Bhojpuri Language – 1 [ Origin & History ]


Bhojpuri is a language spoken in parts of north-central and eastern India. It is spoken in the western part of state of Bihar, the northwestern part of Jharkhand, and thePurvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh(UP), as well as adjoining parts of the Nepal Terai. Bhojpuri is also spoken in GuyanaSurinameFijiTrinidad and Tobago and Mauritius. The variant of Bhojpuri of the Surinamese Hindustanis is also referred to as Sarnami Hindi or just Sarnami and has experienced considerable Creole and Dutch lexical influence. More Indians in Suriname know Bhojpuri compared to Guyana and Trinidad where the language is largely forgotten.

Distribution of Hindi languages.

Image via Wikipedia - Hindi Speaking Regions

Bhojpuri is part of the Eastern-Hindi or Bengali continuum of languages which once extended from Assam and Bengal to Benaras. While the rest of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh slowly adopted the new Hindi standard (Khadi Boli), the language remained strong in the areas between Patna and Benaras.

Hindi proper, as outlined in this description.

Image via Wikipedia - Basic Hindi Speaking Regions

Bhojpuri and several closely related languages, including Maithili and Magadhi, are together known as the Bihari languages. They are part of the Eastern Zone group of Indo-Aryan languages which includes Bengali and Oriya.

Genealogically, Bengali belongs to the group o...

Image via Wikipedia - Regions of Indo-Aryan Languages

The scholar, polymath and polyglot Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan wrote some works in Bhojpuri. Other eminent writers include Viveki Rai. The number of Bhojpuri writers is small compared to the number of speakers. Some other notable Bhojpuri personalities are legendary freedom fighter Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, first president of India Rajendra PrasadManoj Bajpai, and former Indian prime minister Lal Bahadur ShastriChandra ShekharBihar Kokila Padma Shri Sharda Sinha is a famous Bhojpuri folk singer.

Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan (Greatest Indian...

Image via Wikipedia - Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan

Number of speakers

Map of South America

Image via Wikipedia - Map of South America

According to an article published in Times of India, a total of 150 million people in India speak Bhojpuri. An estimated 70 million people in Uttar Pradesh and 80 million people in Bihar speak Bhojpuri as their first or second language. There are 6 million Bhojpuri speakers living outside of Bihar and Purvanchal. These areas include Nepal, especially BirgunjMauritiusFijiSurinameGuyanaUgandaSingaporeTrinidad & TobagoSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesGreat BritainCanada and the United States. This makes the total Bhojpuri speaking population in the world close to 90 million.  However, the official figures of the 2001 Indian Census are much lower, showing 33 million speakers of the Bhojpuri dialect under the Hindi language sub-family.

A map showing the distribution of Indo-Aryan l...

Image via Wikipedia - Map of Indo-Aryan Languages

Bhojpuri dialects, varieties, and creoles are also spoken in various parts of the world, including BrazilFijiGuyanaMauritiusSouth AfricaSuriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. During the late 19th century and early 20th century, many colonizers faced labor shortages and were unable to obtain slaves from Africa due to the abolition of slavery; thus, they imported many Indians as indentured servants to labor on plantations. Today, many Indians in the West IndiesOceania, and South America still speak Bhojpuri as a native or second language.

Map of Central America, see https://www.cia.go...

Image via Wikipedia - Map of Central America

The Bhojpuri language has been heavily influenced by other languages in many parts of the world. Mauritian Bhojpuri includes many Creole and English words, while the language spoken in Trinidad and Tobago includes Caribbean and English words.

The Sunday Indian, Bhojpuri Association of India and Global Bhojpuri Movement has launched a worldwide movement for the Recognition, Promotion and Preservation of Bhojpuri Language, Art, Culture, Literature and society.

http://www.bhojpurimovement.ning.com http://www.bhojpuriindia.org. http://www.thesundayindian.com

[ This not my original writing. Major portions of this blog are taken from various sources on the internet. I am indebted and express my gratitude. This cut – paste was done for the readers , who are not net-savvy but they want to know about Bhojpuri and also for the future reference of myself. ]

Vidur

Mumbai – Maharashtra – India

www.vidur.co.in

www.vidurfilms.com

www.twitter.com/VidurChaturvedi

www.jaibhojpuri.com/profile/VidurChaturvedi

Commonwealth Sh..(g)ames


As we all know Commonwealth Games 2010 are about to start in Delhi within a week, precisely on October 03 , 2010.  A symbol of the dying and fading British Empire , Commonwealth is the group of all the nations, which were under the  British rule at some point of time or other. A decaying and fading British Empire thought that at least through this group they can ameliorate their sense of loss and can feel proud and can show the world that once upon a time , UK used to rule upon such a big chunk of the hemisphere. Now this group has 72 countries as members and barring USA, which also was under British rule once upon a time, all the nations once ruled by UK, are part of the Commonwealth.

Personally I have no problem with the Commonwealth. Our first Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru, loved everything British, so he was not willing to snap relations from the UK permanently. And because of this fact, the shameful symbol of our 200 years of slavery continues. We were eager to host 19th CWG [ Commonwealth Games ] and got a chance to host it in Delhi. We got the confirmation in 2003 and in spite of the seven long years, we were unable to complete all the construction works and all the other facilities at the CWG Village. Last couple of days were very disturbing for me. Every newspaper, every TV channel and all the tweets of various eminent people on the micro-blogging site twitter were full of negative reports on the CWG , being held in New Delhi. CWG are starting within a week but media coverage of the facilities in the CWG complex were disparaging. Almost all the countries , almost all the officials were very critical of the facilities being provided in the CWG village. Few days back BBC showed 15 photos of the the CWG village. There were filth and muck in the bathrooms,and marks of dogs paws on the mattresses.  Now whole word knows the facts and saw it too. 2010 CWG, Delhi’s predecessors , 2002 CWG , Manchester and 2006 CWG , Melbourne were not only successful but are appreciated even today for the opulence and grandeur. Another example also being sited as the mark of excellence ,  is the 2008 Olympics , Beijing. Compared to Beijing Olympic, India‘s CWG looks like a symbol of sheer incompetence. I was ashamed to read the following tweet of Salmaan Taseer,  the Governor of the Pakistani Punjab :

SalmaanTaseer

Compare Beijing Olympics. Wth Delhi CWG INDIA SHINING

Some other remarks by the people,  who matter, are no less disparaging. Let us go through some glaring ones :

Dave Currie – [ New Zealand Chief of Mission ] :

” We’ve lost faith in the Organizing  Committee. Every time we raised an issue [ we received ] ‘ yes that will be fixed tomorrow ‘ , but you know that it wont be fixed . Its hard to work with someone if they dont admit a problem.”

Julia Gillard [ Australian Prime Minister ] :

There is obviously widespread concern about the games. The decision on whether to attend is a matter for individuals .

Craig Hunter [ England Chief of  Mission ] :

We looked at some towers today……They are deep in water and extremely uninhabitable and quite dagerous in many respects .

It is now alleged that we bribed 72 countries to get Delhi CWG. According to Daily Telegraph, India gave 100,000 in US Dollars to each country and got the CWG. India beat Canadian city Hamilton by 46-22 votes in the final rounds. In spite of the facts that our record was never great in CWG, we were eager to host the game. We got it in 2003 and yet we failed to put our house in order. Watch the following chart to know about our records in the CWG :

India in the Commonwealth Games

Image via Wikipedia - India in the Commonwealth Games

In spite of all these criticim, in spite of all the news that various nations are thinking of not coming for the games, in spite of the news of several players deciding to withdraw from the games, Suresh Kalmadi, Chairman CWG OC [ Commonwealth Games Organizing Committee ] is not perturbed. After 15 photos of the CWG Village were put on the BBC website, he was nonchalant and proudly proclaimed, ” From today, everything is going to be fine.I know how to take criticism in my stride. We will have a good game and we will take care of evrything. ”

Equally shameless were the remarks of Lalit Bhanot,  Secretary General of CWG OC , ” They [ athletes ] may not be able to sustain their performance so they find some reason to not participate, but these things happen in every competition. ”

Mr. Lalit Bhanot’s other comment about the difference of the concept of Western standard of hygiene and our standard of hygiene is equally deplorable and unpardoable.

Damage has been done. Atal Bihari Vajpayee‘s ” India Shinning ” is now ” India Ashamed ” under Man Mohan Singh. Our reputation has been damaged irreparably. Our national pride lies bruised and battered. A defaced and defiled nation looks helplessly. The Prime Minister held meetings with M. S. Gill and Jai Pal Reddy, to salvage the situation. Its like Sunil Shetty having a seminar on acting with Aftab Shivdasani and Vivek Mushran. Culprits are roaming free with immunity. Blame is thrust on the head of Suresh Kalmadi , Chairman CWG OC , alone. Is Sheila Dikshit not responsible ? Is Man Mohan Singh not responsible ? And what about Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi ? They rush to take credit of everything , which is successful and good. At this juncture of National Shame they both are silent like sphinx. Are they not responsible for the mess ? Instead of touring the remote corners of country, should not Rahul Gandhi take charge and try to salvage the situation in Delhi? At this juncture, isn’t CWG and our prestige more important than dining in the kitchen of a Dalit ? Doesn’t always acerbic and uncouth Mani Shankar Aiyer need a tight slap on his ugly and abominable face for saying that I will be happy if CWG  flops ?

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the first BJP Prime Mini...

Image via Wikipedia - Atal Bihari Vajpayee , the first BJP Prime Minister

Today as I am about to post the blog, I read that yesterday Akhil Kumar’s bed collapsed when he sat on it. Today a snake was found in one of the rooms. I saw the news that even Botswana is complaining about the CWG Village’s hygiene and the unlivable conditions. I hang my head in shame. The wonder that was India does not exist anymore. A 5000 year old Nation’s prestige lies in shambles. I am a sad to witness my country’s journey – from India Shinning to India Ashamed. If you still differ , look at the following photos and decide yourself :

Vidur

Mumbai , India

http://www.vidur.co.in

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