya session of Hindu Mahasabha in 1923 . Words are ominous and they are as relevant today as they were in 1923 .

 

Mahamana on Hindu – Muslim Problem :

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” The relations between Hindus and Mahomedans have not been as happy and cordial as they ought to be . During the Bengal Partition days the Government were inciting Mahomedans to attack Hindus . In 1916 in Eastern Bengal inhuman , brutal , unparalleled atrocities were perpetrated on Hindus . Hindu women were outraged by fanatic Mahomedans and many Hindu women had to take shelter in rivers and tanks to protect their honour .

Then came the Great War in 1914 . In 1914 in the frontier districts , particularly Muzaffarnagar , Hindu houses were regularly looted and Hindu women dishonoured , but Indian patriots preached not to heed them . By Mahatma Gandhi’s advice Hindus worked with Mahomedans and helped them in the Khilafat cause , not because the former wanted something in return , but because they were for the liberty and freedom of every nation and also because of their sympathy for fellow Muslim brothers .

Again in 1920 brutal and inhuman atrocities were perpetrated on Hindus by Moplahs in Malabar . Hindu houses were looted , women were outraged , male and female butchered with the greatest cruelty for refusing to embrace Islam and many were forced into Islam at the point of the sword . It is better to die than to see women’s modesty outraged , temples attacked and burnt and idols broken . The whole of India was severely pained and afflicted at these horrible inhumanities . Due to tolerance we patiently bore all this and drank the bitter dose simply with anxiety and desire that no ill-feeling and differences be created between the two sister communities .

At Multan temples were burnt down and women’s chastity was outraged . Burnt Geeta and Granth Saheb and broken temple idols were found . Next an appeal was issued to maintain unity and peace on Bakrid day , but riots occurred at several places . Our ladies do not consider they are as safe as 50 years ago . Amritsar Hindu women do not come out of houses so frequently and abruptly as they used to do formerly . Every moment they fear of being dishonoured . Everybody knows what happened at Panipat and at Ajmer . Temples were broken and burnt and idols destroyed .

In such circumstances it is our individual and social duty to increase our strength . It is most deplorable that Hindus are so fallen that a handful of foreigners can be ruling over us . Shame on the Hindus who live to see the breaking of temples and the outrage of women . Miss Ellis was kidnapped and the vibration pervaded the whole British Empire . Behind English girls and women there is national strength which protects them wherever they go . So also with Mahomedan women . There was a time when Hindu ladies had also such national backings behind them . Unless we have such strength , we cannot continue among strong nations of the world . The main reason of the present disunity is that Hindus are comparatively weak and cannot protect their religion and women . Unity and good-will can exist only between two equally strong parties . When the irresponsible element of Muslims will realize that we can react to the policy of tit for tat they would never venture to attack us . “

Mahamana on Re-Conversion :

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Referring to the Shuddhi movement Pandit Malaviya said ,  ” there are forty-eight crores of Muslims in India of whom not more than fifty lakhs are those who might have come from outside . The rests were converted from Hinduism . Theirs is a proselytizing religion while our religion has closed the doors for those who wish to come in our fold . Mullas have recently prepared an expansive scheme for reconversion of Hindus on a grand active scale in their private very confidential meeting and have scrupulously given no publication to this resolution and they have also collected fifty lakhs , but you will be surprised to know that it has not been scrupulously kept secret . Hindus are converted by dupes . In Gujarat some Mussalmans with notices bearing prints of ‘Om preach Kalauki incarnation is H.H. Aga Khan’ say that they should join that sect . Within three years one lakh of Hindus have been converted by Khojas .

‘Is there no prayashchitta for those who unknowingly took anything touched by non-Hindus . Malkanas ought to be taken into Hinduism. He then referred to a verse in Dharmshastra Mahaprabandha which lays down that those who had been converted to other religion either by force or willingly can be taken back to the Hindu religion if they so desire . He asked the audience to decide this question.

Replying to those who say that we should not care for our numerical strength and that those who have already been converted should not be taken into Hinduism , Mahamana said : ‘When now we are so badly treated with a numerical strength of 22 crores , what would be our condition in future with a much reduced Hindu population , if we allow this rate of conversion from Hinduism and do not allow reconversion into Hinduism ? ”

Mahamana on Untouchability :

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With tears in his eyes , he took out the turban from his head during presidential address and said , ” Why should I not place my turban at the feet of my untouchable brothers who follows the Hindu religion ? Why should I not allow my untouchable brothers to have darshan in temples ? Full of sins as I am , what right have I to stop my untouchable brothers from entering temples ?’
Addressing the orthodox pandits, he then said with folded hands : ‘Oh, learned Pandits, for God’s sake do not prevent these brothers from having darshan in temples’.
Referring to permission to untouchables for drawing water from wells he said that Christians and Mahomedans are asking untouchables to embrace their religion . So long as they remain Hindu they are not allowed to draw water from wells and if they accept their faith , they will not be so outcasted , insulted, and disallowed . This exactly happened at Panipat . But this is to be remembered that these untouchables who are so outcasted by high caste people were the first to come to defend the Hindu temple at Panipat when it was attacked by Mahomedans .
Pertinently remarked Pandit Malaviya : ‘An untouchable comes under the hottest sun from your labour and is extremely thirsty . I ask what true Hindu is there who will so cruelly prevent these untouchables from drawing water from wells while they do not object untouchables’ entry in houses when their services are required.”
Mahamana’s views on above mentioned 3 topics are so true even today. A man of this prophetic vision is needed even today . We celebrated his 150th anniversary in 2011. We paid lip service to him. Government of India issued coins in his honour.
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But thats all. He adorns the wall of our parliament, but not our hearts. Today as I sit in my ancestral house and go through the pages of our recent history and remember recent incidents in Uttar Pradesh, I thought it proper to write this blog to bring out the feelings of a nationalist like MAHAMANA MADAN MOHAN MALAVIYA on today’s burning topics. I offer my tribute to the true son of Bharat Mata , to the staunch Hindu and a visionary !

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On behalf of all the students and staff of VIDUR Acting Institute , VIDUR Editing Studio , VIDUR Club and VIDUR Merchandise, I offer my regards to the staunch Hindu MAHAMANA MADAN MOHAN MALAVIYA.

May his soul awaken us and lead us to the goal of becoming a proud Indian!

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Sunset Boulevard ( 9 ) : ” A Streetcar Named Ambassador “


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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           JUNE 17, 2014           00.20 A.M.

AMBASSADOR

1958 – 25 May 2014

It pains me a lot and saddens me to no end as I write this blog about the demise of Ambassador car. It was owner’s pride once upon a time. It was a car of power once upon a time. It was object of desire once upon a time. People of my generation affectionately used to call it ” Amby “, a streetcar named “Amby”. And it is sad to know that my ” Amby ” now ceases to exist . Today, while I am writing this blog, I am grief-stricken and numb.

But I have now become immune. It is the 9th blog about vanishing objects of my younger days, my growing years, my formative period. My first blog in the Sunset Boulevard section was about ” Bajaj Scooter “. I wrote it on December 28, 2009. One fine morning I read in the news paper that HAMARA BAJAJ wont be manufactured any more. The year was 2009. Within 5 years [ from 2009 to 2014 ] , 08 more objects of my growing years left me for ever, leaving a flood of sweet-sour memories to remember and mourn. They just cease to exist now. After ” HAMARA BAJAJ ” it was the turn of ” FAMILY PHOTO ALBUM “. Then it was the turn was of ” VANISHING GRAVES “, ” CASSETTE WALKMAN “, ” KAMALISTAN STUDIO “, ” CHAVANNI “, ” ROAD MILESTONES ” and ” LAKSHMI TALKIES “, a cinema hall of Allahabad.

Now I know that anything will disappear any time and will cease to exist. Ambassador car is the 9th to walk into the sunset but certainly it is not going to be the last one. Few more things of my younger years will vanish soon and will become memory and history. One day I myself will walk into the sunset boulevard. But as long as I am alive, it hurts me as I find that a particular object of my life, a part of my being, an integral paraphernalia of my younger days will be no more with me. Ambassador is the 9th but definitely not the last one. With Ambassador, a part of my life is gone forever.

Ambassador - The Symbol 0f Power

Ambassador – The Symbol of Power

 

The Ambassador was a car manufactured by Hindustan Motors of India. It has been in production since 1958 with few improvements or changes and is based on the Morris Oxford III model, first made by the Morris Motors Limited at Cowley, Oxford in the United Kingdom from 1956 to 1959.

Despite its British origins, the Ambassador is considered as a definitive Indian car and is fondly called “The grand old lady of Indian roads”. The automobile is manufactured by Hindustan Motors at its Uttarpara plant near Kolkata, West Bengal. All the prominent Indian politicians of yore used the Ambassador. Some like  Sonia Gandhi, used the Ambassador till now.

As of 25 May 2014, the Hindustan Motors has suspended the production of the Ambassador

Decline & Fall of Ambassador

Decline & Fall of Ambassador

My father was fond of Chevrolet cars. So we never possessed the Ambassador in Deoria. But I do remember the red-beacon fitted Amby of the ruling class of my generation, which used to inspire awe and admiration in me. Years have passed. Ambassador slowly lost the glory and power attached to it. It, in its later avatar , became popular as a taxi. What a sad fall of the grand old Ambassador! And now it passes into oblivion. Its journey is complete.

 

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On behalf of all the students and staff of VIDUR Acting Institute , I mourn the death of my Amby.

VIDUR Editing Studio , VIDUR Club and VIDUR Merchandise would also like to join in mourning.

RIP ! my Amby. Your enviable fortune got changed in the changing times. Alas ! Time is cruel.

 

[ I have quoted some facts about Ambassador from Wikipedia. I am indebted. ]

 

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Rituparno Ghosh ; Gone Too Soon


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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           JUNE 06 , 2013           08.30 P.M.

Rituparno Ghosh

31 August 1963 – 30 May 2013

English: Rituparno at MAMI festival

Rituparno at MAMI festival (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I was shocked beyond words to hear about the sad demise of Rituparno Ghosh . He was my favourite director of Bengali cinema post Satyajit Ray era . He died on 30 May 2013 in Kolkata after suffering a massive heart attack . He was 49 years old at the time of his death .

He started his career as a creative artist in advertisement agency. In 1992, his debut filmHirer Angti got released. In 1994 his next film Unishe April  “ released and it won National Film Award for Best Feature Film . In his career spanning almost two decades he won 12 national and some international awards .

The first film of Rituparno Ghosh , which I saw , wasBariwali ” [ 1999 ] . It moved me immensely . Kirron Kher’s poignant portrayal of a lonely housewife , who rents her old house for shooting and as shooting progressed , she falls for the director of the film and finally her fancy comes crashing when the cast and crew of the film leaves her house after last day of the shooting . She was devastated that the directors has no feelings for her . ” Bariwali ” is still fresh in my memory and it is etched permanently in my mind . It’s not for nothing that Kirron Kher got National Award for her performance .

This was my first brush with the world of Rituparno Ghosh .

The I watched Chokher Bali ” [ 2003 ] . During my adolescent years in Deoria , I had read the Hindi translation of the novel . It was named ” Aankh Ki Kirkiri ” . Character of female protagonist in the novel was very difficult . Ritu da , as he was fondly called , not only filmed the story beautifully , but he also extracted remarkable performance from Aishwarya Rai Bachchan .

Then I watched ” The Last Lear ” [ 2007 ] . It was very unusual film by typical bollywood standard . A remarkable performance by Amitabh Bachchan made this film important .

Out of all 24 films , which he made as a director or writer or producer , I have watched only 3 films . But even then Ritu da’s impact fails to get obfuscated from my psyche .

Here is the complete list of his films .

Filmography

” Hirer Angti ” [ 1992 ] , ” Unishe April ” [ 1994 ] , ” Dahan ” [ 1997 ] , ” Bariwali ” [ 1999 ] , ” Asukh ” [ 1999 ] , ” Utsab ” [ 2000 ] , ” Titli ” [ 2002 ] , ” Shubho Mahurat ”  [ 2003 ] , ” Chokher Bali ” [ 2003 ] , ” Katha Deithili Ma ” [ 2003 ] , ” Raincoat ” [ 2004 ] , ” Antarmahal ” [ 2005 ] , ” Dosar ” [ 2006 ] , ” The Last Lear ” [ 2007 ] , ” Khela ” [ 2008 ] , ” Shob Charitro Kalponik ” [ 2008 ] , ” Abohoman ” [ 2010 ] , ” Noukadubi ” [ 2010 ] , ” Arekti Premer Golpo ” [ 2011 ] , ” Memories In March ” [ 2011 ] , ” Sunglass ” [ 2012 ] , ” Chitrangada ” [ 2012 ] , ” Jiban Smriti ” [ 2012 ] & ” Satyanveshi  ” [ 2013 ]

Unishe April

Unishe April (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bariwali

Bariwali (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Shubho Mahurat

Shubho Mahurat (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Poster for the movie ''Chokher Bali

Poster for the movie ”Chokher Bali (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Shob Charitro Kalponik

Shob Charitro Kalponik (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Abohoman

Abohoman (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Arekti Premer Golpo

Arekti Premer Golpo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I am shocked beyond belief to say anything else about the most prolific director of post Satyajit Ray era . On behalf of all the students and staff of VIDUR Acting Institute , which is known as Vidur’s Kreating Charakters , VIDUR Editing Studio and VIDUR Club I offer my heartfelt condolences .

May his soul rest in peace .

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Farewell Ritu da. 49 is not the age to leave the world . But destiny has different and sometimes unexplainable plans .

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West Bengal Needs Mamata Banerjee


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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           APRIL 06 , 2013           11.40 P.M.

It is hard to defend a death . It is difficult not to sympathise with the grieving family of a 23 year – old boy Sudipto Gupta . It is suicidal to swim against the tide . It is politically wrong to support a government , which is accused by one and all , for murdering a young boy . But still there is a case in favour of Mamata Banerjee and Trinamool Congress . Before getting swayed away by the orchestrated public outcry , before being inundated by the flood of tears of cunning comrades , pause for a moment and think properly .

English: Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Baner...

Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The dead boy belonged to SFI [ Student Federation of India ] . This so called youth organization is affiliated to CPI-M [ Communist Party of India – Marxist ] . And it is prudent to recall that CPI-M ruled West Bengal for almost 4 decades . And then came Mamata Banerjee and she single-handedly defeated the mighty ,  invincible comrades . And the comrades are not supposed to give up power easily and willingly. Comrades are desperate to dislodge Mamata Banerjee since then .

Every politician can falter . May be Mamata Banerjee made some mistakes . But she is an elected Chief Minister of West Bengal . She should be allowed to rule for 5 years and that too peacefully. CPI-M should understand this , and if they are not willing to understand then they should be forced to see the writing on the wall . It should be drilled into their dark , empty heads .

I am forced to remember happenings from the day one , when Mamata Banerjee took charge of West Bengal . She went to inspect a hospital and the doctor on duty questioned her presence in the hospital . Is it not proper for an elected Chief Minister of a state to visit a hospital ? Should a people’s representative seek doctor’s permission before visiting a hospital ? The answer is a definite no . But CPI-M , through their committed card-holder members , wanted to show the world that Mamta Bannerjee is a persona – non – grata in her own state .

They , forgetting their own blood-drenched past , are now shedding copious tears on national television after Sudipto Gupta’s death . I could feel a sense of glee in the hearts of comrades . Apparently Sitaram Yechuri was showing grief at the demise of SFI member but he seemed to be quite pleased that at least now they have got a stick to beat the formidable foe .

Their selective amnesia should be brought in the public view . Comrades are adept in annihilating their political opponents . They have killed thousands of RSS [ Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh ] workers in Kerala . They have brutally murdered their political opponents in West Bengal . Ask any CPI-M deserters . They will tell you the gruesome story . In the hinterlands of West Bengal , comrades used to hang a white sari in front of the house of the person , who voted or even participated in the political activities of opposition parties . White sari symbolised the impending widowhood to the wife of the deserter .

National media knows everything but they are myopic and inadvertently helping CPI-M . And shrewd comrades are exploiting the situation and enjoying the moment . They are shedding copious tears on the national television but in the privacy of their offices they must be having orgasm . At least no one can support West Bengal government of Mamata Banerjee on this point .

Death is sad . Death of a young man is shattering for the family . But may I ask why these comrades are on rampage since their defeat in West Bengal ? Why the comrades are not willing to wait for 5 years ? If their commitment for democracy is so unflinching , they should wait for the next general election . They should desist from unleashing their cadres on the streets and on police . When they were ruling West Bengal , it is alleged that they tried to annihilate Mamata Banerjee . They insulted her . They dragged her on the streets by catching hold of her hair . But a hypocrite like Sitaram Yetury , who is shedding tears now , was silent then . Even late Jyoti Basu , who is considered a BHADROLOK [ gentlemen ] by the media , remained a passive and silent onlooker like the mythological Dhritarashtra .

Jyoti Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010) or ...

Jyoti Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010) or Jyotirindra Basu was an Indian politician belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from West Bengal, India. He served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal from 1977 to 2000, making him the longest-serving Chief Minister of any Indian state. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I am not from Bengal . I can’t be accused of having any personal interest in the politics of Mamata Banerjee . I am not going to gain anything by supporting her and that too at this juncture . But I know the cunning comrades . I just felt that even at this juncture India and the discerning public should know the truth and they should not be swayed away by temporary and fluid situations and emotions . It would be fatal to play in the hands of comrades . These murderers are waiting for the opportunity and we should not do anything to help them . Their dream of ruling India is shattered . Their secret wish to paint India red lies in shambles . Any effort to demonize Mamata Banerjee would be like inviting the killers in our house .

A dream never fulfilled

A dream never fulfilled (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I feel for the family of the dead boy . I sympathise with the near and dear ones . But I refuse to criticize Mamata Banerjee for this death . Because I also remember the killings and annihilation of political opponents done by the communists of India .

Police claims that Sudipto Gupta died because of accident . Comrades are crying foul . You should remember ACP Dhoble of Mumbai police . He was accused of murdering a hawker in Mumbai and was subsequently transferred . Now it is known to all after enquiry that the hawker died of cardiac arrest . What if same case is repeated in Kolkata ? Think and think properly .

Famous acting schools of Mumbai , famous acting institutes of India and the famous acting academy of bollywood have no time for such topics . My acting institute  Vidur’s Kreating Charakters  think that apart from imparting acting training , it is also our duty to make our students aware of such happenings .

English: Flag of All India Trinamool Congress

Flag of All India Trinamool Congress (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Assembly election results map (by dis...

Assembly election results map (by district). Light green denotes the districts won by Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress, and Red denotes those won by the CPI(M). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Mamata Banerjee supporters

West Bengal needs Mamata Banerjee . In fact the nation needs her . And yes , we don’t need CPI-M or CPI at all . They should be consigned in the trash-bins of history .

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80 Years of ” Natir Pooja ” , A Rabindranath Tagore Film


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MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           DECEMBER 15 , 2012           11.58 P.M.

” Natir Pooja ” . Does this name ring any familiar bell ?

I know the answer . It will be emphatic NO .

” Natir Pooja “ is a Bengali film . Does it make matter easier now ?

I know the answer even this time . It will again be a NO .

” Natir Pooja “ was produced by B. N. Sircar of New Theatres . What ?

Answer will be unanimous . The film evokes no familiarity .

” Natir Pooja “ was filmed at floor number 1 of NT Studio , Kolkata ? Now !

Even a student of cinema will now scratch his head .

” Natir Pooja “ was released in Chitra Talkies , Kolkata on March 14 , 1932 .

Now even the connoisseurs will look the other way .

Well , now let me untangle the mystery .

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” Natir Pooja “ completed 80th year on March 14 , 2012 . It was released on March 14 , 1932 and it is the only feature film directed by legendary Rabindranath Tagore in 1931 . It was based on a dramatised version of Rabindranath Tagore’s long poem Poojarini . It is 2500 year old story of  a Nati [ danseuse ] , who sacrificed herself because of her devotion of Buddha .

Tagore wrote this all – woman play at the behest of his daughter – in – law . It was first performed in Uttarayan , Shantiniketan on the occasion of Tagore’s 70th birthday . Later on a ticketed performance was staged in New Empire of Kolkata for the aid of Vishwa Bharati . B. N. Sircar of New Theatres saw it there and requested Tagore to make it into a film .

English: Rabindranath Tagore Русский: Тагор, Р...

Rabindranath Tagore (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Tagore , apart from directing the film , also played role of Upala .

Rabindranath Tagore as an Actor in Natir Pooja

Rabindranath Tagore as an Actor in Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Various Scenes of Natir Pooja

Synopsis of Natir Pooja

Synopsis of Natir Pooja

Nitin Bose was the cinematographer of the film . In his later years same Nitin Bose migrated to Mumbai and made many path – breaking films including Dilip Kumar‘s Technicolor ” Ganga Jumna ” .

It is unfortunate and sad that the prints of the film , the only one ever directed by Rabindranath Tagore , were destroyed in a fire that engulfed New Theatres .

I happened to see an article about ” Natir Pooja “ in Screen and was tempted to share it with the students of my acting academy .

It is well-known that Rabindranath Tagore was India’s first Nobel Laureate and the first Asian to get Nobel Prize for literature . It is in common knowledge that he was a poet , story – writer , song – writer , novelist , dramatist , musician , painter and educationist . But it is not in common knowledge that he directed a feature film in Bengali and also acted in it .

I , on behalf of all the students and staff of Vidur’s Kreating Charakters , remember the 8oth anniversary of the film ” Natir Pooja ” , a directorial venture of Rabindranath Tagore .

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

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Some Facts About Karnataka : The Southern Citadel


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           SEPTEMBER 06, 2012           08.00 P.M.

This is not a blog in real sense of the term . Today twitter was abuzz with the Karnataka story . #BJPKarRocks was trending and there were rare facts and news about Karnataka , the only BJP ruled state in South India . These are the facts , which Congress and paid media of India want to hide and which are not known to general public . And these facts make very interesting reading . There are many valuable links to various blogs , twitter handles and YouTube videos , which are of archival importance and they provide fascinating information .

I have taken them from the twitter handle of Mr. Kiran Kumar S and reposted them on my blog .

I express my debt and gratitude .

The Gandaberunda emblem in the Mysore Palace. ...

The Gandaberunda emblem in the Mysore Palace. This is now the official emblem of Karnataka state in India (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Twitter was abuzz with #BJPKarRocks on 6 Sep 2012, which was to inform that BJP Government in Karnataka Rocks. Some selected tweets:

@SanghPariwar #BJPKarRocks : 1st State in the country 2 present separate Agriculture Budget!!! Shown true concern about farmers who are backbones of economy

@SanghPariwar #BJPKarRocks : Under Sujala scheme, 41000 hectare land is developed at a cost of Rs.97 crore!!! Big relief to 6 rain dependent districts!!!

@SunilChunder Nice. RT @bjpkarnataka: Chief Minister Jagadish Shettar on Monday said the state is aiming to add 200mw of solar energy by 2016. #BJPKarRocks

@anilkohli54 #BJPKarRocks : A record royalty collection of Rs 1,184 crore during 2010-11 and Rs 1,280 crore during 2011-12.

@AmitK2K Distributing 2 Lks of bicycles to the students of Government and Aided high schools. #BJPKarRocks

@bjpsamvad Rs. 1376.53 crores has been spent on the distribution of Bonds to 10,18,189 girl beneficiaries from 2006-07 to 2010-11. #bjpkarrocks

@kaushkrahul #BJPKarRocks : Under milk incentive scheme, a sum of 616.28 Crore has been provided to 2 lakh women milk producers co-operative societies

@Sootradhar Karnataka is on the path of peace & prosperity #BJPKarRocks

@MallikarjunMal1 #BJPKarRocks : Amazingly useful & successful tries in public transport. International UITP-ITF Award 4 best innovation in Public Transport!!

‏@jaideepb #BJPkarRocks for the prompt action of Sh. J.Shettar in not allowing unnecessary foreign trips of legislators. 100% honest intent

@naman_kapoor02 #BJPKarRocks leads the nation in biotechnology. It is home to India’s largest biocluster, with 158 of the country’s 320 biotechnology firms.

@AmitK2K Inauguration of 500 mega watt thermal power station at Bellari & for the development project of the Gulbarga Airport. #BJPKarRocks #TrustBJP

Why #BJPKarRocks ? Incidents of Crime against women in 2011. CON ruled AP 28246, MH 15728, RJ 19888. BJP ruled Karnataka? 9594.. much safer!

#BJPKarRocks : Karnataka forms 5% of India’s total population, but in 2011, only 1% of crime against Children in India was reported from KA.

#BJPKarRocks : Bengaluru has nearly half of Dilli’s population. But 2011 crime against children? BLR = 54. DEL = 3398. BLR 32 TIMES safer!

#BJPKarRocks : Number of police personnel killed or injured during duty in 2011 is 132 all across India. In Karnataka ZERO. Safe for cops.

‏@iRohitBhat #BJPKarRocks : Want to stop killing of girl child? Here is d way… Bhagyalakshmi Scheme’s maturity value enhanced to Rs.1 lakh!!!

#BJPKarRocks : Out of 30 districts in Karnataka, only ONE district has less than 900 females per 1000 males. 8 districts have 980+ fem/males

Why #BJPKarRocks ? Because BJP government delivers the most advanced services to people, at nominal costs. Check -> http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?p=94805226

@SuryahSG #BJPKarRocks : National e-Governance award-2011 for development & implementation of Panchatantra Software in the State initiated by BSY!!!

@MullahYogi #BJPKarRocks : 30,735 Krushi Hondas (Farm Ponds) have been constructed at an expenditure of Rs.30 crore under Suvarna Krishi Honda Yojane!!!

The number of incidents of police firing in India in 2011 was 482. In Karnataka? 5. BJP govt has made the state very safe. #BJPKarRocks

@malviyamit #BJPKarRocks : BJP govt in Karnataka rolling. Metro rail reach is just one example. Mumbai metro started at the same time, see fate.

Why #BJPKarRocks ? It took 23 years for Communist government to build 17 km of metro rail in Kolkata. In Bengaluru? 42 KM in 6 years!

@manohar_sram #BJPKarRocks : For taking a unilateral initiative to mend ties with TN. Now Tiruvalluvar statue in Bluru and Sarvagna statue in Chennai

During Congress govts, there were constant friction & even riots between Kannada & Tamil people. During #BJPKarRocks rule? ZERO violence.

#BJPKarRocks : Terrible disease of naming every project or place on fake Gandhis has been cured in Karnataka. Metro named as “Namma” (Our).

#BJPKarRocks : Karnataka got new metro, new airport, 50+ Transit Centers, dozens of highways, bridges & underpasses. NO fake Gandhi names!!

@surnell Just click on #BJPKarRocks to know the great work that has happened under BJP Rule here. For #MSM it was all about Santosh Hegde, Kansraj

Number of people killed in police custody in India during 2011 is 29. In Karnataka? ZERO. Of course #BJPKarRocks in respecting human rights.

#BJPKarRocks : Compare neighbours. Zero lock-up deaths in Karnataka under BJP govt. 11 lock-up deaths (38% of India) in CON ruled AP in 2011

@aravozhukkam #BJPKarRocks though silently done, illegal Bangladeshi immigrant settlements in Banglore were raided & sent back (from grund zero)

#BJPKarRocks : Out of the world’s top 5 leaders, 2 (France & UK) visited Bengaluru first during BJP govt, BEFORE visiting nation’s capital !

#BJPKarRocks : For the first time in the history of India, a state government was asked to prove majority twice in 2 days. Still BJP won:)

2011 Human rights violation by police: CON ruled Delhi: Extortion 14, Failure to act 52 & Atrocities 232. Karnataka? 0, 0 & 0. #BJPKarRocks

#BJPKarRocks : Delhi state has 1/4th pop as Karnataka. But complaints against police? 54 times more. So CON state 212 TIMES worse then BJP!

@dreamndestiny I had been in Banglore two times and the way they are speeding up flyovers it rocks 🙂 #BJPKarRocks In that sense, PuneCongressSucks

#BJPKarRocks :BJP HM at railway station appealing to NE Indians-> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlHIADlN980 … | CON HM at Iftar after blasts-> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcExSrhJTlQ

@malviyamit #BJPKarRocks : Second World Kannada Conference held in Belgaum, 25 years after the first conference which was held in Mysore !

@Tarunvijay #BJPKarRocks : 1st State in the country 2 present separate Agriculture Budget!!! Shown true concern abt farmers who are backbones of economy

#BJPKarRocks : Out of the 25 cleanest cities in India, 5 are in Karnataka. Mysore the 2nd cleanest in the nation! http://www.deccanherald.com/content/68796/mysore-comes-clean-over-blore.html

#BJPKarRocks : In spite of media and CON going hyper active against BJP government, Congress has lost 19 out of the 21 by polls since 2008:)

#BJPKarRocks :Never before in the history of Karnataka or most states, Rs.7,60,000,00,00,000 investment MoUs in 2 days! http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Global-Investors-Meet-pulls-in-Rs-7-6-lakh-crore-investments/articleshow/13946147.cms

#BJPKarRocks : Paid media scared people about “fascists”. But since 2008, there is not ONE riot in KA of 5+ deaths (low in Indian standards)

#BJPKarRocks :In spite of what SCUM media said,Karnataka is the ONLY state in India that elected a CM via MLA secret ballot in 21st century!

#BJPKarRocks : Ron Somers, President of US-India Business Council says: “Karnataka, Gujarat best for investment” -> http://www.rediff.com/money/slide-show/slide-show-1-knataka-gujarat-role-model-states-for-investment-us/20110107.htm

#BJPKarRocks : Has any TV done shows on the spectacular infrastructure growth in Bengaluru? One stunning pic here -> http://twitpic.com/aon4gv

#BJPKarRocks : Congress chamchas harp “Reddy, Reddy”. Show them Sonia’s favourite CON CM’s links & they’ll shut up:) http://kiranasis.blogspot.in/2011/09/reddy-brothers-and-andhra-pradesh.html

@ravighiyar The yield in the dry lands has increased between 25 to 40% after the implementation of Bhoo-Chethana Scheme introduced by #BJPkarRocks

@MallikarjunMal1 #BJPKarRocks : POWER!!! CFL bulbs distributed to 115 lakh houses under “Belaku” Scheme, expected to save 3,300 million units of electricity.

During Congress rule in 2005, Bengaluru’s Bannerghatta road was voted the worst road in India. #BJPKarRocks made it much better

#BJPKarRocks : Between 2008 and 2011, out of 77 lakh pending Civil & Criminal cases, 31 lakh cases settled. Even Supreme Court appreciated!

#BJPKarRocks : BJP govt enhanced IT & BT infra in KA. Result? 40% of India’s software exports now from Karnataka! http://www.ianslive.in/index.php?param=news/Ktaka_targets_Rs4_trillion_software_exports_by_2020-388543/BUSINESS/5

@kirankonnects #BJPKarRocks is nw the top trend here is the latest screenshot pic.twitter.com/C74YAa0M

#BJPKarRocks : During SM Krishna’s CON rule, forest area decreased between 2001 and 2003 in Karnataka. But it increased since 2008 under BJP

@swamibhavyatej Distrib. 1035cr of loans for 4lakhs of farmers, weavers and fishermen in 3% interst. rates in karnataka!! Anna data sukhi bhava!#BJPKarRocks

@malviyamit #BJPKarRocks : Example of progress – Dharwad, Belgaum & Gulbarga received National awards for successful implementation of NREG Programme!

#BJPKarRocks : For those who have never been to Karnataka, please watch this 5 minutes promo video. Breathtaking -> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7G2uyq-qmMk

#BJPKarRocks : President Obama has named many times Bengaluru to run his rhetoric in USA. Show how much importance he is giving to Karnataka

World Bank rated Karnataka as the best in India in Investment Climate Index. Since then #BJPKarRocks has improved it. http://www.hindu.com/2009/01/17/stories/2009011760211000.htm

#BJPKarRocks : Paid media won’t highlight that Karnataka is the 2nd BEST state in implementing PM Gram Sadak Yojna -> http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/article2121882.ece

Listen to Warren Buffet, Lakshmi Mittal and Ratan Tata on what they have to say about Karnataka business-> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7G2uyq-qmMk #BJPKarRocks

#BJPKarRocks : One new MNC sets up business in Karnataka, every WEEK. That’s incredible for job creation -> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7G2uyq-qmMk

#BJPKarRocks :”Oh that was there before BJP came..”. Guys, India was shining in 2004 in the eyes of the world. Sustenance is also important!

@SMedia4 #BJPKarRocks Despite all dissension Infrastructure never stopped in Kar. If they fought for 2 hrs they worked for ppl other 12 hrs

@bjpkarnataka My #Storify story “Twitter sings BJP Government Achievements in Karnataka” http://sfy.co/m8Di

#BJPKarRocks : Listen to Nestle’s chief praising how spectacular he got assistance. In 8 months factory setup fully! -> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7G2uyq-qmMk

#BJPKarRocks : In 2012, plan is to double Karnataka’s GDP by 2020 and create 10,00,000 new jobs. That’s development! -> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7G2uyq-qmMk

‏@Ina_kshk #BJPKarRocks for t sagacity & sensitivity wit which it dealt wit North-East exodus episode. R Ashoka personally reachd out to thm. Laudable

@TheGhyGuy #BJPKarRocks Deputy CM R Ashok came to NE. Met those had to flee, give reassurance to d extent of a PP presentation of security steps taken.

Less than 1000 Manipuris fled Karnataka and HM went to Manipur to assure. 120 days blockade, but Sonia,Rahul, Mannu never seen. #BJPKarRocks

#BJPKarRocks : Have you been to any TTMC in Bengaluru? More than 40 are built by BJP government in just 4 years Pics-> http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1538539

#BJPKarRocks : Do you know that Bengaluru city today has India’s youngest bus fleet? Average bus age of 3.9 years. Wow! http://www.indianexpress.com/news/get-on-the-bangalore-bus/929156/2

#BJPKarRocks : Even a “I am a proud Congressman” Governor Bharadwaj, praised Karnataka’s law and order situation -> http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-01-27/bangalore/28374572_1_governor-bhardwaj-corruption-law-and-order

Karnataka welfare of minorities budget in 2007-08 Rs.97 crores. Since BJP came, Rs.207 cr in 2010-11 and Rs.326 cr for 2011-12. #BJPKarRocks

@iRohitBhat #BJPKarRocks : “Kali-Nali” a huge success in the era of heavily charging private schools!!! Thanks to BJP govts initiation in this regards

#BJPKarRocks : The rate of delivery of ‘Sakaala”, a government speedy processing scheme, is an outstanding 98.4%. Yes! http://nimmasuresh.blogspot.in/2012/04/sakaalas-success-story.html

@SMedia4 I walk through adjacent poor areas,see BJP flags fluttering housetops -women,men,children optimistic/cheerful,I know #BJPKarRocks

This is for all who spent time criticizing Yeddyurappa using #BJPKarRocks tag. Read this, learn Hegde’s hit job, weep. http://www.twitlonger.com/show/ga4onr

@vinod_gowda #BJPKarRocks RT: @Padmajajoshi1: 20 lakh cash reward and a job announced for HN Girisha by Karnataka sports minister

Paid media targets Karnataka because TN & AP have succumbed to missionaries. KL to Jihadis. Only KA fighting both in south. #BJPKarRocks

@MrsGandhi #BJPKarRocks because after all the mud slinging, BS Yeddyuarappa came out even more gracious & dignified! Truly a Leader!!

@hiteshrangra Forming the ‘Koushalya Ayoga’ to train and give the job for 10 lks of Ladies and Gents in next 5 years. #BJPKarRocks

@MrsGandhi #LifeIsGoodWhen you’re living in a progressive BJP ruled state like Karnataka!! #BJPKarRocks

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.kreatingcharakters.net

www.vidurfilms.com

www.twitter.com/VidurChaturvedi

www.facebook.com/vidur.chaturvedi

www.jaibhojpuri.com/profile/VidurChaturvedi

Adieu Mr. Prabuddha Dasgupta !


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           AUGUST 14 , 2012           00.30 A.M.

Prabuddha Dasgupta

Prabuddha Dasgupta

We lost our finest black & white fashion photographer Prabuddha Dasgupta on August 12 , 2012 . He died of heart attack at the age of 58 during a shoot in Alibaug near Mumbai .

Born in Kolkata , West Bengal in 1959 , Dasgupta started his life in Mumbai in the fashion industry as a copywriter and later on moved to fashion photography . In early 80s , he approached Mr. Mohammed Khan of Enterprise for a job as a fashion photographer . Though Mr. Khan wanted him to join his company as a copywriter only but later on acquiesced to hire him as a photographer , a decision he never lamented .

His first assignment was the print campaign for Pierre Cardin , the renowned French fashion designer . After this Prabuddha Dasgupta never looked back .

Pierre Cardin

Pierre Cardin (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Apart from Enterprise , Dasgupta worked for The Times of India and Femina also as a freelancer .

Femina (India)

Femina (India) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

His culled and selected photographs were published in a book form by Viking Books and is titled ” Women ” [ 1996 ] .

Posting some of his black & white photographs , which are my favourites :

Maharani Gayatri Devi

Maharani Gayatri Devi

Image of An Anonymous Woman

Image of An Anonymous Woman

Image of An Anonymous Woman

Image of An Anonymous Woman

Image of An Anonymous Man

Image of An Anonymous Man

A Road

A Road

Nature

Nature

Ladakh

Ladakh

Urban Image

Urban Images

Lakshmi Menon , the famous model , was his model and muse .

With Lakshmi Menon

With Lakshmi Menon

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

www.twitter.com/VidurChaturvedi

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100 Years of Our National Anthem : Jana Gana Mana ….


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           DECEMBER 29 , 2011           02.25 A.M.

Portrait of Bharat Mata

On December 27 , 2011 , our National Anthem completed 100 years . Written by Rabindra Nath Tagore in Bengali , it was first sung on December 27 . 1911 in the Calcutta [ Now Kolkata ] session of Indian National Congress . The building , where plenary session of Congress was held is called Bharat Sabha . It is on Bowbazar Street . That building still stands and is the silent reminder of that historical event .

Bharat Sabha on Bowbazar Street , Where Jana Gana Mana Was First Sung

Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel prize for li...

Rabindra Nath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore wrote 5 stanzas of the song , which is basically a Brahmo Hymn . Only the first stanza was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem on January 24 , 1950 . Here I am giving all the 5 stanzas along with the English translation done by Rabindranath Tagore himself .

Rabindranath Tagore at His Writing Desk

[ 1 ] = Jano Gano Mano Adhinaayako Jayo Hey,Bhaarato Bhaagyo Bidhaataa
Panjaabo Sindhu Gujaraato Maraathaa,Draabiro Utkalo Bango
Bindhyo Himaachalo Jamunaa Gangaa, Uchchhalo Jalodhi Tarango
Tabo Shubho Naamey Jaagey, Tabo Shubho Aashisho Maagey
Gaahey Tabo Jayogaathaa
Jano Gano Mangalo Daayako, Jayo Hey Bhaarato Bhaagyo Bidhaataa
Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey,Jayo Jayo Jayo, Jayo Hey

[ Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,Dispenser of India‘s destiny,
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat & Maratha,of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal,
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges,
And is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea. They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise,
The saving of all people waits in thy hands,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny,
Victory, Victory, Victory to thee. ]

[ 2 ] = Ohoroho Tobo Aahbaano Prachaarito,Shuni Tabo Udaaro Baani

Hindu Bauddho Shikho Jaino,Parashiko Musholmaano Christaani

Purabo Pashchimo Aashey,Tabo Singhaasano Paashey
Premohaaro Hawye Gaanthaa
Jano Gano Oikyo Bidhaayako Jayo Hey,Bhaarato Bhaagyo Bidhaataa
Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey,Jayo Jayo Jayo, Jayo Hey

[ Day and night, thy voice goes out from land to land,
calling the Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains round thy throne and the Parsees, Mussalmans and Christians.
Offerings are brought to thy shrine by the East and the West
To be woven in a garland of love.
Thou bringeth the hearts of all people into the harmony of one life,Thou Dispenser of India’s destiny,
Victory, Victory, Victory to thee.” ]

[ 3 ] = Potono Abhbhudoy Bandhuro Ponthaa,Jugo Jugo Dhaabito Jaatri
Hey Chiro Saarothi, Tabo Ratha Chakrey Mukhorito Potho Dino Raatri
Daaruno Biplabo Maajhey,Tabo Shankhodhwoni Bajey
Sankato Dukkho Traataa
Jano Gano Potho Parichaayako,Jayo Hey Bhaarato Bhaagyo Bidhaataa
Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey,Jayo Jayo Jayo, Jayo Hey

[ The procession of pilgrims passes over the endless road, rugged with the rise and fall of nations;
and it resounds with the thunder of thy wheel.Eternal Charioteer!
Through the dire days of doom thy trumpet sounds, and men are led by thee across death.
Thy finger points the path to all people.
Oh dispenser of India’s destiny!
Victory, victory, victory to thee. ]

[ 4 ] = Ghoro Timiro Ghono Nibiro,Nishithey Peerito Murchhito Deshey

Jagrato Chhilo Tabo Abicholo Mangalo,Noto Nayoney Animeshey
Duhswapney Aatankey,Rokkhaa Koriley Ankey
Snehamoyi Tumi Maataaa
Jano Gano Duhkho Trayako,Jayo Hey Bhaarato Bhaagyo Bidhaataa
Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey,Jayo Jayo Jayo, Jayo Hey

[ The darkness was dense and deep was the night; my country lay in a deathlike silence of swoon.
 But thy mother arms were round her and thine eyes gazed upon her troubled face
in sleepless love through her hours of ghastly dreams.
Thou art the companion and the saviour of the people in their sorrows,
thou dispenser of India’s destiny!
Victory, victory, victory to thee. ]

[ 5 ] = Raatri Prabhatilo Udilo Rabichhabi, Purbo Udayo Giri Bhaaley
Gaahey Bihangamo Punyo Samirano, Nabo Jibano Rasho Dhaley
Tabo Karunaaruno Ragey,Nidrito Bhaarato Jagey
Tabo Chorone Noto Maatha
Jayo Jayo Jayo Hey, Jayo Rajeshwaro, Bhaarato Bhaagyo Bidhaataa
Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey, Jayo Hey,Jayo Jayo Jayo, Jayo Hey

[ The night fades;the light breaks over the peaks of the Eastern hills,
the birds begin to sing and the morning breeze carries the breath of new life.
The rays of the mercy have touched the waking land with their blessings.
Victory to the King of Kings,
victory to thee, dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee. ]

Rabindranath Tagore at His Writing Desk

Music Notes of Jana Gana Mana

I am giving all the 5 stanzas of Jana Gana Mana ….. in Bengali script .

জনগণমন-অধিনায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা দ্রাবিড় উৎকল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা উচ্ছলজলধিতরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে,        তব শুভ আশিষ মাগে,
গাহে তব জয়গাথা।
জনগণমঙ্গলদায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

অহরহ তব আহ্বান প্রচারিত, শুনি তব উদার বাণী
হিন্দু বৌদ্ধ শিখ জৈন পারসিক মুসলমান খৃস্টানী
পূরব পশ্চিম আসে       তব সিংহাসন-পাশে
প্রেমহার হয় গাঁথা।
জনগণ-ঐক্য-বিধায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

পতন-অভ্যুদয়-বন্ধুর পন্থা, যুগ যুগ ধাবিত যাত্রী।
হে চিরসারথি, তব রথচক্রে মুখরিত পথ দিনরাত্রি।
দারুণ বিপ্লব-মাঝে       তব শঙ্খধ্বনি বাজে
সঙ্কটদুঃখত্রাতা।
জনগণপথপরিচায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

ঘোরতিমিরঘন নিবিড় নিশীথে পীড়িত মূর্ছিত দেশে
জাগ্রত ছিল তব অবিচল মঙ্গল নতনয়নে অনিমেষে।
দুঃস্বপ্নে আতঙ্কে       রক্ষা করিলে অঙ্কে
স্নেহময়ী তুমি মাতা।
জনগণদুঃখত্রায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

রাত্রি প্রভাতিল, উদিল রবিচ্ছবি পূর্ব-উদয়গিরিভালে –
গাহে বিহঙ্গম, পূণ্য সমীরণ নবজীবনরস ঢালে।
তব করুণারুণরাগে       নিদ্রিত ভারত জাগে
তব চরণে নত মাথা।
জয় জয় জয় হে জয় রাজেশ্বর ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে।।

English: English translation of Jana Gana Mana...

English Translation of Jana Gana Mana in Tagore's Hand-Writing - Part 1

English: English translation of Jana Gana Mana...

English Translation of Jana Gana Mana in Tagore's Hand-Writing - Part 2

It is unfortunate that our National Anthem is mired in controversies . The poem was composed in December 1911, precisely at the time of the Coronation Durbar of George V, and “Bharat Bhagya vidhata” and “Adhinayaka” is considered by some to be in praise of King George V and not God. The composition was first sung during a convention of the then loyalist Indian National Congress in Calcutta on Dec. 26, 1911.It was sung on the second day of the convention, and the agenda of that day devoted itself to a loyal welcome of George V on his visit to India. The event was reported thus in the British Indian press :

“The Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore sang a song composed by him specially to welcome the Emperor.” (Statesman, Dec. 28, 1911)

“The proceedings began with the singing by Rabindranath Tagore of a song specially composed by him in honour of the Emperor.” (Englishman, Dec. 28, 1911)

“When the proceedings of the Indian National Congress began on Wednesday 27th December 1911, a Bengali song in welcome of the Emperor was sung. A resolution welcoming the Emperor and Empress was also adopted unanimously.” (Indian, Dec. 29, 1911)

Many historians aver that the newspaper reports cited above were misguided. The confusion arose in British Indian press since a different song, “Badshah Humara” written in Hindi by Rambhuj Chaudhary , was sung on the same occasion in praise of the monarch. The nationalist Indian press stated this difference of events clearly:-

“The proceedings of the Congress party session started with a prayer in Bengali to praise God (song of benediction). This was followed by a resolution expressing loyalty to King George V. Then another song was sung welcoming King George V.” (Amrita Bazar Patrika, Dec.28,1911)

“The annual session of Congress began by singing a song composed by the great Bengali poet Ravindranath Tagore. Then a resolution expressing loyalty to King George V was passed. A song paying a heartfelt homage to King George V was then sung by a group of boys and girls.” (The Bengalee, Dec. 28, 1911)

Even the report of the annual session of the Indian National Congress of December 1911 stated this difference:

“On the first day of 28th annual session of the Congress, proceedings started after singing Vande Mataram. On the second day the work began after singing a patriotic song by Babu Ravindranath Tagore. Messages from well wishers were then read and a resolution was passed expressing loyalty to King George V. Afterwards the song composed for welcoming King George V and Queen Mary was sung.”

On 10 November 1937 Tagore wrote a letter to Mr Pulin Bihari Sen about the controversy. That letter in Bengali can be found in Tagore’s biography Ravindrajivani, volume II page 339 by Prabhatkumar Mukherjee.

“A certain high official in His Majesty’s service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata [ed. God of Destiny] of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India’s chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense.”

Again in his letter of 19 March 1939 Tagore writes,

“I should only insult myself if I cared to answer those who consider me capable of such unbounded stupidity as to sing in praise of George the Fourth or George the Fifth as the Eternal Charioteer leading the pilgrims on their journey through countless ages of the timeless history of mankind.” (Purvasa, Phalgun, 1354, p738.)

Moreover, Tagore was a patriot who wrote other songs too apart from “Jana gana Mana” lionizing the Indian independence movement. He renounced his knighthood in protest against the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. The  Knighthood i.e. the title of ‘Sir’ was conferred on him by the same King George V after receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature for “Gitanjali” from the government of Sweden. Two of Tagore’s more politically charged compositions, “Chitto Jetha Bhayshunyo” (“Where the Mind is Without Fear” :Gitanjali Poem#35) and “Ekla Chalo Re” (“If They Answer Not to Thy Call, Walk Alone”), gained mass appeal, with the latter favoured by Gandhiji and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose .

In 1919, Tagore travelled to Madanapalle in Andhra Pradesh and spent five days at the Theosophical College with Irish poet James H. Cousins, who was the principal.

On the evening of February 28, 1919, the poet, for the first time, sang the inspiring devotional song and enthralled the college authorities, who selected it as the prayer song.

Tagore subsequently translated the lyrics into English and with the help of Cousins’ wife, Margaret, who was an expert in western music, set down the notation which is being followed till today.

This opened the window for the song to reach national and international audiences.

I personally believe that Gurudev , as he was fondly called  , was a patriot and he created Jana Gana Mana ….. in the honour of Bharat Mata . It was a Brahmo Hymn and not a song in the honour of King George the 5th .

If still people want to raise an accusing finger , it should be pointed at the Congress . The Indian National Congress even passed a resolution praising King George the 5th. A confusion was created by ignorant people and Tagore was blamed for subservient behaviour and the Congress conveniently forgot its resolution praising and hailing the King George 5th of Great Britain . Indian National Congress still keeps enigmatic silence and feigns ignorance , when Tagore is accused for praising the King George V .

It is shameful !

[ Certain portions of this blog is re – produced from Wikipedia and various other sources on internet . I am indebted . I express mu gratitude . ]

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

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100 Years of New Delhi


MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           DECEMBER 15 , 2011           01.15 A.M.

On December 12 , 2011 New Delhi completed 100 years of its existence . During British period Calcutta [ now Kolkata ] was the capital of India . During Dilli Darbar of King George 5th ,  foundation stone for the new capital of Indian Empire was laid and thus New Delhi came into existence . It took three and a half months for the British government to decide on shifting the capital . Total cost of shifting was 4 million sterling pound .

1ST AVATAR – HASTINAPUR : It is needless to say that Dilli , now known as Delhi , is much older city . It is one of the oldest existing cities in the world along with Varanasi and Jerusalem . Seat of power since Mahabharat days , Dilli was then known to the world as Hastinapur . Kingdom of mythical Maharaj Shantanu and his descendants ; Kauravas and Pandavas ruled from here and this era ended with Parikshit and Janamejaya . It happened 5,000 years ago . It is said and believed that Purana Qila or Old Fort was built on the same place , where the mythical kingdom of Pandavas once existed . This is the first avatar of Dilli .

Purana Qila ramparts, Delhi.

Purana Qila

Though modern history starts with the Sultanate Period [ 12th century ] but existence of Iron Pillar near Qutub Minar indicates that Gupta Kings must have some kind of authority over Dilli as the Iron Pillar , which is situated in the Qutub Minar compound , was built by king Kumar Gupta 1 of Gupta dynasty .

English: The iron pillar in the Qutb complex n...

Iron Pillar near Qutub Minar

2ND AVATAR – QILA  RAI PITHORA : 2nd avatar of Dilli began to take shape with the Tomar kings . They stablished their capital here . Anangpal was the first Tomar king . Prithvi Raj Chauhan defeated Tomars and stablished Chauhan dynasty . Legendary Prithvi Raj Chauhan was , incidentally , the last Hindu ruler of Dilli . Ruins of his fort Lal Kot , now known as Qila Rai Pithora , is still there . Prithvi Raj Chauhan was defeated by Muhammad Gori and was taken to Ghazni as prisoner , where he died . With his death Chauhan era ended . With the end of this era 2nd avatar of Dilli also lost importance .

3RD AVATAR – MEHRAULI : After Prithvi Raj Chauhan’s defeat and his subsequent banishment , Qutubuddin Aibak became the ruler of Dilli and made Mehrauli his kingdom . Qutub Minar is testimony of his rule . Thus Mehrauli became the 3rd avatar of Dilli .

Qutab Minar in Delhi, India

Qutub Minar

4TH AVATAR – SIRI : 4th avatar of Dilli was built by Alauddin Khilji . Alauddin Khilji made his new capital at Siri . His tomb is situated nearby in Qutub Minar complex .

Siri Fort

Siri Fort

Tomb of Alauddin Khilji, Qutub Minar complex, ...

Tomb of Alauddin Khilji

5TH AVATAR – TUGHLAQABAD : 5th avatar of Dilli was built during the Tughlaq period . It was built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq and its name was Tughlaqabad .

6TH AVATAR – JAHAPANAH : 6th city was built by Mohammad Bin Tughlaq , named Jahapanah . It was situated between Siri and Qila Rai Pithora .

7TH AVATAR – FEROZABAD : 7th avatar was Ferozabad , also called Feroz Shah Kotla . Firozabad was built by Feroz Shah Tughlaq .

English: Remains of buildings at Firoze Shah K...

Feroz Shah Kotla

8TH AVATAR – SHERGARH : 8th avatar was built by Sher Shah Suri . It’s name was  Shergarh . It was situated near the mythical Indraprastha of Pandavas .

Lal Darwaza or Sher Shah Suri Gate, near Puran...

Sher Shah Suri Gate near Purana Qila

Lal Darwaza (Red Gate)or Sher Shah Gate, with ...

Sher Shah Suri Gate near Purana Qila

9TH AVATAR – LODHI GARDEN : 9th avatar was built during the reign of Lodhi rulers . It is known as  Lodhi garden .

10TH AVATAR – SHAHJAHANABAD : 10th avatar of Dilli is Shahjahanabad . It was built as the kingdom of Shahjahan . It was a walled city with 6 gates . Lal Qila and Chandni Chowk are part of this city built by Shahjahan. Lal Qila or Red Fort is engrained in the memory of every Indian as the symbol of Dilli . Indian Tricolour was unfurled from the ramparts of Red Fort on August 14 , 1947 . It is a custom , which is still followed on the Independence Day .

Bird's eye View of Old Delhi.

Purani Dilli.

11TH AVATAR – NEW DELHI : Then comes New Delhi or Nai Dilli , the 11th avatar , which is also known as Lutyen’s Delhi . It is believed to be the 11th city of Dilli within Dilli . Leading British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker were appointed as the main architects of the new city . The new capital was named  New Delhi in 1927 and was inaugurated on February 13 , 1927 by Lord Irwin .

On December 12 , 2011 New Delhi celebrated 100 years of its existence . Magnificent Rashtrapati Bhawan , and the administrative headquarters , known as North Block and South Block amply testify the tale of New Delhi . A city of intrigues , political conspiracies and game Delhi or Dilli stands supreme and was resurrected every time after its destruction .

Along with Jerusalem , Dilli also tells age-old tales of survival and is now a modern metropolis . I conclude this blog with a Hindi poem , which I read years ago and in my opinion these lines tell the tale of Dilli , which is now known as New Delhi .

अपनी करनी के फल तुझ को ,
कुछ तो करते होंगे उदास ;
आखिर तू भी है दिल वाली ,
कुछ तो डरती होगी दिल्ली ||

VIDUR

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

www.twitter.com/VidurChaturvedi

www.jaibhojpuri.com/profile/VidurChaturvedi

 

 

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