Mrinal Sen – The Last of the Triumvirate


Mrinal Sen

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           January 03, 2019           06.30 P.M. 

Mrinal Sen

[ 14 May 1923 – 30 December 2018 ]

Mrinal Sen was a Bengali filmmaker based in Kolkata. Along with his contemporaries Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak, he was often considered to be one of the greatest ambassadors of Bengali parallel cinema on the global stage. Like the works of Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak, his cinema was known for its artistic depiction of social reality. The three directors were ardent admirers of each other’s work, and in so doing, they charted the independent trajectory of parallel cinema, as a counterpoint to the mainstream fare of Hindi cinema in India.

Minal Sen first feature film, Raat Bhore  [ 1955 ] featured Uttam Kumar who was not yet the Major star of Bengali cinema that he became. The movie was a let-down. His next film, Neel Akasher Neechey  [ 1958) ] earned him local recognition, while his third film, Baishey Shravan [ 1960 ] was the first film that gave him international exposure.

After making five more films, he made a film with a shoestring budget provided by the Government of India. This film, Bhuvan Shome  [ 1969 ] finally launched him as a major filmmaker, both nationally and internationally. Bhuvan Shome also initiated the “New Cinema” film movement in India.

Mrinal Sen had been suffering from age related ailments for many years. He died on 30 December 2018 at the age of 95 at his home in Bhawanipore, Kolkata.

 

Funeral Procession of Mrinal Sen

I came to know about him when his film Bhuvan Shome [ 1969 ] was released. It was the year when I just finished intermediate from Government Inter College , Allahabad [ now PRAYAGRAJ ] and took admission in Allahabad University. I was curious about the film but I could not watch it. I became aware of Mrinal Sen because of the buzz around the film.

Poster of BHUVAN SHOME

After  Bhuvan Shome , other gems like Interview [ 1971 ] , Ek Adhuri Kahani  [ 1971 ] , Calcutta 71  [ 1972 ] , Padatik [ 1973 ] , Chorus [ 1974 ] and Mrigayaa [ 1976 ] were released in quick succession.

 

Poster of MRIGAYAA

Mrigayaa [ 1976 ] became talk of the town . It introduced a naxalite as the protagonist. His name was Mithun Chakraborty. He got national award for the best actor for the film and soon became a sensation and later on came to be known as poor man’s Amitabh Bachchan.

Mrinal Sen was an ardent follower of Marxist philosophy. This is precisely the reason , I avoided watching his films. Till date I have watched none of his films . Neither Bhuvan Shome nor even Mrigayaa .

After his demise , I am thinking of watching all his films. List of awards , which his films won , tell us about his craft and his greatness.

 

National awards

National Film Award for Best Feature Film

National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali

National Film Award for Best Direction

International awards 

Moscow International Film Festival – Silver Prize
1975 Chorus[13]
1979 Parashuram[14]
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival – Special Jury Prize
1977 Oka Oori Katha
Berlin International Film Festival
Interfilm Award
1979 Parashuram
1981 Akaler Sandhane
Grand Jury Prize[15]
1981 Akaler Sandhane
Cannes Film Festival – Jury Prize
1983 Kharij
Valladolid International Film Festival – Golden Spike
1983 Kharij
Chicago International Film Festival – Gold Hugo
1984 Khandhar
Montreal World Film Festival – Special Prize of the Jury
1984 Khandhar
Venice Film Festival – OCIC Award – Honorable Mention
1989 Ek Din Achanak
Cairo International Film Festival – Silver Pyramid for Best Director
2002 Aamar Bhuban

 

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On behalf of all the students & staff of VIDUR Acting Institute , VIDUR Editing Studio , VIDUR Club and VIDUR Merchandise, I offer my condolences and tribute. It is sad that because of the aversion of Marxism , I refrained from watching his films .

[ Basic information about Mrinal Sen has been taken from Wikipedia . His photo posted here is from Google,  I express gratitude .]

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Mahatma Gandhi’s Assassination & R. S. S. : Facts & Fiction


Deutsch: Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948), polit...

Mahatma Gandhi

MUMBAI – MAHARASHTRA – INDIA           JANUARY 31 , 2012           01.25 A.M.

January 30 , 2012 just ended .  On this very day , 64 years ago , Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse  . It was January 30 , 1948 .

Nathuram Godse

No murder can be justified . violence has no place in today’s civil society . And Mahatma Gandhi is considered the apostle of peace and non – violence . It is irony that this apostle of non – violence was violently assassinated .

Funeral Procession of Mahatma Gandhi

I am not writing this blog to express my condemnation of this gruesome murder . No one can justify it . This blog is to refute the accusation that some Hindu organizations like Hindu Mahasabha and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh [ R. S. S. ] were behind this murder .

Congress , The Indian national Congress has a well oiled dirty trick propaganda machinery . They started their rule in 1947 with immense goodwill . But an astute politician Jawahar Lal Nehru knew that this goodwill is not going to last till eternity . So they wanted to eliminate all possible opposition . Nehru was particularly wary of Hindu Nationalist movement and its leaders . So in Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination , he found a perfect opportunity to defame and denigrate Hindu Nationalist leaders.

Shri Golwarkar - 2nd R.S.S. Chief

Veer Savarkar - Leader Hindu Mahasabha

Public adulation for Mahatma Gandhi was at its peak . After his assassination sympathy was all – pervading and public outcry was unprecedented . To utilize this public outcry and make maximum use of public anger , the dirty trick machinery of Congress , The Indian National Congress was activated . Congress blamed R. S. S. for the murder and several respected Hindu leaders were implicated in the Gandhi Murder Case .

Mahatma Gandhi Assassination Trial in Court

All the accused were put to trial . Case was filed in the court on May 27 , 1948 and reached to its logical end on November 08 , 1949 . Nathuram Godse was sentenced to death . After a week Godse , along with Narayan Apte , a co – conspirator , was hanged at Ambala Jail on November 15 , 1949 . It should have been the logical conclusion of this infamous case .

Veer Savarkar , who was also charged with the conspiracy , was acquitted and subsequently released from prison . Rashtriya Swayamsevak sangh [ R.S.S. ] , which was banned by Congress , The Indian national Congress , was found not guilty by the Commission of Inquiry . Ban was subsequently lifted in 1949 .

Group photo of Hindu Mahasabha. Standing: Shan...

Veer Savarkar & Godse with Hindu Mahasabha Leaders

For any law – abiding organization the case should have been ended here . But Congress leaders of the day knew that they have a good stick to beat Hindu leaders , particularly the R. S. S. Therefore they continued the tirade . They accused that Godse was a homosexual and propagated this theory and they further made insinuation that he was a swayamsevak of R. S. S.

Nathuram Godse left R. S. S. in the 30s . It was 20 years before he assassinated Mahatma Gandhi . Even if we accept that he was a member , should all his actions be attributed to the organization ? Present day General Secretary of Congress , The Indian National Congress , Digvijaya Singh a.k.a. Diggi Raja says something about Batala Encounter case and The Congress says that it is his personal view . He keeps on burping his personal views on every matter under the Sun , which are contrary to the official views of Congress , though he is the office bearer . If Diggi Raja is entitled to his personal views and actions and Congress , The Indian National Congress is not responsible for his controversial personal ( ? ) views , how could R.S.S. be responsible for the controversial action of  a person , who left the organisation 20 years prior to the assassination ? But no , Congress knows that it is a suitable stick to beat the opposition .

In para 27 of his statement in the court , Godse mentioned names of Dadabhai Naoroji , Swami Vivekanand , Gopal Krishna Gokhale and  Bal gangadhar Tilak as his idols . In the same para he stated that he was very much inspired by the ancient and modern histories of India , England , France , U.S.A. and Russia . He proclaimed that he adheres to the tenets of Socialism and Marxism .

Nathuram Godse

Not only Hinduism but Socialism and Marxism were also his tenets of political belief . May I ask why Congress never highlights this fact ? Why Communists are not held responsible for Godse’s actions ? A play called ” Me Nathuram Godse Boltoy ” also amplifies his views .

But not giving publicity to the expressed and clear views of Godse , Congress , The Indian National Congress still harps on the false propaganda that Hindu organizations and R.S.S. killed Mahatma Gandhi . In my opinion they fear the might of R.S.S. and hence the dirty trick machinery of Congress , The Indian National Congress still shamelessly propagates the falsehood .

R.S.S. Congregation

I wrote this blog to express my respect for Mahatma Gandhi and make my point clear on some facts and some fictions of his assassination . I wanted to make it clear that Congress , The Indian National Congress exploits even Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination for its benefit .

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